Respiratory Science
Vol. 1 No. 2 (2021): Respiratory Science

Analysis of Vitamin D Levels on Bronchiectasis Severity

Yacob Arawamin Batkunde (Hasanuddin University)
Muhammad Ilyas (Hasanuddin University)
Irawaty Djaharuddin (Hasanuddin University)
Nur Ahmad Tabri (Hasanuddin University)
Harun Iskandar (Hasanuddin University)
Arif Santoso (Hasanuddin University)

Article Info

Publish Date
27 Feb 2021


Background: Bronchiectasis is a chronic disease caused by repeated infection and inflammation of the bronchial walls. Vitamin D plays a role secretion of antimicrobial peptide and inhibits release of pro-inflammatory cytokines in the lungs. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with exacerbations, severity and decreased lung function in bronchiectasis. Several studies have found an association between vitamin D levels and bronchiectasis severity. Methods: This study used cross-sectional study design with consecutive sampling method on bronchiectasis patients who enrolled outpatient and inpatient at Wahidin Sudirohusodo hospital in February - May 2020. All research procedures obtained the approval of the Health Research Ethics Commission, Medicine faculty, Hasanuddin University Makassar. Bronchiectasis severity was assessed based on the FACED score (FEV1, Aged, chronic Colonization by Pseudomonas aeuroginosa, radiological Extension of the disease, Dyspnea). Levels of vitamin D serum {25 (OH) D} were checked using the ELISA method. Results: The study subjects were 44 patients, consisting of 61.4% male and 38.6% female. Most of the bronchiectasis patients in this study were mild (77.3%) based on the FACED score, 15.9% moderate and 6.8% severe. As many as 77.3% of patients had vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency as much as 9.1%. All patients with moderate-severe FACED scores had vitamin D deficiency. The correlation between vitamin D levels and FACED scores showed a positive significant with p-value 0.04. Conclusion: Low vitamin D levels are a risk factor for aggravating bronchiectasis severity and have a positive significant correlation between the two.

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Journal Info





Health Professions Medicine & Pharmacology


Focuses on original article reviews and case reports in pulmonary and critical care medicine Scope: 1. Asthma 2. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) 3. Lung Physiology and Sleep-Related Disorder 4. Lung Infection 5. Thoracic Oncology 6. Interstitial Lung Disease 7. Environmental Lung ...