Intertextuality is one of the contemporary reading theories that discusses texts that cannot be made on their own without relations and relations with other contemporary texts. Intertextuality reading can also be done in reading the Quran. MuqÃ¢til bin SulaymÃ¢n is one of the early interpreters who tried to apply intertextuality hermeneutics. The Quran is a continuation of and responds to the scriptures, so he does not hesitate to dialogue with the Quran with the Bible. Most intertextuality hermeneutics built by MuqÃ¢til can be accessed in two aspects. First, the aspects explain things that are not yet clear (mubham), like the names of the characters told in the Quran. Second, the aspect of emphasis is on the historicity and context of the verses of the Quran. This aspect was carried out by MuqÃ¢til by exploring the sources of religion that developed at that time. However, the criticism that needs to be addressed in the method used by MuqÃ¢til is the use of strict non-Islamic history. MuqÃ¢til tends not to notice the process of criticism or materialism in the science of the hadith.
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