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Search results for , issue "Vol 1, No 5 (2017)" : 10 Documents clear
KARAKTERISTIK IMAGO SITOPHILUS ORYZAE DAN S. ZEAMAIS PADA BERAS DAN JAGUNG PIPILAN (CHARACTERICS OF IMAGO SITOPHILUS ORYZAE AND S. ZEAMAIS ON RACE AND CORN) Gwijangge, Paut; Manueke, Jusuf; Manengkey, Guntur S.J.
COCOS Vol 1, No 5 (2017)
Publisher : COCOS

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Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study aims to determine the differences of imago characteristics of S. oryzae and S. zeamais onrice and corn. This research used descriptive observational method by identifying the externalmorphology and describe all the observed parts. Morphological characters were observed byobserving the external morphological features of insects including differences of body size, bodycolor, antenna, rostrum, and other morphological features. Observation of body color by binocularmicroscope included overall body color, color and form of elytra, foot color, antenna and rostrum.Body sizes were measured by using ruler or millimeter scale paper by means of insect anesthesia byusing ethyl acetate, then stretching the body of insects in full on white paper with millimeter scaleplaced underneath the insects. Results of the study indicated that the S. oryzae imago were brightblack or brownish black, having four oval pictures on elytra, and reddish brown legs. Imago of S.zeamais were solid black or dark color with four yellowish brown pictures on elytra, and brownishyellow legs. The average body length of S. oryzae young adult was 2.16 mm (ranged from 2.0 to2.4 mm), and for adult was 3.36 mm (ranged from 3.0 to 3.7 mm). The average body length of S.zeamais young imago was 2.54 mm (ranged from 2.4-2.7 mm), and 4.78 mm (range 3.7 to 4.7 mm)for the older imago. The observation of adult male and female body size differences of S. oryzaeand S. zeamais showed that adult females were larger than males. The roustrum (snout) of femaleinsects was longer and bigger, while the male imago was shorter and thinner. Abdominal end of themale imago when viewed from the lateral direction showed a curved shape and when viewed fromthe posterior direction showeda tapered shape. The female abdomen when viewed from the lateraldirection was not curved or straight back, and seen from the posterior direction was rather enlargedand blunt. The average length of S. oryzaerostrum was of 0.16 mm (ranged from 0.1 to 0.24 mm)for adult males and 0.32 mm (range 0.2-0.4 mm) for adult females, while S. zeamais was 0.5 mm(ranged from 0.4-0.6 mm) formale imago, and 0.62 mm (range 0.5-0.7 mm) for female imago.Antenna of S. oryzae and S. zeamaisshowed of an angle shape with a club type. The averageantenna length ofS. oryzae was 0.94 mm (ranged from 0.8 to 1.1 mm) for adult males and 1.46 mm(range 1.2 to 1.8 mm) for adult females;S. zeamais antenna length was 1.9 mm (range 1.7- 2.1 mm)for adult males, and 2.5 mm (ranged from2.2-2.6 mm) for adult females. The sex ratio difference ofS. oryzae and S. zeamais was 0.8 (ranged from 0.7-0.9) for S. oryzae, and 0.7 (ranged from 0.67 to0.85) for S. zeamais.Key word : Characteristics of adult. S. oryzae, S. zeamais, Race, Corn.
PENGARUH PULSING DENGAN AIR KELAPA DAN SUHU PENYIMPANAN TERHADAP MUTU BUNGA POTONG MAWAR (Rosa hybrida) Rengkuan, Riva R.; Longdong STP, MP, Ireine A.N.; Lengkey, MSi., Dr. Ir. Lady C. Ch.
COCOS Vol 1, No 5 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v1i5.15847

Abstract

ABSTRACTEffects of pulsing and low temperature storage on the vase life of rose cut flowers had been studied. To prolong the postharvest life or flowering display of rose cut flowers by pulsing them after picking, that is, putting the stems in a sugar solution. The objectives of this study was to get the best pulsing time, vase life and quality change i.e the wilting percentage of rose cut flowers. First step of this research was pulsing the rose cut flowers with a coconut water for 1, 2, and 3 hours, then stored those flowers in low temperature 5,250C. The results showed that pulsing the rose cut flowers in coconut water for 2 hours is the best pulsing time and can prolong the vaselife until 40 days.Keyword : Pulsing, coconut water, rose cut flowers, cold storage
PEMANFAATAN TUMBUHAN OBAT OLEH SUKU MANGE DI KECAMATAN TALIABU UTARA KABUPATEN PULAU TALIABU PROVINSI MALUKU UTARA Usaha, Yusri La; Pangemanan, Euis F.S.; Lasut, Marthen T.
COCOS Vol 1, No 5 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v1i5.16615

Abstract

ABSTRACTTraditional medicine has long been known by our ancestors since time immemorial. The utilization of medicinal plants by Mange tribe especially those whose raw materials come from nature has long been known and this knowledge has been passed down from generation to generation. This research has been conducted in April - May and November 2016 with the aim to know the types and ways of utilizing medicinal plants. Data were collected through direct interviews of Batra (traditional healers) and field observations. The results showed that 40 species of plants from 29 families were used as medicine by boiling, given directly, taken without boiling and in the form of potion.Keywords: Traditional healers, medicinal plants, Mange tribe.
ANALISIS KUALITAS AIR DISEKITAR SITUS TPA SUMOMPO KOTA MANADO Su, Maria Insiana; Warouw, Verry R. Ch.; Theffie, Karamoy Lientje
COCOS Vol 1, No 5 (2017)
Publisher : COCOS

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Abstract

ABSTRACTThe research was conducted around the site of the final processing site (TPA) of Sumompo Manado municipal waste, with the aim to analyze the water quality around the Sumompo TPA site. Benefits of research that can provide information to the community and local government about the quality of water around the Site TPA waste, including: Groundwater quality, surface water and leachate. The research was conducted using survey method and the data was analyzed by desktritif, tabelaris and garif. TPA sampling point using GPS (Global Position System), and determination of sampling point by purposive sampling technique. The parameters observed through physical, chemical and microbiological aspects. The results showed that the total coliform parameters for springs, wells and boreholes respectively were 17, 27 and 2 APM / 100ml, which means exceeding the quality standard of water in accordance with Permenkes N0. 492 of 2010. The quality of leachate river water with BOD parameters 110 mg / l, COD 323 mg / l, TDS 1830 mg / l, and Nitrate 13.10 mg / l which has exceeded the quality standard according to class II based on PP. No. 82 in 2001. Leachate quality of inlet leachate and leachate drainage with COD, TDS and Nitrate parameters were 898 mg / l, 4130 mg / l and 111.01 mg / l and 334 mg / l, 5170 mg / l, respectively, L and 144.6 mg / l exceeding the leachate effluent quality standard. In accordance with the Standard Operating Standards Manual (NSPM) 2006.Keywords: Sumompo TPA, Water Quality
ANALISIS KETERSEDIAAN AIR UNTUK TANAMAN TOMAT (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill) DAN JAGUNG (Zea mays L.) DI TONSEWER Zulkarnain, Musa F.; Lientje, Karamoy Th.; Mawara, Jody M.
COCOS Vol 1, No 5 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v1i5.15882

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe study aims to analyze the adequacy of water in the area Tonsewer for the growth of tomato plants and corn. This research conducted in Tonsewer village, West Tompaso. Materials and equipment use are drill, ring sampels, hoes, sholves, machetes, laboratory equipment, sack,plastic, rubber, 10 years of climate data (monthly rainfall, humidity, watering time,wind speed, maximum and minimum temperatures), soil data, and plants data.The result using the model of CropWat8 that condition the availability of water for crops as tomatoes and corn sufficient available. Planting June 1st decreased soil moisture ahead of the third phase of growth of tomato plants.Tomato plants need sufficient water in the initiation phase/transplanting and in the initial phase until the final disposal phase of fruitformation. Planting time June 1st and July 1st the reduction soil moisture at planting time these two accurred in the third growth phase reach a position under conditions readily available in the fourth growth phase.Keywords : water availability, evapotranspiration, CropWat8 model
KOMPOSISI DAN STRUKTUR VEGETASI HUTAN MANGROVE DI DESA SAPA KABUPATEN MINAHASA SELATAN (COMPOSITION AND STRUCTURE VEGETATION OF MANGROVE FOREST IN SAPA VILLAGE, SOUTH MINAHASA DISTRICT) Ndede, Indra G.; Tasirin, MScF., Dr. Ir. Johny S.; Sumakud, MSc., Ir. Maria Y.M.A.
COCOS Vol 1, No 5 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v1i5.16614

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study aimed to determine the composition of the species and structure of mangrove forests in Sapa Village South Minahasa District. The study was conducted in October-November 2016. The Important Value Index (INP) obtained from vegetation analysis was used as an indicator to describe the composition and structure of mangrove forest. Plot assisted path method is used in vegetation analysis. Created 10 lane hayal with a width of 200 m divided into 10 segments, there are 69 plots to obtain data and species of mangroves. This study showed that 7 species from 4 mangrove families in Sapa Village, namely : Rhizophoraceae (Ceriops Tagal, Rhizophora mucronata, Rhizophora apiculata, Bruguiera gymnorhiza), Sonneratiaceae (Sonneratia alba), Avicenniaceae (Avicennia officinalis), Meliaceae (Xylocarpus granatum). Species with the highest INP values are Sonneratia alba at all growth rates, trees with INP values of 178.63%, stakes 101.14%, and 65.37% seedlings. The mangrove trees in Sapa village are found in a diameter range of 10 to 20 cm.Keywords : composition and structure vegetation, Sapa Village.
STATUS HARA N P K DI SEKITAR PERAKARAN TANAMAN CABAI (Capsicum annum L) DI DESA WAWONA KECAMATAN TATAPAAN INDAH KABUPATEN SELATAN Melale, Meisye G.; Pioh, Diane D.; Kaunang, Djoni
COCOS Vol 1, No 5 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v1i5.15872

Abstract

ABSTRACTPepper (Capsicum annuum L.), which include Family Solanaceae is a herbaceous plant taken the fruit that has a spicy flavor because it contains substances capsaisin. The study aims to determine the status of Hara N P K around rooting Plant Chilli (Capsicum annuum L) In the village of Wawona district of gaze Beautiful. This research was conducted in the village of Wawona for 2 months from February to March 2017. The research was conducted with survey method with direct observations in the field of further soil sampling for laboratory analysis. Nutrients observed that the content of nutrients around the plant roots chili. Results obtained the nitrogen in the soil around the roots mixed show is classified, elements phosphorus around the root range from medium to high and phosphorus in the soil around the roots mixed classified, elements potassium around the roots of a low to high and the soil around the roots are mixed, the content potassium is above the limit of potassium deficiency.Keyword: Status Hara, Nutrients N P K, Chili Plant
PENAMPILAN KARAKTER HASIL EMPAT VARIETAS PADI MELALUI SISTEM TANAM JAJAR LEGOWO 2:1 DI DESA TINCEP KABUPATEN MINAHASA Rumagit, Marina F.; Pinaria, Arthur; Tilaar, Wenny
COCOS Vol 1, No 5 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v1i5.15848

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study was to determine performance of the four rice varieties based on yield characters at Tincep village, Minahasa regency. The research was conducted in the Tincep Village, District of Sonder, Minahasa regency from June to October 2016. The experimental designed was used Randomized Block Design (RBD). The treatment were fout rice varieties namely Ciherang (P1), Mekongga (P2), Cigeulis (P3), and Suluttan Unsrat 2 (P4). Each treatment was replicated three times. The results showed that the treatment of the four varieties were not different base on observed characters viz weight of 1000 grain, harvest grain weight , number of unfilled grain, grain dry weight, and number of filled grain.Keywords : Varieties rice, yield characters, jajar legowo
KARAKTERISTIK FISIKOKIMIA KUE SEMPRONG DARI CAMPURAN TEPUNG PISANG GOROHO (Musa acuminate, L) DAN TEPUNG SAGU (Metroxylon sago, Rottb) Uller, Memey Elim; Sumual, Maria F.; Nurali, Erny .
COCOS Vol 1, No 5 (2017)
Publisher : COCOS

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Abstract

ABSTRACTThis research were aimed to evaluate the sensory characteristics of eggroll cookies acceptable to the panelists, to determine the physicochemical characteristics and to obtain the mostpreferable formulas of goroho plantain flour and sago flour. This study used Completely Randomized Design (RAL) with treatment A (100% goroho plantain flour), B (75% gorohoplantain flour and 25% sago flour), C (50% goroho plantain flour and 50% sago flour), D (25% goroho plantain flour and 75% sago flour) and E (100% sago flour). Parameters analyzed were sensory, fracture force and chemical composition i.e moisture, ash, fat, protein and carbohydrate. Results showed that eggroll cookies made of 75% goroho banana flour and 25% sago flour were the most preferred cookies which have a fracture force of 24 mm/g/sec and chemical composition of 4.04% moisture, ash 1.7%, fat 27.49%, 3.35% protein, and 63.42% carbohydrate.Keywords: eggroll cookies, goroho plantain flour, sago flour
KAJIAN BEBERAPA SIFAT FISIK TANAH DI LAHAN PERTANAMAN STROBERI (Fragaria vesca L) DI KELURAHAN RURUKAN KOTA TOMOHON Rumere, Welminama Marice; Kamagi, Yani E.B.; Supit, Joice M.
COCOS Vol 1, No 5 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v1i5.15897

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study aims to determine some physical properties of soil on strawberry plantation land in Rurukan urban Tomohon. The things observed in this research are: Soil Texture Weight Fill Soil Soil Porosity, Soil Permeability and Soil Water Level. Implementation of research activities in the field is done through the stages as follows: Data collection / soil samples were conducted on plots of strawberry plantation at the 15th week after planting consisting of: Land does not use compost and without plastic mulch (K0P0). Land with compost (K) and plastic mulch (P) with compost dose level, namely: 1) 0 ton / ha (K0P1); 2). 15 ton / ha (K1P1); 3). 30 ton / ha (K2P1); 4). 45 ton / ha (K3P1); And 5). 60 tons / ha (K4P1). That with compost treatment with different doses and plastic mulch and soil treatment resulted in differences in the percentage of sand, dust and clay fraction which then gave different values on the weight of soil contents, porosity, permeability and water content in strawberry plantation.Keywords: study. Some physical properties of soil, strawberry plantation land.

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