The Journal of Contemporary Sociological Issues (CSI)
Vol 3 No 2 (2023): Journal of Contemporary Sociological Issues

The Risk-Need-Responsivity Model on Inmate Rehabilitation

Nasiru Zubairu (Federal University Dutse, Nigeria)

Article Info

Publish Date
31 Aug 2023


The article examines the nature, causes, and implications of inmate rehabilitation in Nigeria by explaining the Risk-Need-Responsivity model. The study reviewed secondary qualitative data, mostly a literature review, and it reinforced and added to the existing body of knowledge on inmate rehabilitation worldwide, particularly in Nigeria. The article finds that there are causes of congestion in the custodial center, such as overuse of imprisonment, a slow judicial process, insufficient prison capacity, a lack of adequate police investigation and prosecution, resource and operational efficiency, and a delay in the administration of justice. The paper adopts Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR) theory to outline the process of the significance of rehabilitation towards inmates. The model emphasizes assessing and treating inmates according to their ability and risk of re-offending. The research applied a case study that examined the causes of custodial center congestion and identified the implications on inmate rehabilitation in Nigeria. The paper revealed that the consequences of custodial center congestion are spreading infectious disease, breakdown of social control, poor custodial center conditions, access to rehabilitation programs, and too much cost to the State. The study also explained various correctional facilities provide rehabilitation programs based on the criminogenic needs of the inmate, such as counseling programs, adult education, vocational programs, sports and leisure activities, and religious activities. Keywords: Causes, Congestion, Implication, Inmate, Rehabilitation

Copyrights © 2023

Journal Info





Humanities Environmental Science Languange, Linguistic, Communication & Media Law, Crime, Criminology & Criminal Justice Social Sciences


Journal of Contemporary Sociological Issues is an open-access journal that does not charge fees for authors or institutional subscriptions. CSI is managed by Advanced Studies on Socio-Economic Development based at the University of Jember. CSI is primarily focused on issues related to: a. economic ...