Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia
Vol 41, No 4 (2021)

Lung Function Impairment Among Firefighter After Forest Fire Disaster in Riau, Sumatra

Rudi Kurniawan (Universitas Indonesia/Persahabatan National Respiratory Referral Hospital, Jakarta)
Seira Putri Boru Rambe (Universitas Riau/Arifin Achmad General Hospital, Pekanbaru, Riau)
Indra Yovie (Universitas Riau/Arifin Achmad General Hospital, Pekanbaru, Riau)
Erlang Samoedro (Universitas Indonesia/Persahabatan National Respiratory Referral Hospital, Jakarta)
Agus Dwi Susanto (Universitas Indonesia/Persahabatan National Respiratory Referral Hospital, Jakarta)
Jamal Zaini ((SCOPUS: 22982279100), Department of Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia - Persahabatan Hospital, Jakarta)



Article Info

Publish Date
27 Nov 2021

Abstract

Background: The 2015 forest fire disaster affected almost 2.6 million hectares of land in Indonesia, and Riau was among the worst. Firefighters were the first responders to deal with the disaster, but a little was known about the influence of extinguishing forest fire activities with their health. This study aimed to evaluate respiratory symptoms and lung function among firefighters 6 months after forest fire exposure.Methods: Interviews were conducted regarding sociodemographic factors, respiratory symptoms, and history of forest fire exposure during the disaster. Spirometry and chest X-ray were also carried out with standard techniques. Statistical analysis was performed based on the existing data. Ninety firefighters participated in this study, most were male with mean age of 33 years old. About 66% were smoker, had been working as firefighters for 2 to 10 years, and had been on extinguishing forest fire duty around 2–5 hours/day during the disaster.Results: All firefighters reported respiratory symptoms after 3 months. Pulmonary function was abnormal in 50% of subjects with mild restrictive characteristic. The analysis showed that body mass index (BMI) and duration of exposure had a significant correlation with pulmonary function abnormality.Conclusion: Pulmonary function was found abnormal in most subjects 6 months after forest fire exposure in Riau.

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Journal Info

Abbrev

jri

Publisher

Subject

Health Professions Medicine & Pharmacology

Description

Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia (JRI) is an online and printed scientific publication of the Indonesian Society of Respirology (ISR). The journal is published thrice-monthly within a year (January, April, July and October). The journal is focused to present original article, article review, and case ...