Journal Of Vocational Health Studies
Vol. 3 No. 2 (2019): November 2019 | JOURNAL OF VOCATIONAL HEALTH STUDIES

EOSINOPHILIA AS A PREDICTOR MORBIDITY OF SOIL- TRANSMITTED HELMINTHIASES AMONG WIDODAREN PLANTATION WORKERS IN JEMBER

Aditya Primadana (University of Jember)
Yudha Nurdian (University of Jember)
Dini Agustina (University of Jember)
Bagus Hermansyah (University of Jember)
Yunita Armiyanti (University of Jember)



Article Info

Publish Date
21 Dec 2019

Abstract

Background: Helminthiasis is a neglected tropical disease and still remain a health problem in tropical and sub-tropical countries, including Indonesia. According to WHO, approximately 1,5 billion people or 24% of the world’s population, are infected with Soil-Transmitted Helminth (STH). Morbidity is directly related to the intensity of STH infestation. Some of the studies shown a significant correlation between eosinophilia and helminthiasis. Eosinophilia on the blood smear examination may be used as a marker of STH infestation. Purpose: to determine the correlation between Soil-Transmitted Helminthiases and eosinophilia as a predictor of morbidity of STH infestation among Widodaren Plantation Workers in Jember. Methods: This observational analytical study use the Kato-Katz method to determine infestation of STH and its intensity measured by egg count per gram stool (EPG). Blood smear examination stained with Giemsa conduct to determine eosinophil count. Results: Prevalence of STH infestation was 22,7% (15/66). Ascaris lumbricoides infection was 13,6% (9/66) and Hookworm infection was 4,5% (3/66). There is mixed infection between A. lumbricoides and Hookworm, the prevalence was 4,5%% (3/66). All of the infection intensity was light. The prevalence of eosinophilia was 27,2% (18/66). There was a significant correlation between STH infection and eosinophilia (P=0,000) but, there was a very weak correlation between the intensity of STH infection and eosinophilia (r=0,281; p=0,258). Conclusion: The prevalence of STH infection among Widodaren Plantation Workers is 22,7% and predominated by A. lumbriocides. There is a positive correlation between intensity of STH infection and eosinophilia as predictor morbidity of STH infection with very weak power.

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Journal Info

Abbrev

JVHS

Publisher

Subject

Health Professions

Description

Journal Of Vocational Health Studies (J.Voc.HS), with registered number ISSN 2580-7161 (Print) and ISSN 2580-717X (Online), is a scientific journal published by Department Of Health, Faculty of Vocational Education, Universitas Airlangga. Journal of Vocational Health Studies publishes scientific ...