Jurnal Teknologi Industri Pertanian
Vol. 19 No. 2 (2009): Jurnal Teknologi Industri Pertanian

Deacidification And Decoloration (Jatropha Curcas L.) Using Membrane Microfiltration

Ika Amalia Kartika (Unknown)
Sri Yuliani (Unknown)
Dhiani Dyahjatmayanti (Unknown)



Article Info

Publish Date
18 May 2010

Abstract

This study focused on the deacidification and decoloration of crude jatropha oil using microfiltration membrane. The experiment was conducted with hydraulic-pressed jatropha oil and polypropylene (PP) membrane hollow fiber with a molecular weight cut-off (MWCO) of 0.01 μm and a permeation area of 1 m2. Several tests were carried out to define the best performance (permeate flux, free fatty acid reduction and clarity) by studying the influence of duration and frequency of backflush.  Permeate flux was low but remained stable for a long period.  No long-term fouling appeared during the membrane processing. The permeate flux increased with transmembrane pressure. In addition, the backflush treatment can recover and increase permeate flux.   The higher permeate flux of 8.42 l/m2.h was obtained under duration and frequency of backflush of 6 seconds and 15 times, respectively. Furthermore, microfiltration membrane was found to have a positive effect on color reduction, but was not affective for deacidification. Keyword:   Microfiltration, Polypropylene, Jatropha oil, Backflush.

Copyrights © 2009






Journal Info

Abbrev

jurnaltin

Publisher

Subject

Agriculture, Biological Sciences & Forestry Engineering Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering

Description

The development of science and technology in agriculture, has been instrumental in increasing the production of various agricultural commodities. But climate change is also uncertain world led to decreased agricultural productivity. World energy crisis resulted in higher prices of agricultural ...