The lack of employments in the home country has been the main reason why some Indonesian people choose to work abroad as an Indonesian migrant worker or Tenaga Kerja Indonesia (TKI). Unfortunately, most of them are not skilled, in other words, they do not possess adequate skills needed for work. However, they play a significant role in supporting their family economy and in contributing to foreign exchange earnings, although it is not comparable to what the country gives to them. Within the framework of improvement to the issue, Law No. 18 of 2017 on the Protection of Indonesian Migrant Workers has been implemented, which adopted Law No. 39 of 2004 on the Placement and Protection of Indonesian Migrant Workers Abroad. In the new Law, there are five main changes in the pattern of protection, which include decentralization of protection of the Indonesian migrant workers, significant roles of Labor Attache, PJTKI with only two functions (agent transfer and marketing), the Indonesian migrant workers’ insurance by government, and sanctions for violators of the law. Therefore, the spirit of the Law 18/2017 is to protect Indonesian migrant workers and their family in avoidance of humanitarian crimes they have been vulnerable to face from the departure process to the destination country.
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