Nafik Muthohirin
Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

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Journal : J-PAI: Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam

Politik Identitas Islam dan Urgensi Pendidikan Multikultural Muthohirin, Nafik
J-PAI: Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam JPAI Vol. 6 No. 1 Juli-Desember 2019
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18860/jpai.v6i1.8776

Abstract

This article highlights the politics of Islamic identity that appears through persecution and religious-based violent extremism. During the past two decades, the hustle and bustle of public space seem to be filled with various religious symbols, which visibly deep respect for the reality of diversity while reducing the critical role of Pancasila as the ideology of the Indonesian state. If such behaviour is carried out in a corridor that upholds the values of Pancasila, then that attitude is not a problem. However, because the imposition of Islamic identity is accompanied by expressions of hatred and other judgmental attitudes, this needs to be anticipated. In fact, in several cases, this other judgmental attitude often leads to the mobilization of the masses to execute those who are considered different from the majority. Such a social situation can tear the religious plurality that has fostered this nation for a long time. Therefore, this article seeks to examine several things, namely: (1) tracking various acts of intolerance based on the politics of religious identity; (2) agencies that play an essential role in the occurrence of acts of persecution; (3) rethinking the urgency of multicultural education.Keywords. Identity Politics; Islam; Multiculturalism; Execution.
Resiliensi Pesantren Terhadap Ekstrimisme Kekerasan Berbasiskan Agama dan Implikasinya terhadap Masyarakat Pesisir Lamongan Muthohirin, Nafik; Suherman, Suherman
J-PAI: Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam JPAI Vol. 7 No. 1 Juli-Desember 2020
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18860/jpai.v7i1.11887

Abstract

Pesantren has a strategy of resilience from the infiltration of the ideology of religious violent extremism. This resilience comes from the kiai's charisma and institutional commitment to the integrity of the country which has implications for the practice of Islamic education in Islamic boarding schools. This article discusses the form of the resilience of the Pesantren Karangasem Muhammadiyah Lamongan from the ideology of religious violent extremism. Pesantren Karangasem is located in Paciran, which borders Brondong, Lamongan, where religious life in the two coastal villages of Lamongan faces serious challenges because it is becoming pockets of movement for Islamic extremist groups. This article poses two thesis questions: First, what is the form of the resilience of the Pesantren Karangasem from the ideology of religious violent extremism; Second, how this form of resilience can have implications for preventing the entry of radical Islamic actors into the religious life of the coastal community of Lamongan. This study concludes that Pesantren Karangasem is an Islamic educational institution that contributes to spreading moderate Islamic views through several forms of resilience that originate from the kiai's charisma and the Islamic intellectual tradition of the pesantren. This study also emphasizes that even though the infiltration of massive religious-based violent extremism movements has occurred, the practice of Islamic cosmopolitan which is the character of religious life in the coastal community of Lamongan is always maintained.
Modernisasi Pendidikan Islam Ahmad Dahlan: Perspektif Kesadaran (Konsientisasi) Kritis Paulo Freire Muhammad Kamaludin; Nafik Muthohirin
J-PAI: Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam JPAI Vol. 8 No. 1 Juli-Desember 2021
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18860/jpai.v8i1.15741

Abstract

Ahmad Dahlan was a figure who believed in modern thoughts. He raised awareness of the religious community to dare to think openly to new views, thoughts, and cultures through the modernization of Islamic education and da'wah. Ahmad Dahlan also encouraged religious communities to got out of the trap of poverty and ignorance, as well as the snares of imperialism that occurred in the early 20th century in Indonesia. His reform thinking in the field of religious education was the most prominent in his efforts to integrate Islamic sciences with modern knowledge and culture. This article describes Ahmad Dahlan's thoughts on Islamic education with the educational concept of Paulo Freire called "conscientization" critical awareness. Freire said that the main purpose of education was to liberate society from oppressive colonialism and structural poverty. This article is a research paper with a literature review approach that focuses on the discussion of the modernization concept of Ahmad Dahlan's Islamic education in the perspective of Freire's critical awareness. This manuscript concludes that through the modernization of Islamic education, Ahmad Dahlan has raised critical awareness of the religious community to got out of the shackles of poverty and ignorance, as well as the prison of imperialism.