Biomedical Journal of Indonesia
Vol. 7 No. 3 (2021): Biomedical Journal of Indonesia

Granzyme-B Expression as a Predictor of Immune Surveillance (Correlation Study in Patient with Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Uterine Cervical Dysplasia)

Apriana, Ledisda (Unknown)
Udadi Sadhana (Unknown)
Ika Pawitra Miranti (Unknown)
Awal Prasetyo (Unknown)
Dik Puspasari (Unknown)



Article Info

Publish Date
08 Oct 2021

Abstract

Background: The most common histologic type of cervical cancer is squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), with the risk of recurrence depending on immune surveillance with granzyme-B markers, and tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) is an immunological determinant associated with a better prognosis. Granzyme-B is produced by TIL. The study was aimed to prove the difference in expression of granzyme-B in SCC epithelial cells with cervical dysplasia precancerous lesions as a predictor of immune surveillance. Methods: Correlation analytic study with cross-sectional design on paraffin block patients with SCC and cervical epithelial dysplasia at the Anatomical Pathology Laboratory, RSUP Dr. Kariadi, Semarang, during 2018 and 2019, using granzyme-B immunohistochemistry assays, assessed TIL activation. Results: Most cases of cervical SCC were 40 years old, 50% were stage IIIB, 20% with the final condition died on observation 1 year after the initial diagnosis was made. The uterine cervical SCC group expressed granzyme-B with a mean score of 5.81±1.17 (p=0.001) and the dysplastic epithelial lesion group with a mean score of 6.83±0.95 (p=022), the Mann-Whitney test showed p value = 0.009, so that the test results are statistically significant. Conclusion: Expression of granzyme-B in dysplasia is higher than in uterine cervical SCC.

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Journal Info

Abbrev

bji

Publisher

Subject

Biochemistry, Genetics & Molecular Biology Medicine & Pharmacology

Description

Biomedical Journal of Indonesia is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focus on basic medical sciences, emphasizing on providing the molecular studies of biomedical problems and molecular mechanisms to integrate researches in all aspects of human health. BJI is dedicated to publishing ...