Omega: Jurnal Fisika dan Pendidikan Fisika
Vol 3 No 2 (2017)

Preparation and Synthesis of Micro-Sized Carbon Material from Coconut Shell with Variation of Material Mixing Time Using a Blender for Fe Filtration of Mataram Canal Water

Dwandaru, Wipsar Sunu Brams (Unknown)
Pratama, Buki Wahyu (Unknown)
Andriani, Nur Baeity (Unknown)
Hastuti, Irnawati Widya (Unknown)

Article Info

Publish Date
29 Nov 2017


This study aims to synthesis micro-sized carbon material from coconut shell leftovers or wastes using piezoelectric-based ultrasonication in liquid phase. The micro-sized carbon material produced is then utilized as a filtration material for Mataram canal water in Yogyakarta. This study begins with synthesizing the micro-sized carbon material by mixing i) mashed coconut shells, ii) 100 ml distilled water, and iii) 2 grams of detergent into a blender. The aforementioned materials are blended with mixing time variation of 30 minutes and 60 minutes. The resulted solution is left alone for a night and then ultrasonicated for 4 hours. The solution is then characterized using UV-Vis spectrophotometer. The sediments obtained from the carbon materials are characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD) for each mixing time variation whereas scanning electron microscopy (SEM) is conducted upon the micro-sized carbon material with 60 minutes mixing time. The solution and the sediment is poured onto a filter paper, heated until dry, and fitted to a simple filtration device. Water from Mataram canal is used to test the Fe filtration ability of the micro-sized carbon material. The water samples before and after filtration are characterized using atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS). The UV-Vis results show that increasing the mixing time of material, increases the absorbance value. Based on XRD results the synthesized micro-sized carbon material from coconut shell has an amorphous phase. The SEM result at 60 minutes of mixing time looks like an irregular bulk material with sizes of about 1 $\mu$m to 12 $\mu$m with thicknesses of around 0.6 $\mu$m to 0.8 $\mu$m. The AAS results indicate that the longer the mixing time, the lower the Fe content in the water samples after filtration.

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