The forest of Gunung Â Lumut Â in Pasir District, Â East Kalimantan was designatedÂ for a protection Â forest in 1983. It is surrounded Â by 15 villagesÂ and one settlement Â lies inside it. Communities in those villages are dependent upon the landscape and forest resources mainly for non timber forest products. This study was focused on the perception of the communities on the importance of the landscape and forests. The study was conducted in two settlements, located Â in and outside Â (near)Â the protection Â forest, Â namely Â Rantau Â Layung Â Village Â and MuluiÂ Sub-Village. Â Data collection Â was undertaken throughÂ general field observations, key- informant personal Â interviews and focus groupÂ discussions. Â In Rantau Â Layung, the most important land Â type Â was riceÂ field, whereas Â in Mului Â was forest. Â There Â were Â 13 and 14 use categories Â of landscapeÂ resourcesÂ in Rantau Â Layung Â and Mului, Â respectively, such as food, medicine, Â constructions and source of income.Â People in Rantau Â Layung Â and Mului ranked Â plants Â to be more Â important than Â animals. Â PeopleÂ also considered Â products Â from wild Â resources Â to be more Â important thanÂ those from cultivated Â and purchased Â sources. Communities living Â in both Â settlements Â considered Â the future Â uses of forests to be the most important as compared to those of the present and past. TheyÂ suggested that sungkai (Peronema canescens) and telien (Eusideroxylon zwageri) to be the most important plants while payau Â (Cervus unicolor) and telaus (Muntiacus muntjak) to be the most important animals. People used the wildlife mainly for food and source of income. They also identified important and potential Â resources for economicÂ development in the area, i.e. ecotourism Â and hydro- power for electric Â generator.
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