Efendy, Oscar
Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

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KAJIAN ETNOBOTANI PERUBAHAN FUNGSI LAHAN, SOSIAL DAN INISIATIF KONSERVASI MASYARAKAT PULAU ENGGANO [The Ethnobotanical Study of Land Use Change, Social Change and The Conservation Initiative of People in Enggano Island] Royyani, Mohammad Fathi; Lestari, Vera Budi; Efendy, Oscar
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 16, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3722.063 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v16i3.2241

Abstract

This research aims to see the land use change within ethnobotanical perspective. According to observation, interview, and Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) it was known that land in Enggano Island have been changed, even the sacred forest transformed, into kebun/garden and ladang/field. The changes of land use was related with demography, economic, and socio-cultural changes in society. Social change affected the species that were planted by the community. The species with a high economic value and a quick harvest and did not need extra treatment planted by local people to replace the previous plants. The other impact that arises is the exixtence of local initiative to restore areas that should functioned as a forest.
KAJIAN ETNOBOTANI RAMUAN PASCA MELAHIRKAN PADA MASYARAKAT ENGGANO [The Ethnobotanical Study of Postpartum Concoction on Enggano People] Royyani, Mohammad Fathi; Lestari, Vera Budi; Agusta, Andria; Efendy, Oscar
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 17, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3903.119 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v17i1.2242

Abstract

This research was aimed to discover the traditional knowledge of Enggano people when using plants as concoction after giving birth. Data was collected through in depth interview, open-ended, and literature studies. The results showed that Enggano people used specific plants as concoction in childbirth process. There were two types of the concoction. The first was used after giving birth to 40 days, jarak pagar or tiarak (Jatropha curcas L.). The second was used after 40 days to 60 days or after recovery, such as dukung anak (Phyllanthus niruri Linn.), kumis kucing (Orthosiphon stamineus Benth.), temu lawak (Curcuma xanthoriza Roxb.), alang-alang (Imperata cylindrica (L) P. Beauv.), banana (Musa sp.), kencur (Kaempferia galanga L.), turmeric (Curcuma longa L.), and ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe). Results from our literature studies confirmed the efficacy of plants used by Enggano people is scientifically acceptable. Further study on phytochemical aspects of these medicial plants is therefore required to be carried out.
Bertahan di Tengah Samudra: Pandangan Etnobotani terhadap Pulau Enggano, Alam, dan Manusianya Royyani, Mohammad Fathi; Lestari Sihotang, Vera Budi; Efendy, Oscar
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 14, No 2 (2018): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1215.734 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v14i2.3743

Abstract

 ABSTRACTThe objective of study was to explore Enggano’s people live survival strategy ulilizing plant resources .  To enable living in Enggano, local community utilize plant resources with diverse strategy.  The main argument of their article is social and enviromental changes affect on the utilization of plant resources as the main strategy of survival.  There strategies of data collection were applied to verify the local community survival strategy.  Namely: FGD, questionair and interview. So we observed society change their live strategy on plant resources utilization in accordance with social change. New access on information, migration, to other island influence on society orientaton. From live survival strategy to economic benefit. Keywords: Enggano, plants, social change, survival, useful. 
RELASI MASYARAKAT DAN PERUSAHAAN SARI BUMI KUSUMA (SBK) DALAM PENGELOLAAN HUTAN DI HULU SUNGAI KATINGAN, KALIMANTAN TENGAH Royyani, Mohammad Fathi; Sukur, Abdul; Efendy, Oscar
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 19, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (324.718 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v19i2.529

Abstract

Artikel ini bertujuan untuk menjelaskan relasi antara masyarakat dan perusahaan kehutanan yang memiliki izin konsesi di Kalimantan Tengah. Terdapat masyarakat yang sudah lama tinggal di dalam kawasan konsesi tersebut. Diantara bentuk relasi antara kedua pihak adalah adanya kesepakatan bahwa swasta memberikan pelayanan sosial kepada masyarakat, selain sebagai bentuk tanggung jawab sosial juga sebagai ruang baru bagi swasta untuk berelasi dengan masyarakat. Dengan menggunakan konsep-kritis tentang negara, artikel ini berusaha menjelaskan cara perusahaan berperan sebagai negara pada satu sisi sedangkan di sisi lain tetap berorientasi keuntungan. Melalui pembahasan mengenai program-program yang diberikan, artikel ini berargumen bahwa peran-peran swasta dalam memberdayakan dan membangun masyarakat adalah bagian dari sistem produksi. This paper aims to discuss the relation between local peoples and private sector who has forest concession in Central Kalimantan. There are local peoples living for years in the concession area. Onetype of interaction between those two parties is private sector should empower and develop local people. This commitment is a ‘new space’ for private sector to relate with local people. Using critical state theories, I will explain how private sector act like a state in one side and maintain the profit oriented side on the other side. Through discussion about empowering programs, I argue that private sector roles in empowering and developing local people are part of their production system.