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Linguistic Categories and Expression in Javanese Language of The Coastal Community In Banjar Kemuning Village, Sidoarjo Chafidhi, Umar; Rais, Wakit Abdullah; Purnanto, Dwi
KOMUNITAS: International Journal of Indonesian Society and Culture Vol 11, No 2 (2019): September
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v11i2.20710

Abstract

 This study reveals all Javanese language categories and expressions of the coastal community of Banjar Kemuning village, Sidoarjo district through the perspective of ethnolinguistic studies. This type of research is descriptive qualitative. This research uses ethnographic methods with the analysis model that is the ethnoscience model. The results of this study indicate that through the mindset and knowledge system of society, it has been found all kinds of Javanese language categories and expressions in their speech expressions in the form of a way of life in terms of livelihoods as fishermen and pond farmers, the names of fishing tools and pond farmers, the names of sea products, a set of terms of offerings and various rituals, mantra or prayers as well as local wisdom of the village community hidden behind verbal and non verbal expressions  
COMMUNICATION OF THE CHILDREN WITH AUTISM IN SLBN SURAKARTA: GRICE’S COOPERATIVE PRINCIPLES Wahyunianto, Dian; Djatmika, Djatmika; Purnanto, Dwi
Humanus Vol 18, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Pusat Kajian Humaniora FBS Universitas Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1415.947 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/humanus.v18i2.107170

Abstract

Autism is also believed to be one of the linguistics impairment causes. Not only having problems in the language acquisition in general, but pragmatic deficit has also become serious problem of the children with autism. The objective of this study is to demonstrate how children with autism obey the Grice’s cooperative principles. There are 5 children with autism that become subjects of this study. Those 5 children are specifically children with autism that is categorized as verbal autism children. The data are speech produced by the children with autism in the class. Data collection is done by recording and followed by transcribing. It is analyzed using Grice’s cooperative principles with 4 maxims to be obeyed. The results showed that most of the utterances produced by the children with autism obeying 2 maxims with the most frequent maxim to be obeyed was maxim of quantity.
MADURESE PROVERBS USING COLOR NAME ELEMENT: AN ETHNOLINGUISTIC STUDY Fadhilah, Nurul; Rais, Wakit Abdullah; Purnanto, Dwi
Humanus Vol 18, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Pusat Kajian Humaniora FBS Universitas Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1635.315 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/humanus.v18i2.107167

Abstract

Color is a symbolic expression tool used by humans to translate the intentions and ideas of its users, not exception the color names used in proverbs. This research is a qualitative descriptive which aims to describe the meaning of Madurese proverbs which contain color name elements and their relation to the Madurese life principles. The data of this study are Madura proverbs which contain color name elements. Furthermore, primary data sources come from informants and secondary data sources come from books and internet pages. Data were analyzed using an ethnolinguistic approach with ethnoscience methods. The results showed that 6 Madurese proverbs used the color name elements. The colors are potѐ ‘white’, celleng ‘black’, and konѐng ‘yellow’. Each same color can have a different meaning in each proverb. Besides, the six proverbs that use the color name elements become Madurese life guidelines in running their life, such as having to maintain self-esteem, be humble, avoid abuse of power, keep trying, be a person who has good character, and associate with people who bring benefits. Thus, this research is fundamental because the color is not just a symbol of beauty, but it can show the culture of its users in the form of language expression.
LANGUAGE ACQUISITION OF DOWN SYNDROME CHILDREN IN THE DOWN SYNDROME VILLAGE PONOROGO : A PSYCHOLINGUISTICS OVERVIEW Sumarlam, Sumarlam; Purnanto, Dwi; Pamungkas, Sri; Hasyim, Khoirul; Utami, Angga Cahyaning
PRASASTI: Journal of Linguistics Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/prasasti.v1i1.960

Abstract

This study focused on language acquisition of down syndrome children in the down syndrome village Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia. The down syndrome villages are Krebet sub-district of Jambon, Sidoharjo sub-district of Jambon, Karangpatihan sub-district of Sidoharjo, Pandak sub-district of Balong, and Dayakan sub-district Badegan.            The purpose of this study were (1) to explain the first language acquisition, in both lexical and grammatical; (2) to explain the second language acquisition, both lexical and grammatical; (3) to explain the factors that affect language acquisition of down syndrome children in Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia. The method used in this study include the data providing by interview and questionnaire; the data are analyzed descriptively by stages identifying, classifying, interpreting, and explicating.            The results showed that the down syndrome children aged 7-15 years which were being the research object, mastering the first language (mother tongue) only, it is Javanese in the ngoko form (the Javanese language lowest level). They do not mastered Bahasa Indonesia as the second language as well. The first language acquisition of lexical mastery are in the unique forms, including the mention of an object by a unique form, e.g. knife called pangot, the mention of the object based on its sound (onomatopoeic), for example ‘eong’ to mention cat, elimination of beginning consonants and vowels, elimination of middle consonant, consonant replacements, and others. Down syndrome children did not acquire prefix and also the repetition, did not recognize compound words, the concepts which are mastered is the here and now, the things around him, and now, it is not the past and imagination. In addition, children with Down syndrome do echolalia (imitating others), autoecholalia (repeating his own words), verbal auditory agnosia or cogenital word deafness (phonological perception problem). Some informants also impaired speech or stuttering and selective mutism (not speaking to certain situations and places)            The down syndrome children were studied experienced those cases above since their birth, although some of them had the problems because of high temperature when they were on 6 months, 1.5 years, and 2 years. Inbreeding, maternal age over 35 years, and malnutrition becomes a trigger of down syndrome. The factors that affect the first and second language acquisition are (1) the informant is rarely communicate; (2) the informant never be read bedtime stories before bed; (3) the informant had not been provided the singing before bed; (4) The lack of attention from the family toward education, especially language acquisition. Key words      : language acquisition, down syndrome children, psycholinguistic 
Pragmatic Politeness in the Local Election: An Analysis of the Defeat of Agus-Silvy in 2017 DKI Jakarta Gubernatorial Elections Aini, Aldila Arin; Sumarlam, Sumarlam; Purnanto, Dwi
Jurnal Politik Indonesia: Indonesian Political Science Review Vol 4, No 1 (2019): Problems and Prospects after 20 Years Reform
Publisher : Political Science Program, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (124.604 KB) | DOI: 10.15294/ipsr.v4i1.14574

Abstract

This research aims to analyze factors caused Agus-Sylvi’s losing in 2017 DKI Jakarta Governor election. This research analyzes Agus-Sylvi’s losing not only from politic sides, but also from pragmatics’ politeness. Pragmatic politeness in this research is according to Brown & Levinson’s theory (1987) which is based on the speakers and hearers’ faces. In collecting the data, the reseacher chooses considerably free method and note taking technique. Pragmatic based approach and contextual method are used to analyze the data. From all the data, the researcher had found 83 forms of politeness strategies which showed the form of politeness strategy used by Agus-Sylvi. Those politeness strategies are positive, negative, bald-off record, and across politeness strategies. The use of the most positive politeness strategy, offer and promise, revealed the way of Agus’Sylvi got lost in 2017 governor election of DKI Jakarta. It means that it is not good to use positive politeness too much because the hearers will judge the speakers as a person who loves to boast. The lack of negative politeness and bald-off politeness also revealed that Agus-Sylvi did not respect other participants of Jakarta’s2017 governor election. The non-dominant across politeness strategy proved that Agus-Sylvi could not compete in confessing their meaning pragmatically. 
STRUKTUR WACANA PERSIDANGAN PIDANA Purnanto, Dwi
Kajian Linguistik dan Sastra Vol 23, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (49.405 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/kls.v23i1.4322

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi struktur skrip persidanganpidana untuk memenuhi tujuan pembuktian ada tidaknya tindak pidana yangdilakukan terdakwa. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode penelitian kualitatifdengan pendekatan sosiolinguistik. Datanya berupa teks persidangan pidana diPengadilan Negeri di Surakarta, yang dikumpulkan dengan teknik simak bebaslibat cakap (observasi nonpartisipasi) dan teknik rekam. Analisis data menggunakan teknik kontekstual, dengan prosedur kerangka kerja komprehensif untuk analisis register. Hasil analisis menunjukkan adanya sembilam fase persidangan pidana, yaitu fase: (1) pembukaan persidangan, (2) pemeriksaan identitas terdakwa, (3) pembacaan dakwaan oleh jaksa penuntut umum, (4) pertanyaan tentang keberatan dari terdakwa (eksepsi), (5) pemeriksaan saksi, (6) pemeriksaan terdakwa, (7) pembacaan tuntutan oleh penuntut umum, (8) pembacaan putusan, dan (9) penutupan persidangan. Peran/ partisipan di dalam persidangan mengacu pada praktisi hukum: hakim, jaksa, saksi, terdakwa, dan penasihat hukum.Kata Kunci: struktur wacana, skrip, genre, fase, peran, dan kerangka kerja komprehensif.
KAJIAN MORFOLOGI DERIVASIONAL DAN INFLEKSIONAL DALAM BAHASA INDONESIA Purnanto, Dwi
Kajian Linguistik dan Sastra Vol 18, No 2 (2006)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.757 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/kls.v18i2.5058

Abstract

This article deals with the study of words in the scope of morphology with the stress on Hockett’s ideas (1954) of Item and Arrangement (IA), Item and Process (IP), dan Word and Paradigm (WP). Using this approach, men to concern will really understand that derivational (or lexical) morphology studies words forma- tion resulted in new categories of the words while in inflectional morphology, such a result is not found. Inflectional morphology; on the other hand, deals with the result of words formation derived from the same lexems. The outstanding inference shows that to be the scope of word formation is only the derivasional morphology instead of inflectional one. The understanding of inflection becomes the scope of syntax since it is only completing the forms of lexem; however, derivation is in- cluded in lexicon for it provides new lexems. Key words: derivasional, infleksional, IA, IP, WP, word formation, and lexem.
KARAKTERISTIK DAN PENAFSIRAN PEMAKAIAN BAHASA DALAM BIDANG HUKUM Purnanto, Dwi
Kajian Linguistik dan Sastra Vol 18, No 1 (2006)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3414.62 KB) | DOI: 10.23917/kls.v18i1.5136

Abstract

Foreign law system (especially the Dutch system) which is mostly used as the Indonesia law system has also influenced a typical use of the Indonesian language in law. The use of key terms, senteces, and the law discourse is closely related to its source. To interprete the language use in law; therefpre, one needs to know several strategies. The interpretation of language use in law may function to determine the meaning and purpose of law registers. Besides, the interpretation can also be done by determining the linguistic elements_phrases and claudes_as sentence former and by determining key words to indentipy the content of law discourse. Key words: law register, linguistic elements, teks, wacana hukum, dan KUHP.
The Realization of Directive Speech Act by Da’i on Dialogic Da’wah in Kota Surakarta: A Socio-Pragmatic Study nugroho, Miftah; Purnanto, Dwi; Tarjana, Sri Samiati
KOMUNITAS: International Journal of Indonesian Society and Culture Vol 10, No 1 (2018): Komunitas, March 2018
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v10i1.12930

Abstract

This article aims at explaining the directive speech acts realization on Q&A sessions of a dialogic situated communication. The directive speech requires a communicative counterpart (to do something as the speaker’s wishes) by his/her words. Under the Sociopragmatic is the crossdisciple study between the pragmatic and sociological disciplines. The data were obtained by applying methods of observation and recording. The data source of this study took the Islamic liturgical dialogues dakwah held by both Islamic organizations and Islamic sermons held at schools, homes, or mosques. The result shows that, in terms of the communicative functions, the directive speech acts were realized from the acts of suggesting, and warning, a da’i or preachers are adhering to the principle of harmony as reflected from their commitment towards the observed maxims of kurmat, andhap asor and the tepa slilra.
SPEECH ACT AND POLITENESS STRATEGY OF RASULULLAH MUHAMMAD SAW ON THE BOOK OF HADITH BUKHARI Alhamidi, Wilda Zaki; Purnanto, Dwi; Djatmika, Djatmika
English Language and Literature International Conference (ELLiC) Proceedings Vol 3 (2019): 3rd ELLiC Proceedings: Reimagining New Cyber-based Research in English Education, Lit
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (678.645 KB)

Abstract

This research reviews prophet Muhammad SAW utterances when talking to people who had different paradigms from him. The data used in this research are the conversations of prophet Muhammad to non-moslim in book hadith of Bukhari. This research is qualitative study and to analyze the data is used heuristics method. The result shows that from 34 Rasulullah Muhammad’s speeches against non muslim people are found 3 types of speech acts, those are 16 directive speech acts, 17 assertive and 1 rogative. Moreover the most dominant politeness that arises is negative politeness. It happened because negative politeness is used to protect negative face that was used for a social relationship between speaker and hearer. Furthermore, Off the Record strategy is to be the most dominant in asertive type because a speaker (Prophet Muhammad) used a communication strategy by not stating directive speech directly to the non muslim as the hearer.