Qualitative methods are methods that focus on in-depth observation and analysis. Therefore, qualitative methods in research can produce a more comprehensive study of a fact. Descriptive research, the term "descriptive" comes from the English term to describe which means to describe or describe something, for example: circumstances, conditions, situations, events, activities and others. The results of the study show that special autonomy for Papua is seen as the central government's political commitment to the Papuan people (win win solution) in order to suppress the issue of radicalism and national disintegration and then fulfill their basic rights in life, including reducing social inequalities in society. The government tries to present statistical data on HDI, poverty rates and so on with classical reasons without being based on facts on the ground during the implementation of Special Autonomy in Papua in recent decades, people live backwards and are left behind and the poorest population ranks first in Indonesia. Research suggestions that the author can convey in the future, regardless of the type of policy made by the Government in Papua, must involve the participation of the public or the Papuan community, because according to the community the current policies have not fully involved the Papuan people in a comprehensive and holistic manner starting from policy formulation to evaluation. The Papuan People's Assembly as a cultural representative institution in the context of special autonomy does not function properly because during the hearing (RDP), the approach to security and welfare development with a massive population approach is also important so that the Papuan people do not feel excluded or marginalized from the center their own city center.
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