Amerta Nutrition
Vol. 5 No. 4 (2021): AMERTA NUTRITION

The Effectiveness of Mobile Device-Based Digital Interventions on the Risk Factors of Diabetes Mellitus Control in the Industrial Revolution 4.0

Ratna Kuatiningsari (Universitas Airlangga)
Fatqiatul Wulandari (Universitas Airlangga)
Ade Lia Ramadani (Universitas Airlangga)
Qonita Rachmah (Universitas Airlangga)

Article Info

Publish Date
25 Nov 2021


ABSTRACTBackground: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease which if not done properly, can cause microvascular and macrovascular disorders. Indicators of the accuracy of diabetes management in this scientific article include education, self-management (improving diet, increasing physical activity, and self-efficacy), and monitoring of HbA1c levels. Mobile devices have the potential as a tool for diabetes mellitus management in the era of the industrial revolution 4.0.Purpose: to provide the latest information regarding the effectiveness of using mobile devices in controlling risk factors for diabetes mellitus.Method: This study is a literature review study. The electronic databases used are Google Scholar, Science Direct, and Directory of Access Journals (DOAJ). Inclusion criteria: original research, a journal of at least 80% indexed by Sinta (Indonesian journal) and indexed by Scopus (international journal), published year 2010-2020, intervention using a mobile device, has an output of HbA1c levels, self management (diet, physical activity, and self efficacy), and the level of knowledge. Exclusion criteria: reference with secondary data.Result: This study used 16 scientific articles. A number of 12 studies (75%) reported the use of mobile device applications in controlling risk factors for diabetes mellitus had significant measurement results in controlling HbA1c levels in 10 studies (83%) and 2 studies were not significant (17%). Outcomes in the form of self-management were reported by 9 studies with details of the significant results of dietary improvement in 5 studies (83%), increased physical activity in 5 studies (63%), and self-efficacy in 4 studies (67%). The increase in knowledge was reported by 4 studies with significant results (100%).Conclusion: Mobile device-based digital intervention is quite effective in controlling diabetes mellitus risk factors to control HbA1c levels, increasing self-management (improving diet, increasing physical activity, and self-efficacy) and knowledge. 

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Journal Info





Health Professions Medicine & Pharmacology Nursing Public Health Other


Amerta Nutrition (p-ISSN:2580-1163; e-ISSN: 2580-9776) is a peer reviewed open access scientific journal published by Universitas Airlangga. The scope for Amerta Nutrition include: public health nutrition, community nutrition, clinical nutrition, dietetics, food science and food service management. ...