Squalen Bulletin of Marine and Fisheries Postharvest and Biotechnology
Vol 11, No 1 (2016): May 2016

Ethanolic Fermentation Efficiency of Seaweed Solid Waste Hydrolysates by Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Pujoyuwono Martosuyono (Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnology)
Ifah Munifah (Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnology)
Gesty Aulia Ningrum (Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Syarif Hidayatullah Islamic State University)



Article Info

Publish Date
19 May 2016

Abstract

The objective of this research was to determine the saccharification and the fermentation efficiency of seaweed solid waste hydrolysate by Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Accession number 3012.254) in anaerobic condition. The optimum saccharification yield of acid pretreated waste (40.93±1.72)% was obtained after 48 hours with  saccharification rate of (0.51±0.02) g/l.h. Higher yield was shown by NaOH pretreated waste (67.29±1.24)% after 24 hours with saccharification rate of (0.81±0.06) g/l.h. The fermentation of enzymatic hydrolysates of acid and alkali pretreated samples by S. cerevisiae produced a maximum of 7.52±0.24 g/l and 14.5±0.54 g/l ethanol respectively after 72 hours fermentation. Maximum ethanol yield was 0.31±0.03 g/g and 0.40±0.02 g/g sugar respectively for acid and alkali pretreated samples. The ethanol yields showed that alkali pretreated sample produces higher conversion substrate ratio (80% of theoretical yield) compared to acid pretreated sample (62% of theoretical yield).

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Journal Info

Abbrev

squalen

Publisher

Subject

Agriculture, Biological Sciences & Forestry Biochemistry, Genetics & Molecular Biology Environmental Science Immunology & microbiology

Description

Squalen publishes original and innovative research to provide readers with the latest research, knowledge, emerging technologies, postharvest, processing and preservation, food safety and environment, biotechnology and bio-discovery of marine and fisheries. The key focus of the research should be ...