Paediatrica Indonesiana
Vol 36 No 7-8 (1996): July - August 1996

Missed Opportunities for Immunization at The Out-Patient Clinic: Prevalence and Related Factors

Hafiz Abubakar (Unknown)
Ali Antoni (Unknown)
Johnwan Usman (Unknown)
Iskandar Z. Lubis (Unknown)
RA. Aggraini Erma (Unknown)

Article Info

Publish Date
11 Dec 2017


From November 1992 through Januaiy 1993 a cross sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and related factors of missed opportunities for immunization (MOI). The study involved 280 babies aged less than 12 months. Inter­view was performed by using a questionnaire as the babies left the clinic after seeing the clinic personnel (exit interview). The primary source of information was the accom­panying person and their immunization card. There were 149 (53%) male and 131 (47%) female babies. A total of 208 babies (74.3%) stated to have immunization card, although only 19 (9.1°/.) look it at the time of the study. Out of 234 babies (83.5%) with partial immunization status, 9 had contraindication to immunization. Among 225 ba- es without contraindication, only 88 babies were suggested to have immunization. MOI was found in 137 (48.8%) babies (95% confidence interval: 43%; 55%). Concerning the kind of vaccine, OFV was the most often missed. Of 88 babies (31.4%) suggested for immunization, 43 agreed and had been given various vaccines including simultaneus immunization at the Well-Child Clinic. Screening for immunization not consistently practiced, missed interpretation to contraindication was detected. Among babies sug­gested for immunization, significant relationships were found between the number of children in the family (p<0.05), father's (p<0.05) and mother's education (p<0.001) and acceptance to immunization.

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Journal Info





Health Professions Medicine & Pharmacology


Paediatrica Indonesiana is a medical journal devoted to the health, in a broad sense, affecting fetuses, infants, children, and adolescents, belonged to the Indonesian Pediatric Society. Its publications are directed to pediatricians and other medical practitioners or researchers at all levels of ...