Mirajiani, Mirajiani
Jurusan Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa

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TRANSFORMASI PRANATA PATRONASE MASYARAKAT NELAYAN: DARI EKONOMI MORALITAS MENUJU EKONOMI PASAR Kusumastanto, Tridoyo; -, Saharuddin; Satria, Arif; -, Mirajiani; S.Wahyuni, Ekawati
Jurnal Komunitas: Research and Learning in Sociology and Anthropology Vol 6, No 1 (2014): Lokalitas, Relasi Kuasa dan Transformasi Sosial
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v6i1.2950

Abstract

Masyarakat nelayan  mengalami transformasi sosial ekonomi akibat penetrasi pembangunan dan pasar. Transformasi sosial ekonomi yang terjadi membawa perubahan signifikan pranata ekonomi nelayan, karena nelayan harus mengkonstruksikan  pranata ekonomi baru yang dianggap dapat mempertahankan penghidupan nelayan pada kondisi survival dan sesuai dengan perubahan yang terjadi. Penelitian ini mendalami bagaimana  transformasi pranata patronase  yang terjadi dan keterkaitannya dengan keterjaminan ekonomi pada masyarakat nelayan di Pesisir  Ujung Kulon.  Metode penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan tipe penelitian studi kasus. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan masyarakat nelayan di Pesisir Ujung Kulon mengalami transformasi pranata ekonomi dari patronase  berbasis moralitas menjadi berbasis norma ekonomi pasar. Di era ekonomi pasar, patronase  merupakan suatu alternatif pranata ekonomi nelayan yang dibangun  untuk tetap bertahan dengan situasi krisis dan ketidakpastian ekonomi serta mata pencaharian yang bersifat fluktuatif.  Ditinjau  dari keterjaminan ekonomi, pranata patronase moralitas di masa lalu lebih memberikan jaminan  ekonomi nelayan pada situasi krisis daripada pranata patronase berbasis norma ekonomi pasar.  Pada situasi di mana pranata patronase tidak bisa sepenuhnya berfungsi sebagai pranata jaminan ekonomi nelayan,  maka untuk tetap bertahan  pada situasi ekonomi yang kurang terjamin  nelayan mengandalkan relasi ekonomi alternatif yang disediakan pasar  di luar patronase. Fishing communities experiencing socio-economic transformation as a result of development and market penetration. Socio-economic transformation is followed by significant change in economic institutions, as fishermen have to construct a new economic institutions which are supposed to maintain the livelihood in survival conditions and in accordance with the changes. This research was to explore how economic institution transformation happens and its effect on  economic security in coastal fishing communities in Ujung Kulon. The method uses a qualitative approach and the type of research uses a case study research. Results of the research showed coastal fishing communities in Ujung Kulon transformed economic institutions of patronage based morality becomes the norm based market economy. In the era of market economy, patronage remains an alternative economic institutions built to survive the crisis and uncertainty and livelihood fluctuated. The fact is related to economic security, institutional patronage morality in the past to provide security over the fishing economy in crisis situations rather than norm -based patronage institutions of the market economy. In situations where the institution of patronage can not fully function as economic security institutions of fishermen, then to survive on less secure economic situation of fishermen rely on alternative economic relations are provided markets outside patronage
MODEL PENGEMBANGAN EKONOMI LOKAL BERDASARKAN CORPOORATE SOSIAL RESPONSIBILITY (CSR) INDUSTRI DI WILAYAH INDUSTRI KOTA CILEGON Mirajiani Mirajiani; Johan Setiawan; Ari Tresna Sumantri
JURNAL AGRIBISNIS TERPADU Vol 12, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Jurusan Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (551.054 KB) | DOI: 10.33512/jat.v12i1.5533

Abstract

The long-term goal of this research is to build local economic strengths that synergize with the growth of sustainable industries in the Cilegon industrial area. The specific target to be achieved is to form a model of an effective and oriented CSR program for community development (short term and long term) that can be a guide / guide to the implementation of CSR of large industrial companies at the local and national level, and formulate a model for local economic development ideal, equitable, and empowering oriented on the basis of industrial CSR. Research is located in the Cilegon Industrial area and carried out using qualitative research methods. The method of data collection is realized by combining triangulation techniques (observation, in-depth interviews and literature studies) with joint study techniques (jisam). The results of the study indicate that the complexity of the form of relations between industry and local communities has led to the implementation of CSR not yet synergizing with the development of the local economy. There are problems with the incompatibility of forms and implementation of CSR programs with the demands of the community
POTENSI DAN PERKEMBANGAN SUMBER DAYA PENGHIDUPAN (LIVELIHOOD RESOURCE) MASYARAKAT PERTANIAN DI WILAYAH PESISIR KECAMATAN KASEMEN KOTA SERANG BANTEN Mirajiani, Mirajiani
JURNAL AGRIBISNIS TERPADU Vol 10, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Agribisnis Terpadu
Publisher : Jurusan Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (69.117 KB)

Abstract

Wilayah pesisir biasanya diidentikkan dengan potensi dan pengembangan sektor ekonomi di bidang kelautan dan perikanan. Hal ini sejalan dengan ketersediaan sumberdaya penghidupan (livelihood resource) yang terkait dengan sektor tersebut. Hal yang unik di wilayah pesisir Provinsi Banten, khususnya pesisir yang menjadi wilayah Kota Serang Banten yang juga memiliki potensi untuk pengembangan ekonomi di sektor pertanian. Tulisan ini mendalami sejauhmana potensi dan perkembangan sektor pertanian dan sumber daya penghidupan masyarakat pertanian memiliki peranan penting dalam perekonomian sekaligus menjelaskan bagaimana prospek pengembangan sektor pertanian di wilayah tersebut. Metode kajian menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan teknik pengumpulan dan analisis data sekunder. Analisis disajikan secara deskriptif. Kajian ini menunjukkan bahwa dilihat dari sumber daya penghidupan (livelihood resource) masyarakat pertanian meliputi kapital fisik (pshycal capital) dan kapital sumber daya (natural capital), maka sektor pertanian masih relatif potensial dan prospektif di wilayah pesisir Kecamatan Kasemen, Kota Serang. Potensi yang dimiliki meliputi ketersediaan lahan pertanian, kondisi geografis yang sesuai, tenaga kerja pertanian masih relatif tinggi dan potensi pasar yang berkembang karena perkembangan wilayah perkotaan dan pertambahan penduduk.
POTENSI DAN PERKEMBANGAN SUMBER DAYA PENGHIDUPAN (LIVELIHOOD RESOURCE) MASYARAKAT PERTANIAN DI WILAYAH PESISIR KECAMATAN KASEMEN KOTA SERANG BANTEN Mirajiani, Mirajiani
JURNAL AGRIBISNIS TERPADU Vol 10, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Jurusan Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (69.117 KB)

Abstract

Coastal areas are usually identified with the potential and development of economic sectors in the field of marine and fisheries. This is in line with the availability of livelihood resources associated with the sector. It is unique in the coastal area of Banten Province, especially the coastal area of Serang City, Banten which also has potential for economic development in the agricultural sector. This paper examines the extent to which the potential and development of agriculture and livelihoods of agricultural communities play an important role in the economy as well as explaining how the prospects for agricultural sector development in the region. The study method used a quantitative approach with the techniques of collecting and analyzing secondary data. The analysis is presented descriptively. This study shows that viewed from the livelihood resources of the agricultural community include physical capital (pshycal capital) and natural capital capital, then the agricultural sector is still potential and prospective in the coastal area of Kasemen district, Serang City. Potentials include the availability of agricultural land, appropriate geographical conditions, agricultural labor is still relatively high and the market potential is growing due to the development of urban areas and population growth.
POTENSI DAN PERKEMBANGAN SUMBER DAYA PENGHIDUPAN (LIVELIHOOD RESOURCE) MASYARAKAT PERTANIAN DI WILAYAH PESISIR KECAMATAN KASEMEN KOTA SERANG BANTEN Mirajiani Mirajiani
JURNAL AGRIBISNIS TERPADU Vol 10, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Jurusan Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (416.618 KB) | DOI: 10.33512/jat.v10i1.5050

Abstract

Coastal areas are usually identified with the potential and development of economic sectors in the field of marine and fisheries. This is in line with the availability of livelihood resources associated with the sector. It is unique in the coastal area of Banten Province, especially the coastal area of Serang City, Banten which also has potential for economic development in the agricultural sector. This paper examines the extent to which the potential and development of agriculture and livelihoods of agricultural communities play an important role in the economy as well as explaining how the prospects for agricultural sector development in the region. The study method used a quantitative approach with the techniques of collecting and analyzing secondary data. The analysis is presented descriptively. This study shows that viewed from the livelihood resources of the agricultural community include physical capital (pshycal capital) and natural capital capital, then the agricultural sector is still potential and prospective in the coastal area of Kasemen district, Serang City. Potentials include the availability of agricultural land, appropriate geographical conditions, agricultural labor is still relatively high and the market potential is growing due to the development of urban areas and population growth.
PENGETAHUAN LOKAL MASYARAKAT ADAT BADUY DALAM PRANATA SOSIAL UNTUK MENUNJANG KETAHANAN PANGAN Mirajiani Mirajiani; Siti Widiati Widi
Jurnal Penyuluhan dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Vol. 1 No. 1 (2022): Jurnal Penyuluhan dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (JPPM)
Publisher : CV. Era Digital Nusantara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (342.024 KB) | DOI: 10.1234/jppm.v1i1.2

Abstract

The Baduy Indigenous Community's livelihood system, like society in general, of course interacts, socializes and produces a value system that applies in life based on a distinctive cultural system. The Baduy Indigenous Community implements local knowledge in social, economic, cultural and agricultural systems and logistics systems, in an effort to meet food needs. The method in this research is a descriptive method with a qualitative approach, which is carried out in the Baduy Indigenous Community. The Baduy community religiously believe in God, the belief of the Indigenous Baduy community is referred to as Sunda Wiwitan who believes in ancestral spirits (animism), in its development it is also influenced by Buddhism, Hinduism, and Islam. Local knowledge in the social institutions of the Indigenous Baduy Community can cover several aspects including: social aspects related to trust and leadership as well as community institutional systems, and economic aspects related to family livelihoods as an effort to fulfill food needs. Sociologically and anthropologically, the Baduy Indigenous people's paddy fields do not change the contours of the land, so as not to damage the surrounding environment used in agricultural activities, intercropping between vegetables and tubers, to maximize agricultural yields. The Baduy Indigenous People have a logistics system that is integrated with the rules of customs and traditions, to ensure the availability and authenticity of local commodities as staple food, with decent, equitable and affordable quality and sustainable to be used by the Baduy Indigenous Peoples, in supporting the fulfillment of food needs. In fulfilling other food security, it is obtained from the use of forest resources, plantations, livestock and selling accessories typical of Baduy, as well as woven fabrics to visitors, or traveling to sell, and being a tour guide for tourists visiting Baduy. Social institutions based on local knowledge, make the Baduy Indigenous People able to meet their basic needs for natural resources and existing human resources, and are carried out independently without depending on other parties, in fulfillment of food needs.
Perlindungan Hak Ulayat Masyarakat Adat; Sebuah Tinjauan Kebijakan Di Tingkat Daerah (Provinsi Banten) Untuk Pertanian Berkelanjutan Mirajiani Mirajiani
JURNAL AGRIBISNIS TERPADU Vol 13, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Jurusan Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33512/jat.v13i2.9873

Abstract

Banten Province has several groups of Indigenous Peoples including: 1) Baduy Indigenous Peoples, 2) Kasepuhan Indigenous Peoples. These Indigenous Peoples have the protection of the Customary Rights of the Indigenous Peoples as a Policy Review at the Regional Level for Sustainable Agriculture. Efforts to achieve sustainable agriculture must involve all citizens and all elements of society, including indigenous peoples whose existence has been recognized by international law and Indonesian law. The Provincial Government of Banten, particularly the Regional Government of Lebak Regency, has issued two regional regulations that have legal force, namely the Lebak Regency Regulation No. 32/2001 and the Lebak Regency Regional Regulation No. 8/2015. Kasepuhan which is a customary law community in the Lebak area. The Protection Policy for the customary rights of indigenous and tribal peoples is needed to maintain the sustainability of community livelihoods.
PERAN SISTEM PERTANIAN LOKAL DALAM MEKANISME PEMENUHAN KEBUTUHAN PANGAN (FOOD COPING STRATEGY ) MASYARAKAT ADAT KASEPUHAN CICARUCUB BERBASIS KEARIFAN LOKAL siti Widiati; Rusmana Rusmana; Mirajiani Mirajiani
JURNAL AGRIBISNIS TERPADU Vol 13, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Jurusan Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (439.667 KB) | DOI: 10.33512/jat.v13i1.7565

Abstract

The Kasepuhan Cicarucub Indigenous farming system based on local wisdom, can play a role in the mechanism of meeting household food needs (Food Coping Strategy, the Indigenous People of Kasepuhan Cicarucub, Level I. in general, the food coping strategy at Stage I, namely 1) looking for other work, 2) changing food, 3) adding access to immediately get food, 4) doing changes in food distribution and frequency. Food Coping Strategy Kasepuhan Cicarucub Indigenous Peoples are at Level I, these conditions indicate that the mechanism of household survival in meeting food needs, including food security. Because the mechanism of food fulfillment at the household level of the Kasepuhan Cicarucub Indigenous Peoples does not take drastic steps, such as the mechanism of defending the behavior found in nerves II or III. The behavior of food coping strategy is done differently according to the problems faced by it. More and more households are taking drastic steps such as behavior at Levels II and III, showing a household that cannot stand food. This is due to a decrease in production, income to food consumption and nutritional status influenced by factors, such as.
ANALISIS KEBIJAKAN PERLINDUNGAN LAHAN PERTANIAN BERKELANJUTAN DALAM RANGKA MENGENDALIKAN ALIH FUNGSI LAHAN DI KOTA SERANG Rijal Aziz; Suherman Suherman; Mirajiani Mirajiani
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Tirtayasa Vol 3, No 2 (2021)
Publisher : Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk menganalisis alih fungsi lahan pertanian pangan berkelanjutan dan kebijakan pemerintah dalam melindungi lahan pertanian pangan berkelanjutan, merumuskan permasalahan yang dihadapi mengenai Perlindungan Lahan Pertanian Pangan Berkelanjutan di Kota Serang, serta menentukan strategi pengendalian alih fungsi lahan di Kota Seran. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menujukan bahwa alih fungsi lahan di Kota Serang Provinsi Banten sangat mengkhawatirkan. Berdasarkan perencanaan yang telah dilakukan, alih fungsi lahan di Kota Serang akan mencapai 1863,20 ha, pengurangan lahan pertanian pada perubahan RTRW seluas 838,2 ha, merupakan ancaman terhadap terjadinya alih fungsi lahan, terutama di Kecamatan Kasemen karena dalam perubahan RTRW Kecamatan Kasemen dari semula bukan kawasan industry kini menjadi sebagian kawasan industry, akan berdampak buruk bagi lahan pertanian di Kota Serang. Pengendalian alih fungsi lahan dapat dilakukan dengan kebijakan pemerintah yang mencakup pengendalian rencana tata ruang yaitu perizinan, insentif dan disensitif, regulasi dan sanksi, penyusunan dan penetapan RDTL dan peraturan zonasi Kota Serang, melaksanakan Undang-undang Nomor 41 Tahun 2009 tentang Lahan Pertanian Pangan Berkelanjutan (LP2B), pembatasan pemberian izin mendirikan bangunan (IMB) dan tidak mengeluarkan IMB pada lahan pertanian, pemberian IMB sebaiknya diberikan untuk lahan yang bukan lahan pertanian, memberikan intensif kepada masyarakat yang tidak mengalihfungsikan lahan pertanian dan memberikan sanksi bagi masyarakat yang mengalihfungsikan lahan pertaniannya.