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Articles 14 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 3, No 6 (2013)" : 14 Documents clear
Profil Usaha Pengolahan “Cap Tikus” di Desa Tokin Baru Kecamatan Motoling Timur Wala, Susan D.; Benu, Olfie L.S.; Sondakh, Mex F.L.; Pangemanan, Lyndon R.J.
COCOS Vol 3, No 6 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v3i6.3032

Abstract

ABSTRACTSusan Wala. The Profile of “Cap Tikus” Processing Industry in Tokin Baru Village East Motoling Sub District. Under guidance of Benu Olfie L.S., as chairman, and Mex F.L Sondakh and L.R.J. Pangemanan as members.The objective of this research is to describe the profile of “cap tikus” processing industry, based on farmers characteristic, industry condition, industry impact to families welfare and cap tikus farmer’s interaction in society. Method used in this research is census method. This research uses primary and secondary data. Primary data are obtained from interviewed with “cap tikus” farmers using questioner to collect the data. Secondary data are obtained from village government/administration office. For describe cap tikus farmers in Tokin baru Village, the data analysis used is descriptive analysis and presented in table form. To calcute cap tikus farmer’s income rate, it uses income analysis followed by R/C analysis to find the feasibility rate of this industry.Cap tikus industry in Tokin Baru Village characterized as home industry (family business) which most of the resources, such as labour and raw materials are from family resources except some fixed active buyed by family. The main problem in this bussines is unstabil prices and the decreased of mayang quality caused by aren tree becoming old. But, the market demands never slack and the ability from farmers who only experts to processing cap tikus make this industry still hold in. This research shows that cap tikus processing industry at Tokin Baru is profitable with R/C ratio 13,02, but if input the calculated cost but not being spend, so the R/C ratio is 0,85. That being held to describe bussines performance in form of bussines managerial evaluation.
BEBERAPA SIFAT FISIK GUBAL ANGSANA (PTEROCARPUS INDICUS) Ireeuw, Belly; Kainde, Reynold P.; Kalangi, Josephus I.; Rombang, Johan A.
COCOS Vol 3, No 6 (2013)
Publisher : COCOS

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Abstract

ABSTRACT This research was to study about some physical properties of angsana (Pterocarpus indicus) sapwood related in wood position to wood position in trunk (base, middle, and tip) and to environmental factors (temperature and humidity). It used a faktorial design in completely randomized block with combinations of 3 environmental condition and 3 wood position in trunk. These nine treatments are repeated three times. The results showed that moisture content, wood density, and volumetric shrinkage of angsana sapwood could be influenced by wood position in trunk (base, middle, and tip). The swelling property of angsana sapwood was not influenced by wood position in trunk but it was influenced by environmental factors. Key words : physical properties, sapwood, wood position, temperature, humidity
Risiko Usahatani Cabai Rawit Pada Masa Tanam I dan Masa Tanam II Di Kecamatan Ranowulu Kota Bitung Potolau, Maytti; Dumais, Joachim N.K.; Anapu, Hanny; Mandei, Juliana R.
COCOS Vol 3, No 6 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v3i6.3125

Abstract

AbstractThe objective of this research are to compute anda compare the chili farming in the both first planting period and second planting period, to compute chili farming income both the first planting period and second planting period. The research location is taken intentionally (purposive sampling) of three villages as the center of the village production chili in three villages namenly Danowudu, Apela II and Kumorsot in five months, from December 2012 until May 2013. Sampling technique census is conducted on 24 respondents divided into two groups based on the first planting period and second planting period. Data used in this research is farmer’s income. Data analysis uses standard deviation, coefficient of variation and lower income limit.The results showed the risk of chili farming in the first period of planting was Rp.2.343.347 with relative level 0.41 and a lower limit of income was Rp 1.081.287. Even the risk of chili farming in the second period of planting was Rp. 4.144.513 with relative level 0.41 and a lower limit of income was Rp – 192.776. The second period of planting had greater risk than the first period of planting. The sources of risk that the chili farming experienced in first and second period of planting are the source of physical risk and the source of economic risk. That chili farming average income in the first period of planting was Rp. 5.917.732 per hectare with the range from Rp 2.854.792 per hectare to Rp 8.910.122 per hectare, and that chili farming average income in the second period of planting was Rp 8.265.574 per hectare with the range from Rp 2.577.415 per hectare to Rp 14.712.370 per hectare.Farmers need to take a risk to get more profit and to intensify their farming. Role of the government is to introduce more technology that can help the farmers in developing chili farming to make it better.
Analisis Pengaruh Distribusi Pendapatan Terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Masyarakat Kota Manado. Sawotong, Arnold Pontoh; Tatuh, Jen; Pakasi, Caroline E.
COCOS Vol 3, No 6 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v3i6.2767

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe greater the difference in the distribution of the "pie" of development, the greater the disparity in income distribution that occurred. Indonesia is classified in the developing world can not be separated from the issue. This research aims: to analyze the effect of income distribution on economic growth in the city of Manado.The research methodology used is quantitative methods. Data used in this study is secondary data. The data will be used are time series data from 2003 to 2012. Data obtained from various sources such as data from Bank Indonesia, BPS Manado City is located in Manado and other agencies involved in the city of Manado. Data were analyzed through the method of Ordinary Least Squre (OLS).The results showed that 1) the distribution of factor income residents of the city of Manado as measured by the Gini ratio has a significant influence on the rate of economic growth of the city of Manado with a positive coefficient. This indicates unequal distribution of income goes in line with the economic growth of Manado, where the higher the level of inequality of income distribution, economic growth in the city of Manado will be increasing as well. 2 ) The effect of other variables that affect the economic growth of Manado include : first , the population growth rate factor of Manado has a significant negative effect on the rate of economic growth , which means that the population growth rate increases, the rate of economic growth of the city of Manado will decrease . Second , government spending Manado factors have a positive effect , but no significant effect on the rate of economic growth in the city of Manado . It means if government spending increases the city of Manado Manado economic growth rose . Third , domestic investment and significant negative effect on the rate of economic growth , which means that if investment in the country also decreased the rate of economic growth of the city of Manado will decrease . Fourth , foreign investment and significant positive effect on economic growth of the city of Manado . It means if the foreign investment increases, the rate of economic growth of the city of Manado increase as well .It can be concluded from the distribution of income affect the economic growth of the city of Manado. Recommended to the government that in the effort to create a more equitable distribution of income, the government should establish and empower the entrepreneurial skills of the people who experience barriers to productive economic activities independently. This work is done so that the poor have a fixed income. The initial step of this program can be reached through the stimulus of working capital to the poor or providing education training (training) aimed at improving the practical economic independence. Current population growth is increasing the government should make a return enterprising in promoting family planning program, and the government should create a program that limits the entry of workers from other areas, so that the density of the city of Manado will not increase.Key Word : Income Distribution, Economic growth
ANALISIS USAHATANI KENTANG DI DESA SINSINGON KECAMATAN PASSI TIMUR KABUPATEN BOLAANG MONGONDOW Langoy, Alfioni W.; Ruauw, Eyverson; Kapantow, Gene H.M.; Talumingan, Celsius
COCOS Vol 3, No 6 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v3i6.3205

Abstract

ABSTRACTAlfioni Wandira Langoy. Analysis of Farming Potatoes in Sinsingon Village, East Passi Subdistrict, Bolaang Mongondow Regency, under the guidance of Eyverson Ruauw, as a chairman, Gene H.M. Kapantow, and Celsius Talumingan, as members.The objective of this study is to analyze farming potatoes in Sinsingon Village, East Passi Subdistrict, Bolaang Mongondow Regency. The benefit of this research is a source of information for farmers in order to develop better farming potato. The data used in this study are primary data obtained through direct interviews with farmers techniques based on questionnaire and secondary data obtained from other agencies such as the Sinsingon Village office. The data obtained in this study is analyzed descriptive, and collected data are presented in tabular form and proceed with the calculation of revenues, expenses, income, analysis of (R / C) and breakeven point analysis (BEP).The results showed that the average revenues each hectare potato farm in the Sinsingon Village was Rp.57.503.700, 00. The production process cost of the average each hectare was Rp.21.399.065, 55. So that the average income of farmers per hectare in a single production process was Rp.36.104.634, 45. Potato farm income in the Sinsingon Village Subdistrict, East Passi, Bolaang Bolaang Regency seen from the results of analysis of Return Cost Ratio (R / C) was more than 1, is 2.68 shows that farmers received income in production process was benefit and breakeven point (BEP) were achieved at the level of production of 5836.1 kg and at a price level of Rp.1.405, 06 /kg.
PEMANFAATAN SAGU BARUK (Arenga Microcarpa) DENGAN UBI JALAR UNGU (Ipomoea Batatas) DALAM PEMBUATAN MIE BASAH Lensun, Cherly I.J.; Nurali, Erny J.N; Langi, Tineke M.; Kandou, Jenny E.A.
COCOS Vol 3, No 6 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v3i6.3340

Abstract

ABSTRACTCommonly, noodles aremade from sorghum flour. Recently, the developing of noodle procesing is become more various. Sweet potato, as a carbohydrate source, nowget a big attention from Indonesia government to be developed as a alternative food. The purposes of this research are to (1) to obtain the optimum concentration of corn starch and purple sweet potato flour in noodle processing ; (2) to analyzed the physical and sensory quality of the resulting noodles. The result shown that the addition of sago flour (25 %) mixedwith purple sweet potato flour (75%) is the most preferred by the panelists for color, taste and smell of a noodle produced. The nutrition content of noodles made from sago “baruk” flour and sweet potato flour are: 0.63 to 1.49% protein,28.02 to 34.94% water, ash 2.02 to 8.76%, and water absorption 8 0.33 to 14, 41% in accordance with SNI.Keywords:Sago, Sweet Potato Purple, Noodle
Analisis Potensi Penyerapan Karbon Atmosferik di Stasiun Penelitian Hutan Bron Desa Warembungan Kab. Minahasa Tasirin, Caroline N.A.C.; Langi, Martina A.; Walangitan, Hengky D.; Kalangi, Josephus I.
COCOS Vol 3, No 6 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v3i6.2927

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study aims to analyze the current carbon stock of Bron Forest Research Station, Warembungan village, regency of Minahasa, and to analyze the potential of Bron Forest Research Station in sequestering atmospheric carbon. This study was done in Bron Forest Research Station, Warembungan village, regency of Minahasa, for three months. Measurements for this study were done in 15 systematically placed observation plots. The measured variables were diameter at breast height, bole height, and the mass of litter and understory.The results of this study shows that Bron Forest Research Station has a total biomass of 49,821.84 tonnes, or 996.44 tonnes/ha. This biomass consists of 23,416.27 tonnes of carbon, atau 468.33 tonnes/ha. Up to the time of the study, Bron Forest Research Station has sequestered 85,859.65 tonnes of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, or 1,717.19 tonnes/ha. Assuming the forest does not undergo any significant change, Bron Forest Research Station will potentially increase its biomass as by 4.66 tonnes/ha/year, or 232.90 tonnes/year for the entire 50-hectares area. This additional biomass entails an increase of carbon stock by 1.72 tonnes/ha/year, or as much as 86.17 tonnes/year for the whole area. Bron Forest Research Station will potentially sequester an additional 6.32 tonnes/ha/year of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, or as much as 315.97 tonnes/year for the whole area.Keywords: biomass, carbon sequestration, carbon dioxide sequestration.
INSIDENSI PENYAKIT KARAT PADA KACANG MERAH (Vigna angularis (Willd) Ohwi& H.Ohashi) DI KABUPATEN MINAHASA Husain, Wati; Manengkey, Guntur S.J.; Makal, Henny V.G.; Paath, Johanna M.
COCOS Vol 3, No 6 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v3i6.3001

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study aims to determine the symptoms and the incidence of rust disease on red beans in Minahasa Regency. The research was conducted in July to Oktober 2012 in the village of Tonsewer, Toured and Tumaratas. Continued research in the Laboratory of Microbiology and Plant Diseases, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Sam Ratulangi Manado, to observe microscopic rust disease symptoms on kidney beans. The method used was a survey method by making an incision on the diagonal red bean plant sample plots with a size of 2 x 2 m and subsequent rust disease incidence was observed in these plants. Based study showed that the rust disease caused by a Uromyces sp. fungus that has synctoms on the upper and bottom leaf surface of the small spot form with the color rather pale, sligthly up (stand). In general these tiny spots surrounded by a chlorotic part, although there are also the only form of brown spots. Incidence of the disease increases with age of the plant until near harvest and the fourth observation in the village of Tonsewer 47.06 %, village of Toure 46.08 % and village of Tumaratas 47.06 %.Keyword: Imcidence of rust disease on red beans, Uromyces sp.
PENGARUH PERBANDINGAN SANTAN DAN AIR TERHADAP RENDEMEN, KADAR AIR DAN ASAM LEMAK BEBAS (FFA) VIRGIN COCONUT OIL(VCO) Ahmd, Moh. Irwanto; Mandey, Lucia C.; Langi, Tineke M.; Kandou, Jenny E.A.
COCOS Vol 3, No 6 (2013)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v3i6.2746

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study aims to get a comparison coconut milk and water right on the manufacture Virgin Coconut Oil on yield, moisture content and free fatty acid (FFA), appropriate quality standards and ISO 7381:2008 International Standard(APCC) of Virgin Coconut Oil. This research was conducted in the Laboratory of the Faculty of Agriculture Department of Agriculture fac Sam Ratulangi University. This research used Completely Randomized Design (CRD), which consists of 3 (three) in the treatment of coconut milk and water mixture ratio, with Al treatment 1: 0.5 (1700 ml coconut milk: 850 ml of water); treatment A2 1: 1 (1700 ml 1700 ml coconut water); treatment A3 1: 2 (1700 ml coconut milk: 3400 ml of water), with 3 (three) replications. Observed variables include yield, moisture content, and free fatty acids (FFA). Results in the treatment of Al (1: 0.5) shows the yield value of 15.67 0.13% water content, and free fatty acids (FFA) 0.15%. Results in treatment A2 (I: 1) demonstrate the value of yield 19.72%, water content 0.17%, and free fatty acids (FFA) 0.16%. The yield on the A3 treatment (1: 2) indicates the value of the yield 20%, water content 0.18%, and free fatty acids (FFA) 0.17%. Comparison of the coconut milk and water treatment A3 (1: 2) gave the best results in accordance with ISO 7381:2008 yield value of 20%, water content 0.13% in treatment A1, A2 0.17%, A3 0.18%, while the free fatty acids (FFA) in the treatment of A1 0.15%, 0.16% A2, A3 0, 17%. These results are in accordance with the quality standards according to the Asian Pacific Coconut Community (APCC). Keywords: Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO), coconut milk, Water
JAMUR YANG BERASOSIASI DENGAN PLUTELLA XYLOSTELLA L. PADA SENTRA TANAMAN KUBIS DI KOTA TOMOHON DAN KECAMATAN MODOINDING Soewarno, Waywind; Pinaria, Betsy A.N.; Salaki, Christina L.; Pinontoan, Odi R.
COCOS Vol 3, No 6 (2013)
Publisher : COCOS

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Abstract

ABSTRACTThe aims of the research is to identify the fungi associated with the death P. xylostella larvae. The research was carried out during 3 (three) months i.e. started from August until November 2012, which is located in the Tomohon City and District of Modoinding. Working procedures of the study include: (1) a collection of the death P. xylostella larvae by taking samples along with cabbage leaves, (2) identification of fungi associated with dead P. larvae xylostella through macroscopic and microscopic observations and isolation on PDA + AB medium by direct plating and dilution. The results showed that there are five species of fungi of the death P. xylostella larvae, namely Hirsutella sp. , Metarhizium sp, Penicillium sp., Fusarium sp., and Aspergillus sp. The species of fungi Hirsutella sp. and Metarhizium sp. including entomopathogenic fungi, while Penicillium sp., Fusarium sp., and Aspergillus sp. may be opportunistic or saprophyte.Keyword: Dead P.xylostella larvae, entomopathogenic fungi, opportunistic fungi

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