This paper describes social capital as one of the great strengths to solve economic problems in traditional fishing communities. The enormous potential of marine resources in Indonesia can be used as a basic capital to provide welfare for the fishing communities. In addition to that, the regulation of regional autonomy and the marine ministry’s policies should have encouraged the economic autonomy of fishing communities. However, the fact shows that these fishing communities still face many social problems such as unqualified human resources, the absence of an economic financing system, and both internal and external social conflicts. Related to the economic issues, their social capital will be established a very strong relationship between the fishing community with Dipo (Place to sell the fishermen’s fish). Capital provided by the Dipo is based on the trust between the two sides. The large number of Dipos will further encourage fishermen to work actively, and the selling price of fishing to become more competitive. Therefore, there will be no price monopoly by Dipo as the capital owner. Furthermore, it will have an impact on economic autonomy.
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