Journal of Health and Dental Sciences
Vol. 1 No. 1 (2021): Journal of Health and Dental Sciences

LONGER MASTICATION CYCLES TEND TO LOWER POST-PRANDIAL BLOOD SUGAR LEVELS

Ike Rahmawaty Ali (Department Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Bandung, Indonesia)
Siska Nia Irasanti (Department Biomedical, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Islam Bandung, Indonesia)



Article Info

Publish Date
04 Aug 2021

Abstract

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a metabolic syndrome occurred because of the lack of insulin hormone secretion or some factors disturbing insulin hormone or both of them. The mastication cycle is one of the factors related to the increasing in blood glucose. The research aims to analyse the relation between mastication cycle and DM risk factor on Faculty of Medicine students, Universitas Islam Bandung. The methodology was an experimental study. The subjects were 18 male Faculty of Medicine, Unisba, who fulfil the inclusive and exclusive criteria. First, scanning was conducted to know DM risk by questioners. Those students were divided into three groups of mastication cycle (15,30,45 cycle). Each group consisted of six students. The result showed that the tendency of average blood sugar was lower in the group with 45 cycles of mastication, compared to 30 and 15 cycles (86.5 vs 89.5 vs 92 mg/dL). However, according to a statistical calculation, there was no significant relationship between the mastication cycle and blood glucose (P =0.413; P>0.05). The average blood insulin level of 45 times the mastication cycle was the lowest compared to 30 and 15 mastication cycles (2.44 vs 2.97 vs 3.58 μg/ml). The result was that the mastication cycle was longer than the initial insulin release to work in the cell more effectively. In conclusion, DM needs to do more cycle in mastication food to maintain glucose in the blood. DOI : 10.54052/jhds.v1n1.p11-18

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Journal Info

Abbrev

jhds

Publisher

Subject

Dentistry

Description

Journal of Health and Dental Sciences or JHDS is a peer-reviewed and open access journal that focuses on promoting health and dental sciences generated from health and dental basic sciences, clinical, and community or public health and dental researches to integrate research in all aspects of human ...