Septia Mahen, Ea Cahya
Institut Teknologi Bandung

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Pengaruh Perbandingan Molaritas Prekursor terhadap Fotoluminesensi BCNO yang Disintesis dengan Metode Hidrotermal Septia Mahen, Ea Cahya; Nuryadin, Bebeh Wahid Nuryadin Wahid; Iskandar, Ferry; Abdullah, Mikrajuddin; Khairurrijal, Khairurrijal
Jurnal Matematika dan Sains Vol 18 No 3 (2013)
Publisher : Institut Teknologi Bandung

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Abstract

Abstrak Fosfor BCNO yang terdispersi pada likuid telah berhasil disintesis menggunakan metode hidrotermal. Bahan dasar (prekursor) yang digunakan adalah asam borat [B(OH)3] sebagai sumber boron, urea [(NH2)2CO] sebagai sumber nitrogen, dan asam sitrat (C6H8O7)sebagai sumber karbon. Dalam penelitian ini, telah dilakukan variasi rasio molar nitrogen terhadap boron (N/B) dan rasio molar karbon terhadap boron (C/B) dan pengaruhnya terhadap pendaran fosfor BCNO yang dihasilkan. Hasil karakterisasi spektrum fotoluminesen dari sampel yang dibuat menunjukkan bahwa pendaran fosfor BCNO mempunyai puncak emisi tunggal disekitar warna biru (~450 nm) ketika dieksitasi dengan sinar UV(365 nm). Intensitas pendaran dipengaruhi oleh kadar karbon terhadap kandungan boron (C/B) dan kadar nitrogen terhadap kandungan boron (N/B). Penambahan kadar karbon dan nitrogen diketahui dapat meningkatkan intensitas pendaran. Sedangkan intensitas optimum pendaran fosfor BCNO dicapai pada saat ratio molar C/B = 1 dan N/B =20. Kata kunci: Fosfor BCNO, Spektrum fotoluminesen, Metode hidrotermal. Influence of Precursor Molar Ratio on the BCNO Photoluminescence synthesized by Hydrothermal Method Abstract BCNO phosphor which is dispersed into liquid has been successfully synthesized by using hydrothermal method. The precursor consists of the borate acid [B(OH)3] as boron source, urea [(NH2)2CO] as nitrogen source, and citric acid (C6H8O7) as carbon source. In this research, molar ratio variations of nitrogen and carbonĀ  towards boron (N/B and C/B), and their influence on resulted BCNO phosphor luminescence were done. The characterization results of the sample shows the single peak of BCNO phorphorous luminescence around blue color (~450 nm) on the photoluminescence spectrum, when excited by UV light (365nm). The photoluminescence intensity was affected by the ratio N/B and C/B. The increase of carbon and nitrogen ratio can increase the photoluminescence intensity. The optimum intensity of BCNO phosphor photoluminescence was obtained at the molar ratio N/B = 20 and C/B =1. Keywords : BCNO phosphor, Photoluminescence spectrum, Hydrothermal method.