Intermestic: Journal of International Studies
Vol 1 No 2 (2017)

Pergeseran Paradigma dalam Disabilitas

Santoso, Meilanny Budiarti (Unknown)
Apsari, Nurliana Cipta (Unknown)



Article Info

Publish Date
26 May 2017

Abstract

Paradigm shift in understanding disabilities need to be delivered in line with the spirit of reformation and democratization lies on strengthening fundamental pillars of human rights. This article is using literature and documentation study. The paradigm in addressing or providing services to people with disabilites have shifted, starting with The Traditional model, which was charity in nature, shifted toward The Individual Model – Medical Model, emphasizing rehabilitation for disabilities population. The second model were felt insufficient to eliminate the obstacles dealt by the disabilities, thus the professionals developed the third paradigm, which is The Social Model, where focus of services are meant to create social change – community change. Currently, services for disabilites population are based on the Inclusion Model, which is inclusive development – inclusive society. The inclusive approach is utilized to present the disabilities population in the lives of the community, thus accomodating more of human rights of the disabilites population.

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