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COCOS
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Articles 11 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 1, No 2 (2018)" : 11 Documents clear
Pendugaan Evapotranspirasi Bulanan Tanaman Padi Sawah dengan Menggunakan Model Simulasi Tanaman di Kabupaten Jayawijaya Provinsi Papua Tabuni, Yitenus; Porong, Jelie Viekson; Rogi, Johannes E.X.
COCOS Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v1i2.20573

Abstract

ABSTRACT   Rice is the second staple supplies in Jayawijaya Regency of Papua product beside Sweet potato. The area of rice plant is 250 ha, with production of 655 tons (BPS data from the Department of Agriculture of Food Crops and Horticulture of Papua Province 2014). The total area of Jayawijaya Regency is 13,925.31 km2 which is administratively divided into 40 districts with 4  Kelurahan, and 328 Villages. The Population area 241. 280 inhabitants. Most of the people live on slope of the hills  whith are difficult to reach and are of temhisby long dryness. The estimation of the evapotranspiration in this research uses a plant simulation model. The purpose of this simulation model has advantages, among others, does not require a long time to utilize the results and cost efficient in terms of cost. This study aims to estimate the monthly evapotranspiration of wetland rice crops in Jayawijaya Regency Papua Province by using shierary rice.Ve2 2, 1. The results of research can be used as a tool for cultivating rice crops especially for water management. The growth model is a simple representation of the plant growth system described in the mathematical model and analyzed statistically. The advantages are derived from the using of model simulations, that such as can shorten the time to predict the potential of crop production.  Keywords: Evapotranspiration estimation of field and model results
UJI ANTAGONISME TRICHODERMA SP. TERHADAP COLLETOTRICHUM CAPSICI PENYEBAB PENYAKIT ANTRAKNOSA PADA CABAI KERITING SECARA IN VITRO Khairul, Ibnu; Montong, Vivi B.; Ratulangi, Max M.
COCOS Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : COCOS

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Abstract

ABSTRACT  Colletotrichum capsici is one of the fungi that can cause anthracnose disease in chili plants. Trichoderma sp. is an antagonistic fungus that has the potential to control anthracnose disease. This study aims to determine the growth and development of the fungus Trichoderma sp. and Colletotrichum capsici pathogenic fungi as well as the percentage of inhibition of Trichoderma sp. fungus. against the Colletotrichum capsici fungus. Testing using dual culture method on Potato Dextrose Agar media to know the percentage of inhibition.The results of this study showed that the colony of Trichoderma sp. able to inhibit the growth of Colletotrichum capsici fungal colonies with an average percentage of 2.82% inhibition on the third day after inoculation; 70.28% on the fourth day after inoculation and 100% on the fifth day after inoculation.  Keywords: Percentage, Colletotrichum capsici, Anthracnose
STUDI PENGEMBANGAN KAWASAN HUTAN LINDUNG GUNUNG MAHAWU MENJADI TAHURA Liambana, M. Ali; Walangitan, H. D.; Ratag, S. P.
COCOS Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v1i2.20212

Abstract

ABSTRACT   This study aims to describe the biophysical and socio-economic conditions of Mount Mahawoe Protected Forest area and examine the strategy of the development of Mount Mahawoe Protected Forest area into the Great Forest Park area in terms of policy, institutional and potential of the area.This research was conducted by using survey method and interview to formal and informal parties by using open question questionnaire. Based on the SWOT analysis, there are 20 (two pulse strategies) that can be taken as an alternative strategy in achieving the objectives of Mahawoe Mountain forest area development into Tahura such as maintaining community commitment and participation, developing the role of NGOs and community leaders around the Mahawoe Mountain area in forest area development activities, establishes priority target locations that directly impact the protection of the hydrological system, develops species of economic and ecological value, builds stakeholder participation and cooperation in controlling the sale and purchase of land in the Mount Mahawoe protected forest area.     Keywords : Mount Mahawoe, Protected Forest, and Tahura.
AGROFORESTRI POLA KEBUN CAMPURAN DI DESA WAREMBUNGAN KECAMATAN PINELENG PROVINSI SULAWESI UTARA Kogoya, Yali; Walangitan, Hengki D.; Kainde, Reinold P.
COCOS Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v1i2.20110

Abstract

ABSTRACTSYSTEM AGROFORESTRI MIXTURE GARDEN IN WAREMBUNGAN VILLAGE OF SUBDISTRICT PINELENG PROVINCE NORTH SULAWESIThe purpose of this research was to describe the agroforestry pattern at Warembungan village. The methods used in this study were survey, interview, and direct observation. Data collected were analysized descriptively and presented in graphics and tables. The results showed that dominant forest tree species used in the agroforestry pattern were Nantu (Palaquium sp.) and Angsana (Pterocarpus indicus). The dominant plantation species found were cloves (Syzygium aromaticum) andcoconut (Coconusnutifera). Thedominant fruit specieswere rambutan (Nepheliumlappaceum), jackfruit (artocarpus heterophyllus), and other species included chili (Capsicum sp.), and banana (Musa sp).Key words : system agroforestry mixture garden.
Fenologi Tajuk Pohon Mahoni (Swietenia macrophylla King) di Areal UNSRAT Tabuni, Nepi; Pollo, Hard N.; Tasirin, J. S.
COCOS Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v1i2.20568

Abstract

ABSTRACT  Temporal variation in canopy phenology of Mahogany Tree (Swietenia macrophylla King) is a general pnenomenon that happened in field plantations.  Seasonal timing in case of early - late shoot emergence, leaf shading, flower emergence, and fruit maturation are life cycle events that can be used to predict flowering patterns and reproductive success.  Mahogany tree vegetation in UNSRAT area is one of isolated population that interested to be considered.    The aims of this research was to study temporal variation in canopy phenology of Mahogany Tree.  The researh was done by Cencus Method from May to June 2017.  The data were analysed by using descriptive statistics.  The result showed that from the 346 tree visually observed, there are 134 trees have new shoot emergence,  189 trees have young leaves, 26 trees have yellow color leaves for shading, 4 trees in stage of flowering emergence, 82 trees in fruiting stage, 6 trees has fallen fruits, and 1 tree has contain young fruit.  These imply that the canopy phenology of mahagony tree has high variation in response to its ambient condition.  Keywords : Mahogany Tree, canopy phenology, temporal variation, seasonal timing, UNSRAT
KELIMPAHAN JENIS SATWA LIAR DI TANJUNG BINEREAN KECAMATAN PINOLOSIAN TENGAH KABUPATEN BOLAANG MONGONDOW SELATAN Malir, Nicodemus; Lasut, Marthen T.; Tasirin, Johny S.
COCOS Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : COCOS

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Abstract

Binerean cape retains a high biodiversity, including the diversity of wildlife species. This research aims to know the abundance of wildlife species using camera traps in South Bolaang Mongondow Regency. The data was taken using Bushnell trophy-cam and Reconyx camera traps. The results show that there are 15 species from 13 families of wildlife in Binerean Cape. The most abundant wildlife species is the macaques (Macaca nigra) at 65.3% with an encouter rate of 4.61 photos/days. It is followed by Sulawesi wild boar (Sus celebensis) with 13.5% abundance or 0.96 photos/day camera trapping. Third abundance is Sulawesi rats (Paroromys sp.) at 13.2% abundance and 0.93 photos/day. The lowest abundance at 0,1%  or less are common emerald doves (Chalcophaps indica), red-bellied pitta (Pitta erythrogaster), whitish dwarf squirre (Prosciurillus leucomus), common water monitors (Varanus salvator), dan red-backed thrush (Zoothera erythronota). Keyword: Headland Binerean, Animals Wild, Species diversity
PERMINTAAN BAMBU KONSTRUKSI PADA OUTLET PENJUAL BAMBU DI KELURAHAN KINILOW KECAMATAN TOMOHON UTARA Safisa, Anita S.; Walangitan, Hengki D.; Pengemanan, Paulus A.
COCOS Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : COCOS

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ABSTRACT  The research aims to identify the quantity of demand and marketing outlets bamboo constuction in the bamboo sales outlets in Kinilow urban village. The research used interview method with the tools of the questionnaire for 4 respondents. The result of research showed that in general, the quantity of demand basically very fluctuated. The size demand of bamboo construction was difficult to set, but stock of bamboo keep provided all the time. Estimated within a week of bamboo construction available approximately as much as 1000 tips. The quantity of bamboo construction demands each month ranges from 750 to 1000 tips. Construction bamboo producers that was too small had very simple marketing outlets. There were 2 marketing outlets, (1) the farmers (producers) sold to consumers directly. (2) the farmers (producers) sold to collectors and then the collectors sold to consumers.  Keywords : Bamboo Construction, Demand, Marketing Outlets, Kinilow urban village
KERAGAMAN JENIS TANAMAN PADA SISTEM AGROFORESTRI PEKARANGAN DI DESA WAREMBUNGAN Yoman, Yaromi; Pangemanan, Euis F.S.; Ratag, Semuel P.
COCOS Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v1i2.20108

Abstract

ABSTRACT  The traditional agroforestry homegarden in the village when judging from the vegetation composition it have interesting characteristics. Village homegarden ecosystems have a very diverse ecosystem service function and play an important role in the lives of rural communities. The purpose of this research is to know the diversity of plant species in agroforestry homegarden in Warembungan Village. The method used in this research is the interview method by using questionnaires as a means of collecting primary data and secondary data and direct field observation Based on the results of research in Warembungan Village, Pineleng District found 53 species of homegarden plants. The diversity of plant species consists of 24 families. The diversity of plant species consists of 24 families. Most of the homegarden plants are spices with 279 plants, 257 fruits plants, and 180 vegetables plants. Meanwhile, 159 tuber plants 90 ornamental plants, and 82 timber plants.Total individu 1,047 plants and the location of front, side and back of respondent's house.  Keywords :Diversity of plant, types, agroforestry, homegarden
STRUKTUR DAN KOMPOSISI POHON DI HABITAT BURUNG MALEO (Macrocephalon maleo S. Muller, 1846) DI TANJUNG BINEREAN, DESA MATAINDO Silayar, Riyanto; Pollo, Hard N.; Tasirin, Johny S.
COCOS Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v1i2.20612

Abstract

ABSTRACT Macrocephalon maleo S. Muller, 1846, an endemic bird species to Sulawesi and classified as Endangered, is now used as flagship species for conservation purpose. Conversion of its habitat, habitat loss and fragmentation, and degraded habitat quality are several suspected factors that impacted the bird population. Its habitat in Tanjung Binerean at Mataindo Village, South Bolaang Mongondow Regency is now suspected to be declined in form of habitat quality. The aims of this research was to analyze Maleo Bird's habitat based on tree structure and composition. The researh was done in Tanjung Binerean at Mataindo Village, South Bolaang Mongondow Regency in June 2017 by Systematic Strip Method. Data were collected from three transects on 25 plots, and were analysed its relative frequency distribution. The result showed that there were 56 tree species that dominated by Alianthus integrifolia (21,23 %), Cananga odorata (12,16 %), Canarium asperum (8,82 %), and Ficus septica (8,32 %). This imply that the Maleo's habitat is now in disturbed condition with the presence of F. septica.Keywords : Macrocephalon maleo, South Bolaang Mongondow Regency, habitat, flagship species, Ficus septica
DESKRIPSI VEGETASI HUTAN MANGROVE DI DESA PUNGKOL, KECAMATAN TATAPAAN Senen, Hardy; Lasut, Marthen Th.; Tasirin, Johny S.
COCOS Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : COCOS

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ABSTRACT  Pungkol Village is an important area of mangrove forest located on the northern coastal part of North Sulawesi.  The aims of this research was to describe mangrove plant species found at Pungkol Village area by Cencus Method.  Research finding on 25 ha mangrove area showed that there were 17 major species group, which are Avicennia marina, Avicennia officinalis, Avicennia rumphiana, Aegiceras floridum, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Bruguiera parviflora, Bruguiera sexangula, Ceriops tagal, Ceriops decandra, Rhizophora apiculata, Rhizophora mucronata, Rhizophora stylosa, Sonneratia alba, Sonneratia ovata, Thespesia populnea, Xylocarpus granatum dan Xylocarpus moluccensis.  The plants are grouped in 16 families, they are Avicenniaceae, Rhizophoraceae, Myrsinaceae, Sonneratiaceae, Meliaceae and Malvaceae.  Rhizophoraceae has the highest number of species found (8 species), followed by Avecenniaceae (3 species).  Keywords : Pungkol Village, mangrove forest, species description

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