Food ScienTech Journal
Vol 1, No 2 (2019)

CHEMICAL AND SENSORY CHARACTERISTIC OF SORGHUM (Sorghum bicolor) TAPAI WITH TRADITIONAL PACKAGING

Putra, Andre Yusuf Trisna (Department of Food Technology Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jawa Timur)
Rosida, Rosida (Department of Food Technology Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jawa Timur)
Azmir, Khoirul (Department of Food Technology Universitas Pembangunan Nasional Veteran Jawa Timur)



Article Info

Publish Date
25 Dec 2019

Abstract

Tapai is one of the traditional food from Java island. Nowadays, traditional food is being ignored by people. Conserving traditional foods are needed. Processing into a variety of foods that has good nutrition can make traditional food exist. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)is a good source of carbohydrates, fibers, phenolic compounds, and antioxidant. However, it has not been fully utilized. Bitter taste, sandy texture and unpleasant aroma in sorghum cause people do not like. Therefore, this study aimed to develop tapai from sorghum. This study will focus on the evaluation of starch content, pH, acidity content, sugar content and sensory evaluation tapai made from varieties of sorghum and types of natural packaging. The method used in this study was the experimental method using a completely randomized factorial design consisting of two factors, variable of sorghum (white, red and brown sorghum) and types of natural packaging (banana leaf, pandanus leaf, and guava leaf) with two replications. Duncan's multiple range tests were performed with a 5% significance for statistical analysis. Results revealed that the highest starch content was 27,4% in tapai from brown sorghum with banana leaf packaging. Regarding sugar content, tapai from brown sorghum with banana leaf packaging had the highest result. Whereas, based on sensory evaluation, tapai from white sorghum with banana leaf packaging was the most favored by panelists. 

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Journal Info

Abbrev

fsj

Publisher

Subject

Agriculture, Biological Sciences & Forestry Biochemistry, Genetics & Molecular Biology Chemical Engineering, Chemistry & Bioengineering Control & Systems Engineering Immunology & microbiology

Description

FSJ is an open access, peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal dedicated to the publication of novel research in all aspects of Food Technology, with particular attention paid to the exploration and development of natural products derived from tropical—and especially Indonesian—biodiversity. ...