Pendidikan Sejarah
Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Mahasiwa Prodi Pendidikan Sejarah Wisuda Ke 48

DAMPAK KEBERADAAN TAMAN NASIONAL SIBERUT (TNS) TERHADAP KEHIDUPAN SOSIAL EKONOMI MASYARAKAT DESA SIMATALU (1993-2012)

Herman, Riki (Unknown)
Erawati, Meri (Unknown)
Kharles, Kharles (Unknown)



Article Info

Publish Date
09 Apr 2014

Abstract

This research aims to determine how the effects of the presence of Siberut National Park to the socio-economic life of the village community Simatalu . since the enactment of Siberut Island as a national park in 1993 result existence of two conflicting things between economic needs with conservation efforts . This study uses historical research meteode namely : (1) heuristic , (2) internal and external criticism , (3) interpretation and (4) the stage of writing a thesis result . the results showed that the presence of a national park in the village Simatalu since 1993-2012 are : (1) . The existence Siberut National Park as a form of a forest conservation movement from extinction as a support for the viability of the surrounding habitat . Siberut National Park was formed based because of the existence of a unique point on the island , both in terms of its forests are so vast plus it is supported by a wide variety of endemic species that are owned and supported by the lives of the people who have the unique culture that should be preserved . (2) . Simatalu rural life is always dependent on the natural surroundings without the control that is bound to make forests will become extinct and thus peoples lives will also be disrupted . Therefore, the establishment of the National Park in 1993 to give more control to people who live directly adjacent to the forest . (3) . Existence of National Parks in the area Simatalu make a change towards a better economy , but in terms of advancing the economic life of society can not be denied will result from threatened forests . This possibility can not be avoided because of the efforts in improving peoples lives depend on the surrounding forest . Nonetheless been an increase in the standard of living in the community perceived social skills , social status can at least be better than ever . The existence a national park in the village Simatalu not closed the possibility of changes in population density and social life at a better level. People who are not used to interact with the outside society is now open access to interact. Keyword: impact of the National Park

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