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THE AWARENESS AND REALIZATION OF GRICE’S COOPERATIVE PRINCIPLES IN THE CONVERSATIONS AMONG NON-NATIVE ENGLISH SPEAKERS -, Retnowaty
English Education Journal Vol 3 No 2 (2013)
Publisher : English Education Journal

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Abstract

Pragmatics gives different interpretation of meaning even when it is not said or written. This study was using descriptive qualitative approach. The objects of the study were non-native English speakers at the fourth semester of post-graduate program (S2) majoring English Education of Semarang State University in the academic year 2012/2013. The unit of analysis of this study were utterances which contain the observance and non-observance of Grice’s cooperative principle. Furthermore, to know how they were aware of those principles, a pragmatic awareness test was given to each participant. Based on the test, most participants were aware enough of Grice’s cooperative principle. From all utterances, most participants appeared to observe the maxim of relation. It can be inferred that they tried to answer the question with relevant answer. The realization of non-observance of Grice’s cooperative principle was mostly shown in flouting the maxim of quantity that they gave more or less information than it was needed. Moreover, we can infer that non-native English speakers who were aware of Grice’s cooperative principle would be easier to realize it in their conversations because they understood the concept of how to create successful, effective and efficient communication.
Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Dalam Upaya Pelestarian Ekosistem Pesisir Dan Hutan Mangrove Manggar Indriawati, Prita; Retnowaty, Retnowaty
BAGIMU NEGERI : JURNAL PENGABDIAN KEPADA MASYARAKAT Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : BAGIMU NEGERI : JURNAL PENGABDIAN KEPADA MASYARAKAT

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (7.6 KB) | DOI: 10.26638/jbn.623.8651

Abstract

The purpose of this Community Service (CS) is to provide an understanding of the function of the mangrove forests that have various benefits for the preservation of coastal ecosystems and clean up inorganic waste in the coastal areas. The method of community service was lecturing, demonstration, counseling and interview. The CS results were high awareness of the community to do the maintenance of the former pond land and garbage in the watershed and lastly mangrove trees can grow well. Suggestions for further CS is the need to make a proposal for sponsorship so that sustainability of these activities will occur.Keywords: community empowerment, coastal ecosystem, mangrove 
COMPLIMENT RESPONSE STRATEGIES AMONG STUDENTS AT UNIVERSITY OF BALIKPAPAN Retnowaty, Retnowaty
JURNAL SMART Vol 4, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : STKIP Muhammadiyah Pringsewu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26638/js.542.203X

Abstract

When someone gives a compliment, the hearer should response it to smoothen the relationship and communication. This study attempts to explore how the University of Balikpapan Students respond to compliment. This was a qualitative study. The data in this study were collected using a discourse completion task (DCT) to elicit compliment responses from students in University of Balikpapan as the participants. Moreover, the data were analyzed with the Continua of Compliment Response Strategies proposed by Tran (2007). It was found that most participants used variation of compliment response strategies. However, they tended to use the acceptance to denial continuum responses.
DEIXIS IN DONALD TRUMP’S SPEECH TO UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY Retnowaty, Retnowaty
Lingua Didaktika: Jurnal Bahasa dan Pembelajaran Bahasa Vol 13, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : English Department FBS UNP

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1179.655 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/ld.v13i2.106880

Abstract

The objective of the study is “to describe how deixis are used in Donald Trump’s Speech to UN General Assembly”. The design of this study is a descriptive qualitative design. Source of data collection in this research is the text of Donald Trump’s Speech to UN General Assembly done in 2018. After collecting data, the researcher found and selected data that the most of sentences or words have deixis types. After the data were reduced, then the next step is to display data, then, presenting data. Data summarizing was a means to know the result of the study. Here, the researcher made conclusion after completely identifying and analyzing the types of deixis and the most dominant one found in the speech. Based on data analysis, the researcher found five kinds of deixis in Donald Trump’s Speech to UN General Assembly, they are person deixis, spatial/place deixis, temporal/time deixis, discourse deixis and social deixis. The total number of deixis in this speech are 344 utterances. The deixis that mostly used by the Donald Trump is the person deixis with the frequency of 279 (81.10%).Keywords:
STRATEGI TINDAK TUTUR PENOLAKAN DALAM INTERAKSI PEDAGANG DAN PEMBELI DI PLAZA KEBUN SAYUR BALIKPAPAN Ayu Astuti, Fitri; Retnowaty, Retnowaty; Maulida, Nurliani
Bahtera Indonesia Jurnal Penelitian Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Wiralodra

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31943/bi.v5i1.65

Abstract

Masalah pada penelitian ini adalah kurangnya keahlian seseorang ketika melakukan sebuah penolakan sehingga menimbulkan perselisihan atau prasangka kurang baik. Oleh karena itu, keahlian seseorang ketika melakukan sebuah penolakan sangat berpengaruh terhadap respons yang didapatkan. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mendeskripsikan strategi tindak tutur penolakan dalam interaksi pedagang dan pembeli di Plaza Kebun Sayur Balikpapan. Penelitian ini melibatkan pedagang maupun pembeli yang melakukan proses tawar menawar. Data diperoleh dengan melakukan teknik simak catat, instrumen data dalam penelitian ini yaitu dengan menggunkan human instrument, serta data dianalisis menggunakan tiga tahapan analisis data. Hasil penelitian diperoleh 42 strategi penolakan yang terbagi atas 4 strategi penolakan, yaitu (1) strategi penolakan langsung sebanyak 1 data, dengan frekuensi 2%. (2) strategi penolakan tidak langsung sebanyak 32 data, dengan frekuensi 76%. (3) strategi penolakan tambahan sebanyak 4 data, dengan frekuensi 10% (4) strategi penolakan kombinasi sebanyak 5 data, dengan frekuensi 12%.
TINDAK TUTUR ILOKUSI PADA CAPTION AKUN ISLAMI DI INSTAGRAM Septi Tri Wahyuni; Retnowaty Retnowaty; Indah Ika ratnawati
Jurnal Basataka (JBT) Vol. 1 No. 2 (2018): Desember 2018
Publisher : Prodi Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia, Universitas Balikpapan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (196.452 KB) | DOI: 10.36277/basataka.v1i2.25

Abstract

Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan mengidentifikasi realisasi tindak tutur ilokusi (asertif, direktif, ekspresif, komisif, dan deklarasi) pada caption akun Islami di instagram. Data yang diambil dari akun Islami di instagram menggunakan dua akun Islami dan data diambil dari bulan Januari sampai bulan Juni 2018. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif kualitatif. Langkah-langkah yang dilakukan dalam penelitian ini yaitu dengan mengambil data, kemudian memilah berdasarkan kategori tindak tutur ilokusi. Selanjutnya peneliti mengambil kesimpulan dari hasil analisis tersebut. Hasil analisis dari kategori tindak tutur ilokusi dan fungsi dari tindak tutur ilokusi yaitu terdapat 28 data: a) Bentuk tindak tutur asertif dengan fungsi menyatakan dan menyarankan, b) bentuk tindak tutur direktif dengan fungsi memerintah, memohon, menasehati, dan merekomendasi, c) bentuk tindak tutur ekspresif dengan fungsi berterima kasihm meminta maaf, dan menyalahkan, d) bentuk tindak tutur komisif tidak ditemukan pada caption akun Islami di instagram, e) bentuk tindak tutur deklarasi dengan fungsi berpasrah. Tindak tutur ilokusi yang paling sering didapatkan yaitu kategori asertif menyatakan sebanyak 11 data sedangkan tindak tutur ilokusi yang paling sedikit ditemui yaitu kategori asertif.
Pembelajaran Kepada Masyarakat Kelurahan Lamaru RT 06 Dan RT 17 Untuk Meningkatkan Daya Minat Belajar Ganjar Susilo; Prita Indriawati; Retnowaty Retnowaty
Abdimas Universal Vol. 1 No. 1 (2019): April
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Balikpapan (LPPM UNIBA)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (326.683 KB) | DOI: 10.36277/abdimasuniversal.v1i1.3

Abstract

Learning activities for the community in the villages of Lamaru RT 06 and RT 17 were Community Service activities carried out by lecturers and students at the University of Balikpapan in Lamaru Village, East Balikpapan, with the aim of realizing the Tri Dharma of Universities by using their values and forms in community and state life, increase the power of interest in learning society in order to get a better education and provide new insights and knowledge about education and can be used in community life in the area where local people live. The method of community service in RT 17 and RT 06 of Lamaru Village by conducting Focus Group Discussions (FGD). The results of the discussion were 1) the formation of cooperation between the community service team of the University of Balikpapan very well so that efforts to increase the learning interest of the community in Lamaru Sub-District can run well, 2) the students who took part in educational activities were very active in the activities given, such as tutoring, knowledge dexterity competitions, and simple experiments in setting up model patterns of objects around them using plasticine media, and 3) young people playing an active role in helping education skills in creative activities. Keywords: community learning interest, tutoring, knowledge agility competition
Pengenalan Kosakata Bahasa Inggris Bertema Lingkungan Sekolah di Sekolah Dasar Retnowaty Retnowaty; Prita Indriawati; Kiftian Hady Prasetya
Abdimas Universal Vol. 2 No. 1 (2020): April
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Balikpapan (LPPM UNIBA)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36277/abdimasuniversal.v2i1.53

Abstract

English vocabulary mastery in elementary school students is quite minimal. This can happen because they have not yet learned English because the lessons have been removed from the elementary school curriculum starting in 2014. The implementation team was restless and wanted to introduce English early on to students, especially at SDN 012 West Balikpapan as a form of initial recognition in order to survive and able to compete in junior high school. The method used is to provide theory and practice to the target audience. The activity of introducing English vocabulary on the theme of the school environment is carried out through face to face with the delivery of material through the lecture method followed by guidance, practice, and evaluation in understanding vocabulary with the themes of alphabets, numbers, colors and school subjects, School Things, and People in School. The results of community service activities carried out at SDN 012 West Balikpapan provide considerable benefits and are needed by students at the school. School principals, teachers, and students expect this activity to be carried out continuously through mentoring activities and forms of English language training and other lessons. Language Training is one form of non-formal education that is very important and useful for students to get to know English that still feels foreign.
Apology Strategies Used by Students in University of Balikpapan retnowaty retnowaty; Nurliani Maulida
Journal of English Language Studies Vol 4, No 1 (2019): Available Online in March 2019
Publisher : English Department - University of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30870/jels.v4i1.4369

Abstract

There are two objectives of the study namely to investigate kind of apology strategies are used by students in University of Balikpapan and to investigate how age and social status affect their choice of apology strategies. The design of this study is descriptive qualitative. Instrument to collect the data was DCT task devised by Hasan in 2014. The data were analyzed and categorized by using theory of Trosborg and Aijmer compiled by Firiani & Lestari in Fitriani (2012). Findings have shown that an overwhelming majority of the apologies were combinations rather than single type. The most often used combined strategies by students in University of Balikpapan were ‘explicitly apologizing + acknowledging responsibility + offering redress’. Moreover, it can be inferred that age and social status affected participants’ choice of apology strategies since the result of this study showed that they had different combined apology strategies based on older, younger, same age and higher, lower, equal social status.
STRATEGI TINDAK TUTUR PENOLAKAN DALAM INTERAKSI PEDAGANG DAN PEMBELI DI PLAZA KEBUN SAYUR BALIKPAPAN Fitri Ayu Astuti; Retnowaty Retnowaty; Nurliani Maulida
Bahtera Indonesia Jurnal Penelitian Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Wiralodra

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31943/bi.v5i1.65

Abstract

Masalah pada penelitian ini adalah kurangnya keahlian seseorang ketika melakukan sebuah penolakan sehingga menimbulkan perselisihan atau prasangka kurang baik. Oleh karena itu, keahlian seseorang ketika melakukan sebuah penolakan sangat berpengaruh terhadap respons yang didapatkan. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mendeskripsikan strategi tindak tutur penolakan dalam interaksi pedagang dan pembeli di Plaza Kebun Sayur Balikpapan. Penelitian ini melibatkan pedagang maupun pembeli yang melakukan proses tawar menawar. Data diperoleh dengan melakukan teknik simak catat, instrumen data dalam penelitian ini yaitu dengan menggunkan human instrument, serta data dianalisis menggunakan tiga tahapan analisis data. Hasil penelitian diperoleh 42 strategi penolakan yang terbagi atas 4 strategi penolakan, yaitu (1) strategi penolakan langsung sebanyak 1 data, dengan frekuensi 2%. (2) strategi penolakan tidak langsung sebanyak 32 data, dengan frekuensi 76%. (3) strategi penolakan tambahan sebanyak 4 data, dengan frekuensi 10% (4) strategi penolakan kombinasi sebanyak 5 data, dengan frekuensi 12%.