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KEJADIAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DAN KERENTANAN LARVA NYAMUK Aedes spp DI KECAMATAN LUBUK BASUNG Putri, Novia Wirna
Jurnal Endurance Vol 3, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Endurance: Kajian Ilmiah Problema Kesehatan
Publisher : Lembaga Layanan Pendidikan Tinggi (LLDIKTI) Wilayah X

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (217.334 KB) | DOI: 10.22216/jen.v3i2.1714

Abstract

Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is an acute febrile infectious disease caused by four virus serotypes of the genus Flavivirus that is transmitted to humans through the bites of infected Aedes mosquitoes.Lubuk Basung District is a DHF endemic with the most number of cases, namely 91 cases. The purpose is to analyze the environmental risk factors and to determine a description susceptibility of Aedes larvae in Lubuk Basung District. The study is an observational analytic with case-control design. The sample size was 81 cases and 81 control. The research was conducted in the Lubuk Basung District. Bivariate analysis result showed that the habit of hanging clothes (p=0,000 ; OR = 3,44 ; CI 95 % = 1,60–8,23), and the habit of not using mosquito repellent had a significant correlation with incidence of dengue (p = 0,026 ; OR = 2,07 ; CI 95 % = 1,08–4,12).  The results of susceptibility testing larvae in Lubuk Basung District included in the vulnerable category that is>98%. Conclusion is the habit of hanging clothes, the habit of not using mosquito repellent were risk factor of DHF in Lubuk Basung District.Demam Berdarah Dengue (DBD) adalah penyakit infeksi demam akut yang disebabkan oleh empat serotipe virus dari genus Flavivirus yang ditularkan melalui gigitan nyamuk Aedes spp yang terinfeksi. Kecamatan Lubuk Basung merupakan kecamatan endemis DBD dengan jumlah kasus terbanyak pada tahun 2014 yaitu 91 kasus. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk menganalisis faktor risiko lingkungan dan mengetahui gambaran kerentanan larva nyamuk Aedes spp di Kecamatan Lubuk Basung Kabupaten Agam.Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional analitik menggunakan rancangan studi kasus kontrol dengan responden sebanyak 81 kasus dan 81 kontrol. Hasil analisis statistik menunjukkan variabel yang bermakna terhadap kejadian DBD di Kecamatan Lubuk Basung adalah kebiasaan menggantung pakaian (p=0,000 ; OR = 3,44 ;dan CI 95 % = 1,60–8,23), dan kebiasaan menggunakan obat anti nyamuk (p = 0,026 ; OR = 2,07 ; dan CI 95 % = 1,08–4,12). Hasil uji kerentanan larva di kelima Nagari Kecamatan Lubuk Basung termasuk dalam kategori rentan yaitu >98 %. Kesimpulan penelitian adalah ada hubungan kebiasaan menggantung pakaian dan kebiasaan menggunakan obat anti nyamuk dengan kejadian DBD di Kecamatan Lubuk Basung.
GAMBARAN PARTISIPASI MASYARAKAT DALAM PROGRAM PENGENDALIAN VEKTOR DBD DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS AIR DINGIN Putri, Novia Wirna; Huvaid, Sevilla Ukhtil
Jurnal Riset Hesti Medan Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Akademi Keperawatan Kesdam I/Bukit Barisan Medan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (389.457 KB) | DOI: 10.34008/jurhesti.v3i2.44

Abstract

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is one of the important public health problems in Indonesia. Cases of dengue fever in the city of Padang in 2015 experienced a significant increase in the amount of 1,126 cases (IR = 124.8 per 100,000 population) with a total death of 8 people (CFR = 0.7%). The Cold Water Health Center is one of the health centers in the city of Padang with a work area that has a significant increase in dengue cases in 2015 with an IR of 361.5 per 100,000 population. The research objective was to analyze community participation in the DHF vector control program in the working area of the Cold Water Health Center in Padang City in 2018. This type of research was descriptive research. The sample is 99 people taken by proportional random sampling technique. Data analysis includes univariate analysis of community participation in vector control, namely environmental modification, environmental manipulation, physical control, chemical control, biological control and the existence of larvae. The results showed that 52.5% of respondents were larvae positive, 32.3% of respondents belonged to the bad category of environmental modification, 58.6% of respondents belong to the bad category of environmental manipulation, amounting to 30.3% of respondents classified in the bad category is physical control, 78.8% of respondents belong to the bad category of chemical control, and 35.4% of respondents belong to the bad category of biological control in the DHF vector control program in the working area of the Cold Water Health Center. It is recommended to the Air Dingin Health Center to be able to socialize to the public regarding DHF vector control programs both in aspects of environmental modification, environmental manipulation, physical, chemical and biological control.Keyword: DBD, vector, environment