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Journal : JURNAL IQTISAD: Reconstruction of Justice and Welfare for Indonesia

Jurnal Iqtisad Vol 4, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Wahid Hasyim Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31942/iq.v4i1.2000


AbstrakEtika bisnis yang dilakukan oleh Nabi Muhammad menjadi menarik untuk dikaji, beliau yang hidup dalam masyarakat Arab bercorak ke-jahiliyyah-an berhasil menerapkan nilai-nilai etika, sebuah kesuksesan luar biasa. Melihat latar belakang kesuksesan Nabi Muhammad dalam berbisnis, sehingga kita patut meneliti, pertama, etika bisnis yang dijalankan Nabi Muhammad. Kedua, serta dalam sektor marketing yang beliau lakukan, karena marketing merupakan ini dari sebuah bisnis. Penulis menggunakan metodologi kualitatif dengan pendekatan sejarah. Penulis mencoba menguak fakta sejarah dibalik kesuksesan Nabi Muhammad dalam berbisnis. Melalui pendekatan sejarah diharapkan dapat memberi gambaran tentang etika bisnis dan marketing yang dipraktekkan oleh Nabi Muhammad. Dengan menggunakan pendekatan sejarah telah membuktikan bahwa; pertama, Nabi Muhammad adalah pedagang sukses, proses panjang yang telah beliau jalani menjadi tuntunan bagi umat manusia untuk meneladani etika bisnis beliau dalam kehidupan sehari-harinya. Pengalamannya sebagai seorang pedagang Nabi Muhammad dapatkan jauh sebelum beliau diutus oleh Allah swt menjadi Nabi dan Rasul. Dan kemudian dari beberapa pengalaman Nabi Muhammad dilegislasikan dalam bentuk sabda setelah beliau diutus. Kedua, Dalam praktek-prakteknya beliau selalu menjunjung tinggi kemanusiaan dan tidak hanya duniawi oriented. Beliau selalu menjaga sifat jujur, ikhlas, profesional, silaturrahim dan murah hati dalam semua aktifitasnya terutama dalam bisnisnya.Keywords: etika, bisnis, dan Muhammad Abstract Business ethics conducted by the Prophet Muhammad became interesting to be studied, he was living in Arab society patterned the jahiliyyah-an successfully applied ethical values. So it can reap a tremendous success. By looking at the background of the Prophet Muhammad's success in business, we should examine, firstly, the business ethics of Prophet Muhammad carried. Secondly, in the marketing sector that he did, because marketing is this form a business. The author uses a qualitative methodology with a historical approach. The author tries to uncover the historical facts behind the success of the Prophet Muhammad in business. Using the historical approach is expected to give an overview of business ethics and marketing practiced by the Prophet Muhammad. Using the historical approach has proved that; first, the Prophet Muhammad is a successful trader, the long process he has undergone as a guide for mankind to emulate his business ethics in his daily life. His experience as a trader of the Prophet Muhammad got long before he was sent by Allah swt to be Prophet and Messenger. And then from some experiences the Prophet Muhammad was legislated in the form of the word after he was sent. Secondly, In his practices he always upholds humanity and is not only worldly oriented. He always maintain the nature of honest, sincere, professional, silaturrahim and generous in all his activities, especially in business.Keyword: etic, business and Muhammad
Analisis Hukum Islam Tentang Pendistribusian Zakat Fitrah oleh Takmir Masjid At-Taqwa Terhadap Gharim yang Hutangnya untuk Lembaga A Saiful Aziz; Subhan Subhan; Ubbadul Adzkiya'
Jurnal Iqtisad Vol 8, No 2 (2021): Jurnal Iqtisad
Publisher : Universitas Wahid Hasyim Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31942/iq.v8i2.5615


This study describes how the implementation of zakat fitrah management at the At-Taqwa Mosque, Pamedaran Village, Brebes Town, and to find out the analysis of Islamic law on the distribution of zakat fitrah to people who have debts to institutions. This research was conducted with a qualitative method and a descriptive approach. The conclusion of the study shows: (1) Management of zakat fitrah at the At-Taqwa Mosque begins with planning through deliberations of leaders and amil on D-3 Eid al-Fitr and carried out on D-1 Eid al-Fitr with the time of collecting zakat fitrah from after dawn prayer until before prayer Asr, then the amil calculates the amount of zakat fitrah that has been collected, then distributes it to asnaf in the At-Taqwa Mosque environment, namely asnaf indigent, poor, amil, fisabilillah and gharim. (2) The distribution of zakat fitrah carried out by the takmir of the At-Taqwa Mosque in Pamedaran Village to gharim whose debts to institutions are not in accordance with Islamic law, because what is meant by gharim according to the four schools of thought is a person who is in debt and it is an obligation for him to pay the debt, while in this case the person who is considered a gharim is only an intermediary for the debt and the real owner of the debt is the institution/mosque.
Zakat Fitrah kepada Dukun Bayi dalam Perspektif Hukum Islam Moh Taufik Hidayat; Tri Handayani; Ubbadul Adzkiya
Jurnal Iqtisad Vol 8, No 1 (2021): Jurnal Iqtisad
Publisher : Universitas Wahid Hasyim Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31942/iq.v8i1.4570


The implementation of zakat fitrah is generally left to the amil zakat, so that the practice of zakat goes well according to the guidance of Islamic law, meaning that muzakki pays zakat really mustahik also receive according to conditions as a group that is entitled to receive zakat fitrah. The zakat fitrah manager in Lipursari Village, residents who have children under the age of 2 years, issue zakat directly to their dukun and not through the zakat fitrah manager (Amil) at the local mosque. The focus in this article is to describe the practice of distributing zakat fitrah to traditional birth attendants, how Islamic law views the practice of distributing zakat fitrah to traditional birth attendants, and the obstacles that occur in the distribution of zakat. The type of research carried out by researchers is field research or field research conducted in the village of Lipursari. The author uses data collection methods, namely interviews. Sources of data in this study are sourced from primary data and secondary data sources. Then the writer analyzed using descriptive analysis method using a qualitative approach. The results showed: The practice of Zakat Fitrah to traditional birth attendants in the village of Lipursari was not in accordance with the Zakat Law no. 23 of 2011. However, the distribution of zakat fitrah is allowed, it is because one of the customs that is running or carried out by the local community has existed for a long time and has been passed down from generation to generation. The traditional birth attendant in the village of Lipursari is included in the group of people who are entitled to receive zakat fitrah. This is because the people in Lipursasi village are mostly farmers, so the traditional birth attendants do not burden the local community to give large amounts of wages, because basically the traditional birth attendant has the principle of ta'awun or help for the common welfare.
Addressing the Relationship between Area-based Management Tools (ABMTs) Including Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) and the Right of the Adjacent Coastal State to the High Seas: Recent Discussion and Suggestion Firdos Firdos; Ubbadul Adzkiya’
Jurnal Iqtisad Vol 7, No 1 (2020): IQTISAD
Publisher : Universitas Wahid Hasyim Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31942/iq.v7i1.3463


Abstract Marine biodiversity beyond areas national jurisdiction (BBNJ) are characterized by high diversity of life and ecosystem and played central role in maintaining and supporting life on earth. Nevertheless, in recent times a number of factors have increasingly brought about considerable damage, at an increasing pace, to the marine ecosystem and biodiversity. And currently there are no specific rules governing this marine environment on the BBNJ. Therefore, in 2004 The United Nation General Assembly (UNGA) created the Ad Hoc Open-ended Informal Working Group to study issues relating to the conservation and sustainable use of BBNJ. With the process initiated by UNGA Resolution 69/292 of 19 June 2015, the General Assembly decided to develop an international legally binding instrument (ILBI) under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea on conservation and sustainable use of BBNJ. The paper contains the current discussion on the development of the new international legally binding instrument (ILBI) for conservation and sustainable use of BBNJ. It discusses on going mechanisms to address issues related to the package agreed in 2011, specifically on the measures such as area-based management tools (ABMTs), including marine protected areas (MPAs). More specifically,this paper discusses on the relationship between instrument and the rights of coastal States over all areas under their jurisdiction, including continental shelf within and beyond 200 nautical miles and the exclusive economic zone. The paper concludes that there is a need for further cooperation and coordination in developing and implementing ABMTs including MPAs under new ILBI with the right of the coastal states over all areas under their jurisdiction. The paper also addressing the concept of due regard, adjacency, compatibility, and the right of the coastal state. This four concept can be used for the basic guideline in relationship between ABMTs including MPAs with costal States adjacent to the area beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ).