Cakrawala Pendidikan
Vol 41, No 2 (2022): Cakrawala Pendidikan (June 2022)

Empowering critical thinking skills on different academic levels through discovery-based multiple representation learning

Muhammad Minan Chusni (UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung)
Sulistyo Saputro (Unknown)
Suranto Suranto (Unknown)
Sentot Budi Rahardjo (Unknown)

Article Info

Publish Date
29 May 2022


Critical Thinking Skills (CTSs) are necessary for science mastery. To help the students develop their CTSs, discovery-based learning and student-centered activities may be beneficial. This study aims at investigating: (1) effects of discovery-based multiple representation learning (DMRL) model on CTSs; (2) effects of different academic achievement on CTSs; and (3) interaction between a learning model and types of different academic achievement on CTSs. The participants were 162 students, grade 7th from 3 public schools in Sleman, Indonesia. They were classified into 54 students with exceptional academic achievement, 48 students with average academic achievement, and 60 students with below-average intellectual ability. We used an essay test to collect data on CTSs utilizing a non-equivalent control group design with pretest and posttest. ANCOVA was used to examine the data (p = .05). The results of the study show that: (1) The DMRL had a high potential to improve the students’ CTSs; (2) The students with HA had the highest CTSs; (3) there is an interaction effect between the learning model and the different types of achievement on CTS. As a result, we conclude that the DMRL was effective in closing the CTSs discrepancies between students with high, moderate, and poor academic achievement.

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Journal Info







Cakrawala Pendidikan (CP) merupakan jurnal ilmiah kependidikan. Jurnal ini menerbitkan berbagai artikel tentang kajian ilmiah dan hasil penelitian pendidikan baik dalam pengertian luas (pendidikan secara umum) maupun khusus (menunjuk pada bidang-bidang studi tertentu). Pemuatan suatu artikel ...