Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia
Vol 41, No 1 (2021)

The Association of Working Duration with Lung Function and Chest X-Ray Results in Ceramic Industry Workers of Company X, Mabar Medan

Marini Puspita Sari (Universitas Sumatera Utara)
Amira P Tarigan (Universitas Sumatera Utara)
Nuryunita Nainggolan (Universitas Sumatera Utara)
Putri C Eyanoer (Universitas Sumatera Utara)
Agus Dwi Susanto (Universitas Indonesia)
Erlangga Samoedro (Universitas Indonesia)
Caecilia Marliana (Universitas Trisakti)

Article Info

Publish Date
31 Jan 2021


Background: Ceramics industry workers are often exposed to silica materials from ceramics. The aim of this study was to determine the association between silica exposure withlung function test and chest x-ray (CXR) results of the workers. Methods: This was an analytical study with cross-sectional design conducted in the Ceramic Industry X in Mabar, Medan City. The dust level in the work station was measured using Personal Dust Sampler. Lung function was measured by spirometry and CXR was evaluated using the ILO interpretations. Results: About 35 male workers were included as subjects, divided into 3 working stations namely precompression section of 11 subjects (31.4%), compression section of 13 subjects (37.1%) and 11 subjects (31.4%) in the sintering section. Dust levels in each work location are 24.8, 29.2, and 6.11 respectively. Of all subjects, 9 (25.7%) had respiratory symptoms, 21 (60%) had restriction in lung function and 8 (22.8%) had abnormal CXR (6 pneumoconiosis and 2 tuberculosis). There were no association between dust levels with lung function and CXR (P>0.05), but there was a significant correlation between duration of work with lung function. The FEV1 and FVC values of subjects working

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Journal Info





Health Professions Medicine & Pharmacology


Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia (JRI) is an online and printed scientific publication of the Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR). The journal is published thrice-monthly within a year (January, April, July and October). The journal is focused to present original article, article review, and case ...