Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam
Vol 6 No 2 (2016): December

Diskursus Walāyah dalam Pemikiran Mistik Ruzbihan Baqli dan Haydar Amuli

Fuad, Ahmad Nur (Unknown)

Article Info

Publish Date
01 Dec 2016


This article seeks to explore the mystical thoughts of two influential sufis, Ruzbihan Baqli and Haydar Amuli, on sainthood (walāyah). It argues that both sufis represent a typical flavor of Sufism, in that the former placed emphasis on Persianate cultural vocabularies, while the latter was characterized by the integration of Sufism and Shiism and the incorporation of the philosophical or metaphysical views of Ibn ‘Arabī into Imāmī Shī‘ī mysticism. Although Baqli was not the first to develop the concept of walāyah, his exposition of the issue exhibits a typically Persianate symbolism of sufism. His mystical experiences, based on his spiritual visions, confirm that the wali like him occupies a special status next to the prophets, and in particular the Prophet Muhammad. Amuli asserted that the seal of universal walāyah is ‘Alī b. Abī Ṭālib, and that the twelfth imam or the Mahdi was the seal of Muhammadan walāyah. This view is different from Ibn ‘Arabī’s that the seal of universal walāyah is Jesus. Both mystics’ views on walāyah can be traced back to their predecessors and their legacies can be revealed from the following sufis after both respectively.

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Religion Social Sciences


Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam (ISSN 2088-7957, E-ISSN 2442-871X) diterbitkan oleh Program Studi Filsafat Agama Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Filsafat Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya pada bulan Juni 2011. Jurnal ini terakreditasi pada 3 Juli 2014 sesuai Keputusan Menteri ...