Justitia et Pax
Vol 33, No 1 (2017): Justitia Et Pax Volume 33 Nomor 1 Tahun 2017

PARADIGMA KEADILAN RESTORATIF DALAM PENANGGULANGAN KEJAHATAN DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN HUKUM PIDANA

Widiartana, Gregorius (Unknown)



Article Info

Publish Date
30 Nov 2017

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe criminal law that has been used as one of the means to eridicate crime is built on a retributive paradigm, so its repressive and coercive nature dominates. Based on the retributive paradigm, crime prevention is the sole authority of the law enforcement apparatus. Crime prevention based on the retributive paradigm is also offender oriented. Unlike the retributive paradigm, the paradigm of restorative justice offers another way of dealing with crime. In the retributive paradigm of justice, the sanction imposed does not aim to take revenge on the perpetrators of crime but rather sanctions that can arouse the perpetrator's responsibility for the suffering of the victim or sanction aimed at restoring the suffering of the victim. According to the paradigm of restorative justice, the process of solving crimes is done by involving perpetrators, victims and the community. Keywords: crime prevention, criminal law, retributive, restorative justice. INTISARIHukum pidana yang selama ini dipakai sebagai salah satu sarana untuk menangulangi kejahatan dibangun atas dasar paradigma retributif, sehingga sifatnya yang represif dan koersif begitu mendominasi. Berdasar paradigma retributif, penanggulangan kejahatan merupakan kewenangan tunggal aparat penegak hukum. Penanggulangan kejahatan berdasar paradigma retributif juga bersifat offender oriented. Berbeda dengan paradigma retributif, paradigma keadilan restoratif menawarkan cara lain dalam menanggulangi kejahatan. Dalam paradigma keadilan retributif, sanksi yang dijatuhkan tidak bertujuan untuk melakukan pembalasan terhadap pelaku kejahatan melainkan sanksi yang dapat menggugah tanggung jawab pelaku terhadap penderitaan korban atau sanksi yang bertujuan untuk memulihkan penderitaan korban. Menurut paradigma keadilan restoratif, proses penyelesaian kejahatan dilakukan dengan cara melibatkan  pelaku, korban dan masyarakat. Kata kunci: Penanggulangan kejahatan, hukum pidana, retributif, keadilan restoratif.

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Journal Info

Abbrev

justitiaetpax

Publisher

Subject

Law, Crime, Criminology & Criminal Justice

Description

JEP is primarily aimed to facilitate the legal scholars, researchers or practitioners in publishing their original or reviewed articles as well as to support the enactment of in-depth discussions on the related issues. It is also purposed to become a source of reference for those are involved in ...