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Journal : Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat

Dating and Premarital Sexual Inisiation on Adolescence in Indonesia Oktriyanto, Oktriyanto; Alfiasari, Alfiasari
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 15, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v15i1.17270

Abstract

Adolescent is the generation that will determine the future of the nation. Indonesia has many adolescents with excellent achievement in national and international level. However, there are still many adolescents who have negative and deviant behavior such as smoking, drinking, using drugs, even to the behavior of free sex. The purpose of this analysis was to examine dating and sexual behavior of adolescents in Indonesia. This analysis was using secondary data from the Survey of Performance Indicators of National Medium Term Development Plan Program of the National Population and Family Planning Year 2015. The survey was conducted in 34 provinces throughout Indonesia. The number of the samples for this analysis were 41.885, who were adolescents aged 15-24 years and have not married yet. The analysis showed that male respondents who had girlfriend were higher than girls who had boyfriends. On average, the first dating age is 15.5 years. The most frequent activities during dating are holding hands, kissing lips, touching and stimulating the sensitive part of body. Boys were more permissive related premarital sex than adolescent girls. Furthermore, boys admitted have had sexual intercourse three times higher than girls. Adolescents who were on dating had higher chances of having premarital sex than those who were not on dating. The chance of premarital sex was likely to increase if the adolescents holding hands, kissing lips, and touching sensitive parts of body while having date.
Family Function and Misuse of Drug in Adolescents in Indonesia Oktriyanto, Oktriyanto; Amrullah, Hilma; Titisari, Anastasia Septya
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 16, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v16i2.23304

Abstract

In Indonesia drug in adolescents shows a number that tends to be high. This phenomenon is certainly an indication that there are character problems in children and adolescents in Indonesia, which certainly cannot be separated from the role of parents. In this case the function of parents and government support is needed in an effort to handle the use of drugs in teenagers in Indonesia. The results showed that the majority of adolescents who used drugs were more in adolescents who had heads of households with low education and had families with a low wealth index, were in whole families, and more in adolescents who lived in rural areas. Teenage boys tend to use drugs more than girls. Teenagers who use drugs have more characteristics of the 20-24 year age group,  low education and are not working. The factors that significantly affect the use of drug use among adolescents include socio-cultural functions, place of residence, adolescence, adolescent sex, work status, adolescent access to PIK-R programs, and knowledge of the impact of drugs.
Determinants of Low Birth Weight in Indonesia Oktriyanto, Oktriyanto; Rahardja, Mugia Bayu; FN, Desi Nury; Amrullah, Hilma; Pujihasvuty, Resti; PN, Margareth Maya
KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 17, No 4 (2022)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v17i4.33365

Abstract

Low birth weight (LBW) is one of the main factors influencing the development of chronic disease in adulthood in surviving or surviving infants. This study aims to determine the determinants of the incidence of LBW in toddlers (infants aged 0-5 years) in Indonesia. This study uses a data set from the 2017 Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS). The dependent variable is the child’s LBW status, while the independent variable consists of 3 variable blocks, namely; distal, intermediate and proximal variables. The number of samples in this study was 14,372 people. Data analysis was done descriptively and inferentially. The results showed that, of the 14,262 samples analyzed, 7% showed LBW. The highest probability of LBW was associated with the type of birth of twins (AOR: 22,087; 95%CI: 18,344-26,194), the order of birth of the 4th child or more (AOR: 2,231; 95%CI: 1,887-2.598), experiencing pregnancy complications (AOR: 1.887; 95% CI: 1.543-2.134), number of ANC visits less than 4 times (AOR: 1.763; 95% CI: 1.411-2.202), low maternal education (AOR: 1.711; 95% CI: 1.344-2.143), no consumption of iron tablets during pregnancy (AOR: 1.316; 95% CI:1.109-1.623), and households with low wealth quintiles (AOR: 1.301; 95% CI: 1.197-1.324. Various aspects have been associated with LBW which is expected to contribute on elaborating health and family policies and promoting better living conditions for mothers and children in Indonesia.