Harahap, Sari Leyli
Indonesian Pediatric Society

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Review of Hepatitis B Vaccination in Children of Workers of an Oil & Gas Industry in Lho'seumawe and Lho'sukon, North Aceh Harahap, Chairul Adillah; Harahap, Sari Leyli; Lubis, Chairuddin P.; Judin, Ahmad
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 34 No 7-8 (1994): July - August 1994
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (503.511 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi34.7-8.1994.209-15

Abstract

We describe a retrospective study on hepatitis-B immunization in the Indonesian workers' children of Mobil-Oil Indonesia Lho' Seumawe and Lho'sukon, North Aceh. Data were obtained from medical records and included all children in the 0-15 years age group who had been immunized against hepatitis B types and schedules of vaccines, pre-immunization seromarkers, and anti HBsAb after the third immunization were recorded. For hundred and twenty children had received three doses of,hepatitis B vaccines; 180 children had them at 0, 1 and 2 months and the rest at 0, 1 and 6 months. Type of vaccine used was hunian plasma derived vaccine with a dosage of 5 µg per shot All of them (except the newborns) were tested and had seromarkers negative to hepatitis 8 infection prior to immunization. Testing for immune response (HBsAb) 2-6 months after the third immunization could only be done in 213 children, where 168 (78.9%) showed HBsAb titer> 10 miU/ml, 5 (2,30Al) had HBsAb < 10 miU/ml, and the remaining 40 (18,8%) showed no seroconversion. Of those 40 children who did not seroconversed, 31 were given a fourth dose, and 14 children were retested for their HBsAb titre. Seven children had positive responses and the rest remained negative.
Association between Acid-Base Balance and Asphyxia in Newborn Infants Harahap, Sari Leyli; Harahap, Chairul Adillah; Sulastri, Sri; Yoel, Chairul; Raid, Noersida
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 34 No 1-2 (1994): January - February 1994
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (421.241 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi34.1-2.1994.38-43

Abstract

We performed a prospective study on the association between acid-base balance and asphyxta based on Apgar scores in 45 newborn babies admitted to the Division of Perinatology, Pirngadi Hospital, Medan, from January 1 to February 28, 1993. Blood gas analysis was done on blood obtained from umbilical artery. Based on 1st and 5th minutes Apgar scores, 40 (88.9%) and 21 babies (46.7%}, respectively, had asphyxia. Relation to acid-base balance was determined with the sensitivity of the 5th minute Apgar score in predicting acidotic states. It was found that Apgar score had sensitivity of 57.7% and specificity of 68.4% in predicting the acidotic states. Apgar score of > 7 was unable to. exclude the possible acidosis in 45% of cases (negative predictive value 54.1%). Gestational age had no influence on Apgar Scores. Apgar score was more sensitive to eliminate suspected acidosis in term neonates than in preterms. We recommend to perform umbilical arterial blood gas analysis to determine acidotic state in high risk newborn infants.
Parents' Knowledge on Diarrhea in a Plantation Area Arizal, Arizal; Antoni, Ali; Harahap, Sari Leyli; Sinuhaji, Atan Baas; Sutanto, A. H.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 34 No 5-6 (1994): May - June 1994
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (404.244 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi34.5-6.1994.149-53

Abstract

The parents' knowledge on diarrhea was evaluated by a cross sectional study in Balirnbingan plantation PTP Vlll Kabupaten Simalungunon December 18-19, 1992. The study was conducted by providing questionnaires to 216 parents of infants and children with diarrhea. Most parents (97.2%) knew that diarrhea was a disease, wbile six of them (2.SOA>) thought that diarrhea was not a disease but was associated with the increase level of intelligence or teeth eruption. Seventy-five percent of parents thought that fluid and electrolyte ought to be given to children with diarrhea, and 16.5 % thought to give anti-diarrheal drugs or traditional medicaments. Fluid and electrolytes were given as an initial treatment for diarrhea by most of the parents (69%). Eight per cent of parents gave diarrheal drugs and 12% used traditional medicaments. They got oral electrolyte solution (OES) from the health workers (63.3%) or from the dispensaries or drug stores (36.7%). Most of the parents (53.7%) thought that OES was useful to stop diarrhea. Only 30.3% knew that OES was used as the substitute of fluid loss, 16% thought it was to cure for stomach ache. As many as 57.4% parents knew diarrhea as an infectious disease and 57.4 % knew how to prevent it. Most of them knew that environmental sanitation could prevent the disease (23.3%). Food and beverages were known as vehicle of infections by 37.5% parents.