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Journal of Development Research
ISSN : 25799290     EISSN : 25799347     DOI : -
Journal of Development Research, a journal runs by the Institute for Research and Community Services Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Blitar. Journal facilitates publication of the results of research in the field of human and region development. The journal is published in two versions, the print and electronic version. This journal is published every six months, i.e. April and Oktober.
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Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol. 4 No. 2 (2020): Volume 4, Number 2, November 2020" : 9 Documents clear
Literary Planning and Development in Indonesia Through The Local Literature Community (LLC): A Challenge Sulaiman Sulaiman; Mintowati Mintowati; Anas Ahmadi
Journal of Development Research Vol. 4 No. 2 (2020): Volume 4, Number 2, November 2020
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Blitar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28926/jdr.v4i2.110

Abstract

Planning and fostering literature in Indonesia is very important as an effort to preserve it, especially regional literature and develop its existence. This is important because literature has a noble function, namely voicing the heart and phenomena that occur in society. We see that the development of literature in Indonesia such as "living reluctantly to death does not want", is in a situation and condition of concern. Attention from the government and the community is still very minimal. Even though literature in Indonesia still seems to exist, it is solely due to literary activists, both individuals and communities who still care and love literature. This presents a challenge. Challenges in planning and developing literature in Indonesia. It is time for literary issues in Indonesia to be seriously designed by involving people or people who have concerns. Does not always depend on the country. Therefore, independence is needed in discussing the planning and development of literature in Indonesia. In this case the direct involvement of activists / local literary communities is needed. This thinking originated from several existing communities and can survive and even flourish in producing writers and developing literary works in Indonesia. Thus, it is not impossible if the Local Literature Community will provide encouraging results on the development of literature in Indonesia.
The Utilization of Waste Cooking Oil As a Material of Soap Mustakim Mustakim; Rahmad Taufik; Trismawati Trismawati
Journal of Development Research Vol. 4 No. 2 (2020): Volume 4, Number 2, November 2020
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Blitar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28926/jdr.v4i2.114

Abstract

Cooking oil is a vegetable oil as a glyceride compound from various fatty acids. Cooking oil can be used up to 3-4 times for cooking. If cooking oil is used repeatedly, the fatty acids will be more saturated and can change color. The waste cooking oil is said to have been damaged and is not good for consumption and can pollute the environment. Appropriate technology is a technology designed for a particular society to be adapted to environmental, political, cultural, social, and economics aspects. The purpose of appropriate technology is to be able to save money, be easy to maintain, and minimize costs to the community. The appropriate technology in this study aims to facilitate the production process of making soap or can also achieve the desired goals effectively in a place or production. The results of this research are mixer and soap products, which are mixers made from used materials to be used as soap making tools. For the processing of soap products, cooking oil waste is used, which is known that the cost of production per soap bar is Rp578.00. Researchers sell it at a price of Rp1,000.00. The Break Event Point (BEP) value is 200 bars of soap per year or Rp200,000.00. Net Present Value (NPV) in 4 years is Rp9,498,061.00, and the Return of Investment (ROI) from the payback period is 0.9 months.
Blended Learning in Teacher Profession Education (PPG) of Germany Education as The 21st Century Teacher Training Model Dewi Kartika Ardiyani; Primardiana Hermilia Wijayati; Edy Hidayat
Journal of Development Research Vol. 4 No. 2 (2020): Volume 4, Number 2, November 2020
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Blitar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28926/jdr.v4i2.116

Abstract

This study aims to solve problems related to the policy of Teacher Professional Development (TPD) program. This research produces a syllabus of in-office TPD for the German language to solve problems faced in the field; it is necessary to provide provision and preparation for lecturers so that the preparation and implementation of learning have the same standards and goals and the percentage of pedagogic material is more than the professional content. Meanwhile the composition of the competency test is otherwise. In this study, a new policy of TPD is formulated based on 21st century competencies and 21st century learning models that have been successfully applied in Australia, namely a life skills-based learning approach, or known as life- based learning. This framework has become the flagship program for learning innovation at the State University of Malang. The research employed a research and development method that begins with problem identification or problem formulation. The syllabus design is created and developed based on performance and needs analysis, and oriented to the principles of teacher training in the 21st century. These principles are reflected in the syllabus which contains pegadodic competences, professional competence, the ability to use digital media through blended learning and digital-based learning. Based on the results of the validation by German learning experts and suggestions from users, it can be concluded that the PPG German syllabus design is feasible to use. Nevertheless, it is necessary to refine the time allocation according to the needs and clarity of evaluation and assessment.
The Development of Negotiation Text Oriented to Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) for Teaching Material with the Context of Life Skills in the Business and Industrial World Sri Utami
Journal of Development Research Vol. 4 No. 2 (2020): Volume 4, Number 2, November 2020
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Blitar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28926/jdr.v4i2.117

Abstract

Political Change Patterns of The Mataraman Society in Kediri: (Study of Political Sociology in Mataraman Kediri on Election of Political Parties) Taufik Alamin; Darsono Wisadirana; Sanggar Kanto; Hilmy Mochtar; Sholih Mu'adi; Mardiyono Mardiyono
Journal of Development Research Vol. 4 No. 2 (2020): Volume 4, Number 2, November 2020
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Blitar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28926/jdr.v4i2.121

Abstract

Social political change in society is one of the social facts that cannot be avoided. The socio-political phenomenon is a dynamic and tentative situation. This research is oriented towards analyzing the political changes of the Mataraman society in Kediri. The method used is qualitative descriptive approach with case studies. Primary and secondary data sources are obtained from interviews and references, supporting documents are used as a tool in describing the subject of the study. The results showed that the political dynamics in Kediri influenced the changes in political patterns of the Mataraman society in Kediri. The powerful socio-culture of Matraman society is not faded with the changes in political choices occurred.
Integrating Social Capital and Finansial Capital for Beef Cattle Farmers Economic Solutions in Kediri Regency, East Java Province, Indonesia Linawati Linawati; Nur Solikin
Journal of Development Research Vol. 4 No. 2 (2020): Volume 4, Number 2, November 2020
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Blitar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28926/jdr.v4i2.123

Abstract

The culture of mutual cooperation with rural communities is one of the social capital that is still ongoing, especially in running livestock businesses. This study aims to analyze the social capital and financial capital of beef cattle breeders. The research location was chosen in conjunction in Semen District, Kediri Regency. Interviewing and filling out questionnaires are instruments in this descriptive study. The results showed that the social capital of cattle breeders in the medium category, financial capital came from a joint venture (gaduhan system). The conclusion is that the existence of social and financial capital due to the gaduhan system is a solution to economic problems in rural areas. An increase in social capital may have an impact on increasing financial capital.
Increasing Complexity of Cryptographic Using Combination of Hill Cipher and Cipher Block Chaining Abd Charis Fauzan; Veradella Yuelisa Mafula
Journal of Development Research Vol. 4 No. 2 (2020): Volume 4, Number 2, November 2020
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Blitar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28926/jdr.v4i2.124

Abstract

Security and confidentiality of documents stored on a computer is an important aspect in the field of computer or information system security. Documents will no longer be useful if they are intercepted or hijacked by unauthorized people, they will even endanger the document owner, if documents containing important information are misused by irresponsible people. Therefore the documents on the computer must be preserved so that they are only accepted and used by interested persons. One of the solutions to prevent eavesdropping of documents is to use cryptography. This study aims to increase cryptographic complexity using a combination of hill cipher algorithms and block chaining cipher modes. The combination of the two methods is expected to be able to cover the shortcomings of each method so that the cryptographic complexity can be increased. The method in this study consists of two stages, namely the document encryption and document decryption stages. The encryption stage is to change the plaintext document into a ciphertext document, on the other hand, the decryption stage is to change the ciphertext document back into a plaintext document. The stages for document encryption include; 1) retrieve plain text messages in the document so that they can be processed by the system (parsing); 2) encryption to convert plaintext documents into ciphertext documents using the hill cipher algorithm; 3) encryption to convert plaintext documents into cipher text documents using cipher block chaining mode. While the methods for decryption are 1) taking the ciphertext message in the document so that it can be processed by the system (parsing); 2) decryption to convert ciphertext documents into plaintext documents using cipher block chaining mode; 3) decryption to convert ciphertext documents into plaintext documents using a hill cipher.
Teachers' Experience of Teaching and Online Learning Via WhatsApp as a Combination of Interactive English Learning media in the Covid-19 Pandemic Era of UNU Lab Elementary School Students in Blitar Bagus Waluyo; Oikurema Purwati
Journal of Development Research Vol. 4 No. 2 (2020): Volume 4, Number 2, November 2020
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Blitar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28926/jdr.v4i2.132

Abstract

English learning in elementary schools should be engaging, interactive and fun so that students have an interest and motivation for learning especially in the current Covid-19 pandemic, but in reality, the learning patterns in SD Lab Blitar UNU still do not apply English learning patterns that are interactive and fun online because teachers have not affected the learning model that suits students' needs. They find it difficult to determine the right online media as a learning medium due to locations that do not support using the full online facility. The purpose of this study is that the authors intend to provide solutions in formulating exciting and interactive patterns of English teaching to all teachers and students during the co-19 pandemic under online learning conditions. The author uses a qualitative approach through the case study application and applies self-selection to select audiences and conduct online interviews to retrieve all data in the completeness of the study. The results revealed that Teachers' Experience of Teaching and Online Learning Via WhatsApp could create Interactive English Learning in the Covid-19 Pandemic Era, and the Combination can attract students' interest in learning online.
Development of Augmented Reality Based Crawl Swimming Learning Module For Students of The UNU Blitar Sport Education Study Program Peni Nohantiya; Fatra Nonggala Putra
Journal of Development Research Vol. 4 No. 2 (2020): Volume 4, Number 2, November 2020
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Blitar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.28926/jdr.v4i2.154

Abstract

Swimming is a compulsory subject in the UNU Blitar Sports Education Study Program curriculum. Has a fairly high Semester Credit Unit (SKS) weight of 4 credits. The crawl style swimming is the basis of all styles so that it needs to be studied more deeply according to the era of the industrial revolution 4.0, namely with a touch of Augmented Reality (AR) technology. This study aims to develop a learning module for swimming crawl style which is integrated with Augmented Reality (AR). The method used by researchers is the Research and Development developed by Dick and Carey which consists of 10 steps. However, due to existing limitations, the researcher only carried out 9 steps. The module was validated by 3 experts, namely: media expert, learning expert, and swimming expert. The input from experts is used to complement the product. Subsequently carried out small group trials totaling 6 students while 30 students as large group trial subjects. The results obtained are: the criteria for product clarity obtained by a percentage of 91.17647% are very valid, the strategic criteria obtained by a percentage of 83.33% are quite valid, the evaluation criteria obtained by a presentation of 75% are quite valid. All criteria have met product eligibility. Product development of the module is declared valid enough and fit for use as a medium to maximize the learning process.

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