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Analysis of Phatic Expression in Freedom Writer's Film Asliana Tien; Yanto Yanto; Velmi Mayaputri
Leksikon: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa, Sastra, dan Budaya Vol. 1 No. 2 (2023): LEKSIKON: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa, Sastra, & Budaya
Publisher : UPT Publikasi dan Penerbitan Universitas San Pedro

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ABSTRACK Phatic expressions are rarely discussed in communication studies and are not known to many people even though the use of phatic expressions is often used in everyday life. The objective of research is to describe the types and functions of phatic expressions used in Freedom Writer’s film. The theory used Biber (in Aziz, 2015) and Kinneavy (in Chaer, 2009) to analysis the data of research. This research used descriptive qualitative research methods with observation and documentation data collection techniques. The results of this research found 11 types of phatic expressions contained in the characters' conversations in the Freedom Writer's film, namely: 1) interjection, 2) Greetings and Farewells, 3) Discourse markers, 4) Response, 5) Hesitators, 6) The politeness markers please, 7) Apologies, 8) Casual pronunciation, 9) Attention signal, 10) Thanks, 11) Expletives. Meanwhile, the functions of phatic expressions found in the film Freedom Writer’s include 4 functions: 1) Expression functions found in phatic expression types Thanks, Response, Expletive, Discourse markers, Interjection, and Apologies, 2) Information functions in the types of Discourse markers, Casual pronunciation and Responses, 3) Exploration function in the types of Response, Discourse markers and casual pronunciation types, 4) Persuasion function in Response types, Casual pronouncement and The politeness markers please.
Do Butonese Women Need to Break the Cultural Taboos? (A Dilemma Among Butonese Women) Velmi Mayaputri; Rikardus Nasa
HISTORIA: Jurnal Program Studi Pendidikan Sejarah Vol 12, No 1 (2024): HISTORIA: Jurnal Program Studi Pendidikan Sejarah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24127/hj.v12i1.9465


This research aims to analyze one of Indonesian ethnicity’s perspectives towards women empowerment and cultural taboos. In this context, the investigation focused on Butonese ethnic. Thus, this research employs ethnography research method. In attempt to gain the data, triangulations data collection techniques are employed including observation, FGD, and interview. The results reflected perceptions of Butonese Women from two different walk of life. In this case, the participants include housewives and career women. Butonese women proposed two different perspectives towards women empowerment. The first perspective is women empowerment considered as a radical resistance. Moreover, the second perspective claimed that women empowerment is an act of breaking the cultural taboos.