Indonesian Journal of Geography
Vol 50, No 2 (2018): Indonesian Journal of Geography

Applying GIS in Analysing Black Spot Areas in Penang, Malaysia

Wan Muhammad Taufiq Wan Hussin (Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS))
Tarmiji Masron (Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS))
Mohd Norarshad Nordin (Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS))

Article Info

Publish Date
26 Dec 2018


This study aims to analyze fatal accident rate involving all vehicle types in the North East District of Penang. It covers fatal accident data within the duration of three years from 2011 till 2013. The primary objective is to analyze the spatial pattern and fatal accident black spot areas using Geographic Information System (GIS) application. Average Nearest Neighbor (ANN) tool is used to analyze fatal accident spatial pattern, while Kernel Density Estimation (KDE) method is utilized for fatal accident analysis. The Fatal Accident rates in 2011, 2012 and 2013 were the highest with each accounted up to 90, 88 and 91 cases. The result of ANN shows that the fatal accident pattern for 2011, 2012 and 2013 is clustered with null hypothesis rejected. The KDE analysis result shows that most fatal accident black spot areas happened at main road areas or segments.

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Journal Info





Earth & Planetary Sciences


Indonesian Journal of Geography ISSN 2354-9114 (online), ISSN 0024-9521 (print) is an international journal of Geography published by the Faculty of Geography, Universitas Gadjah Mada in collaboration with The Indonesian Geographers Association. Our scope of publications includes physical geography, ...