Islamic Guidance and Counseling Journal
Vol 4 No 2 (2021): Islamic Guidance and Counseling Journal

The Role of Demographic Characteristics and Spiritual Dimensions in Predicting Empathy: A Study in Muslim Pre-Service Teachers

Fitriyah, Fifi Khoirul (Unknown)
Hidayah, Nur (Unknown)
Muslihati, Muslihati (Unknown)
Hambali, Im (Unknown)
Ibad, Mursyidul (Unknown)

Article Info

Publish Date
31 Jul 2021


Although many studies have examined the relationship between spirituality and empathy, very few studies have focused on demographic and spiritual dimensions in influencing empathy for pre-service teachers. This study analyzes the effect of gender, age, and years of formal education on spirituality and empathy and analyzes the influence of the spiritual dimensions on empathy. This research is a cross-sectional study, with 319 Muslim pre-service teachers as respondents. The data collection technique used an online questionnaire adapted from the Spirituality Assessment Scale (SAS) and the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI). The results show that age affects spirituality, while empathy is influenced by age and gender. One unanticipated finding was that years of formal education had no effect on either spirituality or empathy. The most important finding of this study is the higher the level of innerness, the more likely it is to have high empathy. This study's findings are useful as an assessment material and creating counseling designs to increase empathy for pre-service teachers. This is a part of forming the ideal profile of counselors in schools later. Integrating Islamic values ​​is also an essential alternative in counseling for Muslims.

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Journal Info





Arts Humanities Education


Islamic Guidance and Counseling Journal is a double-blind peer-reviewed and open-access journal that contained actual issues related to guidance and counseling and published twice a year (January and July) by the Institut Agama Islam Ma’arif NU (IAIMNU) Metro Lampung and managed by the Study ...