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Perbandingan Perhitungan Perencanaan Tebal Perkerasan Jalan Lentur Dengan Dua Metode Pada Jalan Simpang Fajar – Lintas Bono Kabupaten Pelalawan Mildawati, Roza
JURNAL SAINTIS Vol 17 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : UIR Press

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Abstract

[ID] Kabupaten Pelalawan memprioritaskan pembangunan pada sektor transportasi darat dengan memperluas jaringan jalan, hingga menuju pelosok-pelosok desa yang selama ini masih terisolir sebagai akibatnya ketidaklancaran transportasi dan pertumbuhan ekonomi masyarakat didaerah tersebut. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui jumlah lalu lintas harian rata-rata yang melalui jalan perkerasan lentur Simpang Fajar – Lintas Bono Kabupaten Pelalawan dan membandingkan tebal perkerasan lentur pada ruas jalan Simpang Fajar – Lintas Bono Kabupaten Pelalawan dengan menggunakan Metode Pt.T 01-2002 B dan Metode Bina Marga (analisa komponen 1987). Pada penelitian ini menghitung perkerasan lentur dengan menggunakan Metode Pt.T 01-2002 B dan Metode Analisa Komponen 1987 yang sesuai dengan tujuan penelitian dengan mempertimbangkan kondisi tanah dan lingkungan sekitar, menghitung besar tingkat pertumbuhan lalu lintas pada ruas jalan Simpang Fajar –Lintas Bono Kabupaten Pelalawan. Berdasarkan hasil analisa data lalu lintas tahun 2016 didapat besar persentase pertumbuhan lalu lintas pada ruas jalan Simpang Fajar –Lintas Bono Kabupaten Pelalawan adalah ( i ) = 4.7 %. Berdasarkan penelitian yang dilakukan didapat LHR untuk analisa lalu lintas harian rata-rata pada hari senin, rabu, jumat dan minggu pada ruas Jalan Simpang Fajar – Lintas Bono dengan total LHR pada tahun 2015 sebesar 1678 (kend/hari/2 arah) dan tahun 2016 yang berjumlah 1777 (kend/hari/2 arah). Untuk hasil analisa Metode Pt.T 01-2002 B diperoleh total tebal perkerasan 50 cm dengan D1 = 8 cm, D2 = 11 cm, D3 = 31 cm dan untuk Metode Analisa Komponen 1987 diperoleh total tebal perkerasan 58.5 dengan D1 = 7.5 cm, D2 = 15 cm, D3 = 36 cm. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian penulis mengambil kesimpulan bahwa Metode Pt.T 01-2002 B lebih sesuai dengan standart yang digunakan karena Metode Pt.T 01-2002 B sudah memperhitungkan koefisien drainase. [EN] Pelalawan Regency prioritizes the development of the land transportation sector by expanding the road network, to the remote areas of the village that has been isolated as a result of the lack of transportation to the area. The purpose of this research is to know the average daily traffic quantity through the flexible pavement road of Simpang Fajar - Lintas Bono Pelalawan Regency and compare the thickness of the flexible pavement on Simpang Fajar - Lintas Bono Road in Pelalawan Regency using Pt.T 01-2002 B and the DGH method (component analysis 1987). In this study, calculate the flexible pavement using Method Pt.T 01-2002 B and Component Analyzer Method 1987 in accordance with the objectives of the study by considering the condition of the soil and the surrounding environment, calculate the level of traffic growth on Simpang Fajar -Lintas Bono, Pelalawan.Based on the results of traffic data analysis in 2016 obtained a large percentage of traffic growth on the road Simpang Fajar -Lintas Bono Pelalawan District is (i) = 4.7%. Based on the research, LHR obtained for daily traffic analysis on Monday, Wednesday, Friday and Sunday at Simpang Fajar - Lintas Bono with total LHR in 2015 of 1678 (kend / hari / 2 arah) and 2016 which amounted to 1758 (kend / hari / 2 direction). For the result of Pt.T 01-2002 B method, the total of pavement thickness 50 cm with D1 = 8 cm, D2 = 11 cm, D3 = 31 cm and for Component Analyzer Method 1987 obtained total thickness of pavement 58.5 with D1 = 7.5 cm, D2 = 15 cm, D3 = 36 cm. Based on the results of research the authors conclude that the method Pt.T 01-2002 B more in accordance with the standard used because the method Pt.T 01-2002B has taken into account the drainage coefficient.
Analisa Kebutuhan Ruang Parkir Di Bandar Udara Raja Haji Fisabilillah Tanjungpinang Kepulauan Riau Saputra, Edison; Harmiyati, Harmiyati; Mildawati, Roza
JURNAL SAINTIS Vol 17 No 1 (2017)
Publisher : UIR Press

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Seiring dengan meningkatnya pertumbuhan ekonomi global membawa dampak akan kebutuhan sarana transportasi udara, hal ini menyebabkan jumlah rute penerbangan menjadi meningkat. Adapun salah satu sarana fisik dibandara Raja Haji Fisabilillah adalah sarana parkir. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui karakteristik parkir dan luas kebutuhan parkir pada Bandara Raja Haji Fisabilillah Tanjungpinang.               Metode penelitian yang digunakan menggunakan pedoman dari Dirjen Perhubungan Darat tahun 1996 dan perhitungan karakteristik kendaraan yaitu: akumulasi, turn over, indek parkir, rata-rata parkir dan luas kebutuhan parkir. Penelitian ini dilakukan selama 7 hari dimulai pada pukul 05.00 WIB sampai dengan pukul 21:00 WIB. Dari hasil analisis diperoleh karakteristik parkir kendaraan roda empat yaitu: akumulasi parkir tertinggi sebanyak 63 kend/jam, durasi parkir tertinggi sebesar 1,779 kend/jam, turn over tertinggi sebesar 0,382 kend/jam, Indek parkir tertingi sebesar 25,301%, rata-rata parkir tertinggi sebesar 27,688 kend/jam. Luas lahan parkir yang dibutuhkan sebesar 748,11894 m² yaitu sekitar 63 SRP, sedangkan yang tersedia sebesar 2956,875 m² dari jumlah 249 SRP dan masih ada lahan sebesar 2208,756 m² yang dapat digunakan pada jam puncak. Karakteristik parkir kendaraan roda dua yaitu: akumulasi tertinggi sebanyak 46 kend/jam, durasi parkir tertinggi sebesar 1,727 kend/jam, turn over tertinggi sebesar 0,504 kend/jam, indek parkir tertinggi sebesar 39,316%, rata-rata parkir kendaraan roda dua tertinggi terjadi pada hari minggu 18 september 2016 sebesar 20,250 kend/jam. Luas lahan parkir yang dibutuhkan kendaraan roda dua sebesar 68,99958 m² yaitu sekitar 45 SRP, sedangkan yang tersedia sebesar 175,5 m² dari jumlah 117 SRP dan masih ada lahan sebesar 106,500 m² yang dapat digunakan pada jam puncak. Ditinjau dari karakteristik parkir, kebutuhan ruang parkir kendaraan roda empat dan kendaraan roda dua pada Bandara Raja Haji Fisabilillah masih dapat menampung permintaan.
Analisis Efektifitas Penggunan Excavator Long Arm dan Excavator Standart Arm Pada Kegiatan Normalisasi Sungai Muara Kelantan Kabupaten Siak Sri Indrapura Saputra, Rakhamat Danney; Mildawati, Roza
JURNAL SAINTIS Vol 16 No 2 (2016)
Publisher : UIR Press

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[ID] Perkembangan pembangunan di Provinsi Riau pada umumnya dan pada Kabupaten Siak Sri Indrapura khususnya sudah menunjukkan peningkatan yang cukup pesat dan menjanjikan. Selain gedung dan infrastruktur pendukung lainnya, Pemerintah Kabupaten Siak Sri Indrapura juga membangun saluran irigasi sekunder dan primer sebagai aliran untuk pertanian dan untuk pencegah banjir. Mengingat luas area galian di dua titik, sehingga tidak mungkin dikerjakan dengan menggunakan tenaga konvensional biasa, karena memerlukan waktu dan biaya yang sangat besar, maka di lakukan pemindahan tanah secara mekanis. Alat berat yang di gunakan yaitu excavator long arm dan excavator standart arm. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian pada pekerjaan normalisasi Sungai Muara Kelantan Kabupaten Siak dapat diketahui efektifitas dan hasil produktivitas,waktu, dan biaya. Dengan menggunakan alat excavator long arm untuk pekerjaan galian saluran sekunder diketahui total quantitas volume galian 130.290 M3. Besar biaya per jam yaitu Rp 514.360,- , maka total biaya yang diperlukan yaitu Rp Rp 579.683.720,- dan menggunakan excavator standart arm diketahui total quantitas volume galian 130.290m3, dengan besar biaya sewa per jam yaitu Rp 467.286 maka total biaya yang diperlukan Rp 549.528.336. Penggunaan alat excavator standart arm lebih efisien dari pada penggunaan  alat excavator standart arm. [EN] Development in Riau Province in general and on the Siak Sri Indrapura in particular has shown a considerable increase rapidly and promising. In addition to building and supporting infrastructure, the Government of Siak Sri Indrapura also build irrigation canals as a secondary and primary school for agriculture and for flood prevention. Given the area excavated at two points, so it can not be done with the use of conventional, because it takes time and a very large cost, then do earthmoving mechanically. Heavy equipment in use that long arm excavators and excavator standard arm. Based on the results of research on the work of the normalization of Muara Sungai Kelantan Siak knowable effectiveness and productivity gains, time, and cost. By using a long arm excavator for excavation work secondary channel known total volume quantities of excavation 130 290 M3. The cost per hour of USD 514 360, -, then the total cost needed is Rp Rp 579 683 720, - and using standard arm excavator known total 130.290m3 excavation volume quantities, with large hourly rental fee of USD 467 286, the total cost required USD 549 528 336. The use of standard arm excavator more efficient than the use of a standard excavator arm.
Evaluasi Keandalan Sistem Proteksi Kebakaran Pada Bangunan Gedung (Studi Kasus Gedung PT. PLN Wilayah Riau Dan Kepulauan Riau) Ruspianof, Arda Dwi Cahyo; Retno, Deddy Purnomo; Mildawati, Roza
JURNAL SAINTIS Vol 17 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : UIR Press

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[ID] Bangunan gedung merupakan wujud fisik dari hasil pekerjaan konstruksi yang menyatu dengan tempat kedudukannya, sebagian maupun seluruhnya berada di atas, di dalam tanah dan air, yang berfungsi sebagai hunian atau tempat tinggal, kegiatan keagamaan, kegiatan usaha, kegiatan sosial budaya, maupun kegiatan khusus. Faktor keselamatan menjadi persyaratan penting yang harus dipenuhi oleh suatu bangunan gedung (UURI,2002) Salah satu aspek keselamatan kerja tersebut adalah keselamatan dari bahaya kebakaran maupun ledakan. Kebakaran merupakan suatu peristiwa atau kejadian yang sangat merugikan semua pihak, baik pihak pengelola atau pengguna gedung, pemilik gedung, maupun masyarakat yang berada di sekitar gedung (UURI, 1970). Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode analisis deskriptif. Dimana untuk mendapatkan data yang dibutuhkan, dilakukan pengamatan langsung di lapangan. Komponen yang diidentifikasi yaitu kelengkapan tapak, sarana penyelamatan, sistem proteksi aktif dan sistem proteksi pasif. Pengamatan ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui ketersediaan alat proteksi dan Nilai Keandalan Sistem Keselamatan Bangunan (NKSKB) pada gedung PT. PLN Wilayah Riau dan Kepulauan Riau. Hasil dari penelitian ini menyatakan bahwa sistem proteksi kebakaran pada gedung PT. PLN Wilayah Riau dan Kepulauan Riau sebagian besar telah tersedia. Dengan nilai keandalan pada lantai dasar (87,878%), lantai 1 (87,878%), lantai 2 (87,878%), lantai 3 (87,878%), dan lantai 4 (87,878%). Sedangkan nilai keandalan pada gedung PT. PLN Wilayah Riau dan Kepulauan Riau sebesar 86,47%, hal ini berarti menurut Pd–T–11–2005–C nilai keandalan bangunan terhadap bahaya kebakaran adalah andal. [EN] Building is a physical manifestation of the work of construction that blends with its domicile, partly or wholly located above and / or in the soil and / or water, which serves as a dwelling or residence, religious activities, business activities, social culture activities, as well as special events. Safety factors become essential requirements that must be met by a building (Act No. 28 of 2002 Section 1 on Building). One aspect of the work safety is the safety of the danger of fire or explosion. Fire is an event or events that are very detrimental to all parties, either the manager or the user of the building, the owner of the building, and the people who were around the building (Act No. 1 of 1970 Chapter II Article 2 of the Scope of Work Safety). The method used in this research is descriptive analysis method. Where to get the required data, direct observation was conducted in the field. Components were identified as completeness footprint, rescue facilities, active protection system and passive protection system. These observations were made to check the availability of protective devices and Value of Building Safety System Reliability (NKSKB) on building the PT. PLN Region Riau and Riau Islands. The results of this study stated that the fire protection systems in buildings PT. PLN Riau and Riau Islands region has been largely unavailable. With the value on the ground floor (87.878%), 1st floor (87.878%), 2nd floor (87.878%), 3rd floor (87.878%), and the 4th floor (87.878%). While the value of reliability in building the PT. PLN Riau and Riau Islands region at 86.47%, which means according to the Pd-T-11-2005-C value of the reliability of the building against fire is reliably.
Perbandingan Kuat Tekan Dan Kuat Lentur Beton Mutu Tinggi Dengan Menggunakan Berbagai Merk Semen Di Kota Pekanbaru Mildawati, Roza
JURNAL SAINTIS Vol 18 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : UIR Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25299/saintis.2018.vol18(1).3195

Abstract

[ID] Concrete is a very popular building material used in the world of construction services, consisting of a mixture of Portland Cement (PC) or other hydraulic cement, fine aggregates, coarse aggregates and water, with or without using additional materials. The quality of materials such as cement also greatly affects the strength of the concrete after hardening, so the selection of cement quality must be in accordance with the concrete planning regulations in order to obtain optimal results. In Indonesia there are many new cement factories that produce to meet the needs of the community, one of which is the Conch brand cement. So in connection with the above, Conch cement can be examined to compare the value of compressive strength and flexural strength with old cement, namely cement Padang, Tiga Roda, Holcim and Bosowa which are generally always used in concrete planning at this time.The purpose of this study was to determine the comparison of compressive strength and flexural strength of the concrete and the multiplier between cement Padang, Three Wheels and Conch at 28 days of age. In this study using the method SNI 03-2834-2000. With cylindrical test specimens (150 mm x 300 mm) and size beams (150 mm x 150 mm x 600 mm) three specimens were made for each cement.The maximum concrete compressive strength is found in Padang cement with a compressive strength of 45.86 Mpa, for the minimum compressive strength found in Tiga Roda cement with compressive strength value of 40.19 Mpa and for the compressive strength of cement Conch there is a second with compressive strength value 42.84 Mpa. From the explanation above, the results of 28 days of concrete compressive strength with each cement brand still not reached the planned concrete compressive strength of 38 MPa. The maximum concrete flexural strength is found in Padang cement with a flexural strength value of 5.03 Mpa, for a minimum flexural strength value found in Tiga Roda cement with a flexural strength value of 3.96 Mpa and for the value of Conch cement compressive strength there is a second with flexural strength 4.43 Mpa. From the explanation above, the results of 28 days of concrete flexural strength with each cement brand that has not reached the 4.4 Mpa plan, namely the three-wheeled cement brand. [EN] Concrete is a very popular building material used in the world of construction services, consisting of a mixture of Portland Cement (PC) or other hydraulic cement, fine aggregates, coarse aggregates and water, with or without using additional materials. The quality of materials such as cement also greatly affects the strength of the concrete after hardening, so the selection of cement quality must be in accordance with the concrete planning regulations in order to obtain optimal results. In Indonesia there are many new cement factories that produce to meet the needs of the community, one of which is the Conch brand cement. So in connection with the above, Conch cement can be examined to compare the value of compressive strength and flexural strength with old cement, namely cement Padang, Tiga Roda, Holcim and Bosowa which are generally always used in concrete planning at this time.The purpose of this study was to determine the comparison of compressive strength and flexural strength of the concrete and the multiplier between cement Padang, Three Wheels and Conch at 28 days of age. In this study using the method SNI 03-2834-2000. With cylindrical test specimens (150 mm x 300 mm) and size beams (150 mm x 150 mm x 600 mm) three specimens were made for each cement.The maximum concrete compressive strength is found in Padang cement with a compressive strength of 45.86 Mpa, for the minimum compressive strength found in Tiga Roda cement with compressive strength value of 40.19 Mpa and for the compressive strength of cement Conch there is a second with compressive strength value 42.84 Mpa. From the explanation above, the results of 28 days of concrete compressive strength with each cement brand still not reached the planned concrete compressive strength of 38 MPa. The maximum concrete flexural strength is found in Padang cement with a flexural strength value of 5.03 Mpa, for a minimum flexural strength value found in Tiga Roda cement with a flexural strength value of 3.96 Mpa and for the value of Conch cement compressive strength there is a second with flexural strength 4.43 Mpa. From the explanation above, the results of 28 days of concrete flexural strength with each cement brand that has not reached the 4.4 Mpa plan, namely the three-wheeled cement brand.
Investigasi Numerik Perkerasan Jalan Sistem Pelat Terpaku terhadap Variasi Dimensi Struktur Puri, Anas; Mildawati, Roza
BENTANG : Jurnal Teoritis dan Terapan Bidang Rekayasa Sipil Vol 7 No 1 (2019): BENTANG Jurnal Teoritis dan Terapan Bidang Rekayasa Sipil
Publisher : Universitas Islam 45

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (944.035 KB) | DOI: 10.33558/bentang.v7i1.1594

Abstract

An innovation in rigid pavement engineering was developed by using Nailed-slab Pavement System. In this case, the rigid pavement is reinforced by short micro piles underneath to increase the performance of pavement on soft subgrade. In this paper%2
Pengaruh Dimensi Tiang Mini Dan Faktor Aman Terhadap Lendutan Pelat Terpaku Tiang Tunggal Oktavia, Ferly; Puri, Anas; Mildawati, Roza
JURNAL SAINTIS Vol 18 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : UIR Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25299/saintis.2018.vol18(2).3188

Abstract

[ID] Perkerasan Sistem Pelat Terpaku merupakan pengembangan Sistem Cakar Ayam yang berfungsi sebagai salah satu alternatif solusi untuk mengatasi permasalahan konstruksi jalan pada tanah lunak. Selain itu, kenaikan kapasitas dukung tanah dasar akibat pengaruh dukungan tiang-tiang pada pelat akan mengurangi kebutuhan tebal perkerasan beton dan memperkaku sistem perkerasan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari pengaruh diameter tiang masif dan faktor aman terhadap lendutan pelat terpaku tiang tunggal. Dimensi struktur pelat terpaku dan data material mengacu pada Puri (2017). Sistem ini dibebani dengan pembebanan tekan sentris. Perhitungan lendutan dan gaya dalam pelat menggunakan metode BoEF, berdasarkan tambahan modulus reaksi tanah dasar ekivalen yang dibandingkan dengan lendutan hasil pengamatan. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa besaran faktor aman mempengaruhi nilai lendutan hitungan. Lendutan hitungan meningkat dengan peningkatan faktor aman. Penggunaan faktor aman 1,0 memiliki pola lendutan mendekati lendutan pengamatan untuk tiang bulat. Analisis perhitungan lendutan dengan ukuran mini pile  yang semakin besar menghasilkan lendutan pelat yang semakin kecil. Variasi SF tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap momen pelat. [EN] The Nailed-Slab Pavement System is the development from the pavement of the Cakar Ayam System which as an alternative solution to solve the problem of road construction in soft soil. In addition, the increase in bearing capacity of the subgrade due to the influence of the poles support on the plate will reduce the need for thick concrete pavement and strengthen the pavement system. This study aims to learn the effect of massive pole diameter and safe factors on the deflection of single-pile Nailed Slab. The dimensions of the Nailed-slab structure and material refer to Puri (2017). This system is burdened with press centric loading. Calculation of deflection and force in plates uses the BoEF method, based on the additional modulus of the subgrade equivalent reaction which is compared to the deflection observed. The results of the analysis show that the magnitude of the safe factor affects the value of the deflection calcutation. This deflection  increases with an increase in safe factors. The use of the safe factor 1.0 has a deflection pattern that is closer to the observation deflection for the round pile. Analysis of the deflection calculation with the size of the mini pile which gets bigger results in a smaller slab deflection. SF variations have no significant effect on the plate moment.