Universa Medicina
Vol 27, No 3 (2008)

Prevalence of extended spectrum beta-lactamase in Klebsiella pneumoniae

Herwana, Elly (Unknown)
Yenny, Yenny (Unknown)
Pudjiadi, Laurentia (Unknown)
Surjawidjaja, Juius E (Unknown)
Lesmana, Murad (Unknown)



Article Info

Publish Date
26 Sep 2008

Abstract

Increased irrational use of antibiotics promotes bacterial resistance to these drugs. Among the resistance mechanisms developed by bacteria is the production of â-lactamase which can destroy the â-lactam ring and cause resistance to the other â-lactam antibiotics, such as amoxycillin. Extended spectrum â-lactamase (ESBL), an enzyme found in bacterial plasmids, is capable of hydrolyzing third-generation cephalosporins, namely cefotaxime, ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, and the monobactams. ESBL is predominantly found in Klebsiellas spp., Escherichia coli and other bacteria of the Enterobacteriaceae family. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Klebsiella resistant to cephalosporins and the prevalence of those producing ESBL. A total of 65 clinical isolates of Klebsiella were tested by the disk diffusion method according to Kirby-Bauer to determine their antibiotic susceptiblity and by the double-disk synergy method to detect the presence of ESBL. The results show that 18.5% of Klebsiella isolates tested were resistant to ceftazidime and cefixime, 13.9% to ceftriaxone, and 23.1% to aztreonam. Testing for ESBL revealed that the prevalence of ESBL producers in clinical Klebsiella isolates ranged from 10.8% to 12.3%. The presence of ESBL, plus the potential for plasmid-mediated quinolone and carbapenem resistance, undoubtedly will create significant therapeutic problems in the future.

Copyrights © 2008






Journal Info

Abbrev

medicina

Publisher

Subject

Health Professions Immunology & microbiology Medicine & Pharmacology Public Health

Description

Universa Medicina (univ.med) is a four-monthly medical journal that publishes new research findings on a wide variety of topics of importance to biomedical science and clinical practice. Universa Medicina Online contains both the current issue and an online archive that can be accessed through ...