Bioscientia Medicina : Journal of Biomedicine and Translational Research
Vol. 6 No. 1 (2022): Bioscientia Medicina: Journal of Biomedicine & Translational Research

Risk Factors of Catheter-Related Infection in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis Using Double Lumen Catheter at Dr. M. Djamil Hospital Padang

Muhammad Iqbal (Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Andalas University/Dr. M. Djamil Hospital, Padang, Indonesia)
Raflis Rustam (Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Andalas University/Dr. M. Djamil Hospital, Padang, Indonesia)
Vendry Rivaldy (Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Andalas University/Dr. M. Djamil Hospital, Padang, Indonesia)



Article Info

Publish Date
09 Dec 2021

Abstract

Background. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a terminal disease requiring hemodialysis. Hemodialysis requires vascular access using a double lumen catheter (DLC). However, the use of DLC may increase complications mainly infection, either infection of exit site or bloodstream. This study is aimed to seek risk factors contributing to the incidence of central catheter-related infections in CKD patients with DLC undergoing HD at Dr. M. Djamil Hospital, Padang. Methods. This study is a prospective study on patients undergoing HD at Dr. M. Djamil Hospital, Padang. This study using consecutive sampling technique. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 25.0. Results. This study involved 40 CKD patients undergoing HD. Majority of the samples had bloodstream infections (67.5%). Clinical manifestations of purulent secretion, duration of catheter used, and hypoalbuminemia had significant differences in the incidence of DLC infection based on bloodstream infection and exit site infection (p<0.05). The most common bacterial found was Pseudomonas aeruginosa (22.5%) which was sensitive to ceftazidime, cefepime, meropenem, amikacin, gentamicin, ciprofloxacin. Conclusion. Factors contributing to the incidence of DLC-related infections at Dr. M. Djamil Hospital are duration of catheter use and hypoalbuminemia. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the most common cause of DLC-related infections.

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Journal Info

Abbrev

bsm

Publisher

Subject

Biochemistry, Genetics & Molecular Biology Immunology & microbiology Medicine & Pharmacology Neuroscience

Description

BioScientia Medicina is an open access international scholarly journal in the field of biomedicine and translational research aimed to publish a high-quality scientific paper including original research papers, reviews, short communication, and technical notes. This journal welcomes the submission ...