International Journal of Humanities and Innovation (IJHI)
Vol. 1 No. 1 (2018): March

Grammatical metaphor in academic texts of Indonesian students’ thesis

Mahmudah (Universitas Negeri Makassar, Makassar, 90221, Indonesia)
Hajrah (Universitas Negeri Makassar, Makassar 90221, Indonesia)
Arni Amir (Universitas Negeri Makassar, Makassar 90221, Indonesia)
Muhammad Ahkam Arifin (University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia)

Article Info

Publish Date
30 Mar 2018


The purpose of this research is to reveal the form and pattern of lexical shift either lexically or grammatically by (1) to describe the form of grammatical metaphor of academic text, and (2) to describe the pattern of lexical shift in academic texts. The type of this research is qualitative research using Functional Systemic Linguistic approach. The academic texts was analyzed using theory of M.A.K. Halliday. The data in this study are words, phrases, clauses, and sentences in academic texts that undergo lexical and sentence shifts. The data source in this research is thesis of Indonesian Language and Literature Study Program in the year of 2015. Data collection techniques are documentation, reading, and record technique. The results found forms of grammatical metaphor which include (1) nominalization, (2) groups of nouns, and (3) simplex phrases. The lexic shift patterns found in this study include: (1) verbs to nouns, (2) adjectives to nouns, (3) adverbs to nouns, and (4) nouns to nouns. 

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Journal Info





Humanities Education Social Sciences


International Journal of Humanities and Innovation (IJHI) is a peer-reviewed journal aims to publish innovative and high-quality articles covering topics in Arts and Humanities studies. The journal welcomes the paper submission of inventive and considerable contributions. Papers submitted which is ...