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Persepsi Remaja Nonperokok terhadap Pictorial Health Warnings di Kota Gorontalo Sapiun, Zulfiayu; Goi, Misrawatie; Herawati, Lucky
Media Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Vol 27, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22435/mpk.v27i3.5580.141-152

Abstract

The 13-15 year old male smoker increased from 23.4% in 2007 to 29.3% in 2013. Meanwhile, the age of the initial smoker begin to shift from 15-24 years to 10-14 years. To anticipate the rate of increase in the number of smokers, especially in the younger generation, the Indonesian Government has obliged tobacco companies to include Pictorial Health Warnings (PHW) on the cigarette packaging they produce. PHW is an image contained in cigarette packaging that contains about smoking can causes cancer of the mouth, throat, lungs/bronchitis chronic; death, and endanger small children. This study aims to identify characteristics, knowledge, and perception of non-smoker teenagers to PHW and the relationship between variables. The study design was cross-sectional with non-smoking male teen research population of 2,473 people. As for the sample of 219 people selected by stratified random sampling. The research variables are characteristic, knowledge, and perception toward PHW. Data analysis used Chi-squared for bivariate and logistic regression for multivariate. The results showed 86.8% respondents had good knowledge and 71.7% had very good perception about PHW although 69.9% of their parents were smokers. There is a significant relationship between knowledge and perception of PHW in non-smoker teenagers.AbstrakRemaja laki-laki usia 13-15 tahun yang merokok meningkat dari 23,4% pada tahun 2007 menjadi 29,3% pada tahun 2013. Sementara itu, usia perokok awal mulai bergeser dari 15-24 tahun menjadi 10-14 tahun. Untuk membendung laju kenaikan jumlah perokok, khususnya pada generasi muda, pemerintah Indonesia telah mewajibkan perusahaan rokok untuk mencantumkan Pictorial Health Warnings (PHW) pada kemasan rokok yang mereka produksi. PHW adalah gambar yang terdapat dalam kemasan rokok yang memuat tentang merokok dapat menyebabkan kanker mulut, tenggorokan, paru-paru/bronkitis kronis; kematian; dan membahayakan anak kecil. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi karakteristik, pengetahuan, dan persepsi remaja nonperokok terhadap PHW serta hubungan antarvariabel. Desain penelitian adalah potong lintang dengan populasi penelitian remaja laki-laki nonperokok sebanyak 2.473 orang. Adapun sampel penelitian sebanyak 219 orang yang dipilih secara stratified random sampling. Variabel penelitian berupa karakteristik, pengetahuan, dan persepsi terhadap PHW. Analisis data menggunakan Chi kuadrat untuk bivariat dan regresi logistik untuk multivariat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 86,8% responden memiliki pengetahuan baik dan 71,7%memiliki persepsi sangat baik tentang PHW walaupun 69,9% dari orang tua mereka adalah perokok.Terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara pengetahuan dengan persepsi terhadap PHW pada remaja nonperokok.
KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, AND IMPLEMENTATION OF COLD CHAIN MANAGEMENT IN BOALEMO DISTRICT, GORONTALO, INDONESIA Pangalo, Paulus; Sapiun, Zulfiayu; Ischak, Wenny Inno; Goi, Misrawatie; Hartati, Hartati
Journal of Health Policy and Management Vol 5, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (246.15 KB)

Abstract

Background: Children's health is a priority in health development with the goal of reducing child mortality. So far, high immunization coverage does not guarantee the emergence of diseases that can be prevented by immunization (PD3I). Cold Chain Management is a system used to store vaccines in good condition which refers to the vaccine supply chain for the immunization procurement chain. The purpose of this study was to examine the relation­ship of knowledge, attitude, and implementation of cold chain management.Subjects and Method: This was a cross sec­tional study conducted at 11 health centers in Boa­­lemo District, Gorontalo, Indonesia, in Sep­tem­ber 2018. A sample of 34 health officers was selected purposively. The dependent variable was cold chain management. The independent variables were knowledge and attitude. The data were collected by questionnaire and observation sheets. The data were analyzed by Chi square.Results: High knowledge increased positive atti­tude toward implementation of cold chain mana­ge­ment (OR= 5.87; p= 0.061). High knowledge (OR= 2.17; p= 0.448) and positive attitude (OR= 2.69; p= 0.405) increased implementation of cold chain management, but they were statistically non-significant.Conclusion: High knowledge and positive atti­tude increase implementation of cold chain managementKeywords: cold chain management, vaccine, knowledge, attitudeCorrespondence: Zulfiayu Sapiun. Department of Pharmacy, Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health Gorontalo.Jl. Taman Pendidikan 36, Gorontalo 96123, Indonesia. Email: zulfiayu@poltekkesorontalo.ac.id. Mobile: 081244521639Journal of Health Policy and Management (2020), 05(02): 139-145https://doi.org/10.26911/thejhpm.2020.05.02.06