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Search results for , issue "Vol 5, No 4 (2014)" : 10 Documents clear
Penentuan Umur Simpan Sirup Pala Menggunakan Metode ASLT (Accelerated Shelf Life Testing) Dengan Pendekatan Arrhenius Sandana, Fallen B.; Rawung, Dekie; Ludong, Maya; Mamuaja, Christine
COCOS Vol 5, No 4 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v5i4.6865

Abstract

ABSTRACTNutmeg syrup is one way to diversify products of nutmeg. IKM “Sari Fruit” is one of nutmeg syrup producers in North Sulawesi, especially in the District Sitaro. However, nutmeg syrup in the market has not specified expiration date. One method that can be used to determining the shelf life of food product is ASLT (Accelerated Shelf Life Testing). This research aims to determine the shelf life of nutmeg syrup production IKM "Sari Fruit" Sitaro using ASLT (Accelerated Shelf Life Testing) with the Arrhenius approach. The benefit of this research is to give information and advice to the industry of nutmeg syrup to determine the shelf life of the product before it is marketed. In this research, nutmeg syrup stored at 30 ° C, 35 ° C and 40 ° C for 4 weeks. The parameters used to analyze the decline in the quality of nutmeg syrup are pH, sugar content, viscosity, total yeast and organoleptic tests. The results showed that the shelf life calculations are based on the pH because it has the smallest activation energy, ie 4,025.66 cal / mol. Shelf life of nutmeg syrup at room temperature storage (27 ° C) was 13.6 weeks.Keywords : Nutmeg syrup, shelf life, ASLT, Arrhenius
KAJIAN USAHA AGROINDUSTRI BERBAHAN BAKU NIRA AREN (CAP TIKUS DAN GULA AREN) DI DESA TOKIN KECAMATAN MOTOLING TIMUR Wua, Sandi K.; Katiandagho, Theodora M.; Kumaat, Ribka M.; Tangkere, Ellen G.
COCOS Vol 5, No 4 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v5i4.6000

Abstract

ABSTRACTMotoling regionis was an area with a lot of natural resources that can be processed to improve the usability and open jobs for the community. One of the natural resources that can be processed was palm trees that can be processed into Nira products such as alcoholic palm wine and palm sugar. More specifically in the village of the Tokin District of East Motoling it can be said that the treatment of alcoholic palm wine and palm sugar which has good potential for production and consumption habits of local communities to alcoholicpalm wine and palm sugar was exceptionally high.Collecting data of this study was obtained from the product processor farmers as many as 30 people consisted of 22 people from alcoholic palm wine and 8 people from palm sugar, by using a list of questions (questionnaire) as a tool, and secondary data of government agent related with this research.The research result showed that the difference between the revenue of alcoholic palm wine and palm sugar based on data from the real data without calculating the cost of labor and raw materials, was total ratio for alcoholic palm wine farmer acquired the R/C ratio of 21,36 and palm sugar with R/C ratio of 20,89. And the total profit for collecting trader alcoholic palm wine was Rp 10.298.805/month and for the palm sugaris was Rp 5.890.752/month. As for the alcoholic palm wine retailers was Rp1.380.000/month and for palm sugar retailer was Rp 990,000/month. It can be concluded that the business of processing and marketing of alcoholic palm wine collecting trader palm sugar.
PERANAN SEKTOR PERTANIAN TERHADAP PEREKONOMIAN KABUPATEN BOLAANG MONGONDOW TIMUR Lapadjawa, Jelita; Benu, Olfie L.S.; Rumagit, Grace A.J.; Wangke, Welson M.
COCOS Vol 5, No 4 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v5i4.6560

Abstract

ABSTRACTJelita Lapadjawa, 100314045, Role of the Agricultural Sector of the Economy East Bolaang Mongondow Regency under the guidance of Olfie L.S Benu as chairman, Grace A. J Rumagit and Welson M. Wangke as members. This study aims to determine (1) the role of the agricultural sector in the East Bolaang Mongondow Regency Economy, (2) the development of the agricultural sector within 5 years, from 2008 to 2012, and (3) whether the agricultural sector is a base or non base sector. The research was conducted in the East Bolaang Mongondow Regency. The data used was secondary data, collected from Statistics Indonesia (BPS) both at Kotamobagu City Office and North Sulawesi Province Office. The data was then analyzed using the contribution formula, the growth formula, and Location Quotient (LQ).The results showed that the agricultural sector was not the biggest contributor to the regional economy of the East Bolaang Mongondow Regency. The results of the study alsonoted that the development of the agricultural sector to the GRDP showed an increase from the year 2008- 2012, with the largest increase occurred in 2010 with the growth rate of 6%, and in 2012 it reached 4.66%. This could mean that the agricultural sector in the East Bolaang Mongondow already had good productivity. From the LQ analysis, it was shown that Agriculture was a base sector in the East Bolaang Mongondow, meaning that the role of agriculture in the East Bolaang Mongondow was larger compared its role in the province of North Sulawesi. Moreover, within Agriculture sector, it was shown that forestry, plantations and farms were the leading subsectors.
HUBUNGAN SOSIAL EKONOMI RUMAH TANGGA TANI DENGAN PENERAPAN AGROFORESTRI DI DESA KAYUUWI KECAMATAN KAWANGKOAN BARAT KABUPATEN MINAHASA Djela, Meldi; Walangitan, Hengki D.; Kainde, Reynold P.; Nurmawan, Wawan
COCOS Vol 5, No 4 (2014)
Publisher : COCOS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACTRELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIO-ECONOMIC of FARMER?s HOUSEHOLD WITH THE AGROFORESTRY IMPLEMENTATION IN VILALLAGE KAYUUWI SUBDISTRICT KAWANGKOAN WEST MINAHASA DISTRICTThe goal of this research is to describe the level of agroforestry implementation and analyze the relationship between socio-economic of farmer?s households with agroforestry implementation in Village Kayuuwi Subdistrict Kawangkoan West Minahasa District. This study was conducted over two months from May to July 2014.The study was conducted by survey method. Retrieving data using purposive method (deliberately) while agroforestry implementation analyzed descriptively and the chi-square analysis (x2) used for agroforestry associated with socio-economic. The results showed that the rate of adoption of agroforestry are found on farm land unit is passably agroforestry is 43.33% while the less common is a good agroforestry is 16.67%. The level of agroforestry implementation have a relationship with socio-economic factors, which is the non-formal education.Keywords: Agroforestry, Social Economic, Village Kayuuwi.
Analisis Keuntungan Industri Kecil Roti Allen di Kelurahan Tinoor satu Kecamatan Tomohon Utara Kaparang, Liberty; Rumagit, Grace A.J.; Kumaat, Ribka M.; Tangkere, Ellen G.
COCOS Vol 5, No 4 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v5i4.6031

Abstract

ABSTRACTLiberty Kaparang. Analysis of Advantage of Small Industry “Allen” Bread. (Under Guidance of Grace. A.J. Rumagit, as Chairman ; Ribka. M. Kumaat, ; Ellen. G. Tangkere as members.Agricultural and industrial sectors are the two sectors that play an important role in the Indonesian economy. As a mainstay in economic development, the sector is expected to contribute in improving the equitable and income for the community.The objective of this research is to analyze how the benefits received in the“Allen” bakery industry in Tinoor Village, North Tomohon Sub District in one process of production. The research conducted for approximately three months, and the data collected in the form of primary data were taken directly from the owner of the “Allen” bakery industry in Tinoor village, North Tomohon Sub District.The research result showed that the average profit made by small industries in one process of production was Rp. 2,899,509, with an average cost of Rp 2,300,491 from an average of 4,000 packs of bread production at a price of Rp 800 and Rp.1800.Revenue Cost Ratio Analysis showed that the “Allen” bakery industry in Tinoor village its R/C was 2,2 or it’s ratio was greater than one or the industry obtained profit. In this bread industry, the revenue was greater than cost, therefore the industry could get profit the use for the next production.
Analisis Finansial Industri Rumah Kayu CV Rajawali Tunggal Perkasa di Desa Woloan 1 Utara Kecamatan Tomohon Barat. Soemingkar, M. Kisal M.; Ruauw, Eyverson; Mandey, Juliana R.; Rengkung, Leonardus R.
COCOS Vol 5, No 4 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v5i4.6485

Abstract

AbstractThe objective of this research is to find out the feasibility of CV Rajawali Tunggal Perkasa wooden house business in North Woloan 1 village, West Tomohon sub District. The research was done for nine months, from February, 2014 to October, 2014. Source of data used were primary data and secondary data related to this research. Data was analyzed by using financial analysis methods, comprising of Net Present Value (NPV), Internal Rate of Return, Benefit-Cost Ratio (B/C Ratio), Payback Period (PBP), and Sensitivity Analysis.CV Rajawali Tunggal Perkasa wooden house business has an NPV of (Rp 17.908.125.332), B/C Ratio of 1,9 and a Payback Period of 0,283 years which mean that the company has redeemed its investment before the project ends. Results of the financial analysis showed that CV Rajawali Tunggal Perkasa wooden house business was feasible to develop and it’s business is sensitive to price of raw materials increase over 307,8812612145 percent and the selling price of wooden houses decrease by 62,43396290039 percent.Keywords : financial analysis, industry, wooden house
ZONASI TUMBUHAN UTAMA PENYUSUN MANGROVE BERDASARKAN TINGKAT SALINITAS AIR LAUT DI DESA TELING KECAMATAN TOMBARIRI Kolinug, Kendy H.; Langi, Martina A.; Ratag, Semuel P.; Nurmawan, Wawan
COCOS Vol 5, No 4 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v5i4.6561

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis research was conducted to test the relation between salinity and distribution pattern of mangrove vegetation in Teling, district of Tombariri. This research aimed to describe the distribution of main zones of mangrove plant species in relation to the salinity of sea water in Teling, district of Tombariri. This research was conducted from July to August 2014 at the mangrove forest at Teling, the district of Tombariri, North Sulawesi. This research used the combination of plot and line method. There is mangrove zonation in Teling District of Tombariri which consists of (from the sea to the mainland) Sonneratia zone (zone 1), Rhizophora zone (zone 2), and Bruguiera zone (zone 3). Zone 1 is located in the outer portion or directly adjacent to the sea. Zone 2 is between Sonneratia zone and the adjecent land. Zone 3 is located at the rear of Rhizophora zone and only found on one track at the research site. The average salinity values on Sonneratia zone range from 33 ‰ to 35,5 ‰, whereas the range for Rhizophora is from zone 31,8 ‰ to 33,7‰ and Bruguiera zone is 33‰.Keywords: Mangrove, Bunaken National Park, Zoning, Salinity
Model Pemilihan Pemasok Bahan Baku Kelapa Pada PT.Royal Coconut Di Minahasa Utara Dengan Pendekatan Analytic Hierarchy Process Pangemanan, Gabriela R.; Talumingan, Celsius; Benu, Olfie; Tangkere, Ellen G.
COCOS Vol 5, No 4 (2014)
Publisher : COCOS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study aims to analyze the selection of suppliers of coconut raw materials in PT. Royal Coconut with AHP approach (Hirarchy Analytical Process). Data were obtained by interview and questionnaires from the sample determined Judgement sampling and other data obtained from the BPS, the Department of Agriculture and the Department of Trade and Industry, at North Minahasa. Data analysis using AHP approach (Hirarchy Analytical Process)with Expert Choice software 11. The results show that the raw material supplier Area A (region: Maumbi Village, Kawangkoan Village, Village Kolongan, Airmadidi Village, the Village and Village Matungkas Laikit) is a top priority and the second priority area is Area B (region: Tatelu, Talawaan, Airport area) and Area C (Likupang area) and D (region: South Minahasa dan Southeast Minahasa) are the third and forth priority.Methods and Models selection of suppliers of raw materials can be applied by PT. Royal Coconut as reference for decision support system development company. Keyword: PT. Royal Coconut, AHP, Expert Choice, Model Suppliers
PADAT POPULASI DAN PERSENTASE SERANGAN Paracoccus marginatus Wiliams and Granara de Willink (HEMIPTERA: PSEUDOCOCCIDAE) PADA PERTANAMAN PEPAYA MONOKULTUR DAN POLIKULTUR DI KECAMATAN DIMEMBE KABUPATEN MINAHASA UTARA Lolong, Riedel; Mamahit, Juliet M.E.; Pinontoan, Odi R.; Pinaria, Betsy A.N.
COCOS Vol 5, No 4 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v5i4.6229

Abstract

ABSTRACTPapaya is a fairly widely cultivated plant in Indonesia. Fruits of the plant are most commonly used for directly consumption, while the flowers and leaves use as a vegetable. Lately, there are new pests that attack papaya plants, which is papaya mealybug Paracoccus marginatus. This research aimed to find out the population and percentage of the P. marginatus attack on papaya cultivated by monoculture and polyculture. The research was conducted in District of Dimembe, North Minahasa Regency. The research was carried out for 7 months, March to September 2014. This research used a survey methods. Three villages used as sampling sites were in Matungkas Village, Laikit Village and Dimembe Village. Each village was taken three locations of papaya cultivated consisted of monoculture and polyculture. Observations percentage of the attacks mealybugs done visually by symptom. Parts of plants observed were leaf, stem, petiole and fruit.The highest population of P. marginatus found in papaya plantation monocultures in the Matungkas Village with an average of 3669,00 mealybug, followed by the population in the Village of Dimembe 3205,33 mealybug and least found in the Laikit Village with 1379,22 mealybug, while the highest population of P. marginatus in papaya plantation polyculturefound in the Matungkas Village with an average 495,67 mealybug, then in the Laikit Village with an average 423,11 mealybug and the lowest population found in the Dimembe Village with an average 314,00 mealybug. Papaya plantation in Matungkas Village was the highest location attacked and the most parts of the plant that were attacked was leaves with a percentage of 93,33% on the location of monoculture plantations and 63,33% in polyculture plantations location.Keywords: Papaya, Paracoccus marginatus, Population and Percentage of attacks
UJI TEKNIS TRAKTOR KUBOTA TIPE M9540 PADA PENGOLAHAN LAHAN KERING DI KELURAHAN WAILAN, KOTA TOMOHON Assa, Gabriela A.; Rantung, Ruland; Molenaar, Robert; Ludong, Daniel P.M.
COCOS Vol 5, No 4 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v5i4.6586

Abstract

ABSTRACTSoil tillage aims to create physical soil condition suitable for plant growth. It does that by improving soil water and air association as well as water movement in soil. Mechanical soil tillage requires lots of energy; therefore, good tillage practice needs to carefully consider a proper soil condition in order to get the required result. A technical test to Kubota tractor type M9540 with 95 horsepower was done in this research, as it has never been done before in specific soil condition, topography, and climate of the North Sulawesi. The objectives of this research were to measure aspects of effective field capacity and field efficiency, fuel consumption, to calculate tillage cost and tractor Break Even Point. Soil tillage results were also evaluated by measuring soil bulk density, water infiltration and moisture content before and after tillage. The test was done by cultivating the dry land through performing primary and secondary tillage, each was carried out in three replications. The results show that average effective field capacity for first primary tillage was 1.55 m2/second (0.56 ha/hour), second primary tillage was 1.75 m2/second (0.63 ha/hour), and the secondary tillage was 2.72 m2/second (0.98 ha/hour) with average field efficiency was 77.40%, 80.72%, and 56.17% respectively.Total time to complete the first and second primary tillage was 0.11 hour and 0.10 hour, with diesel fuel consumption of 64.17 liters/ha, and 55.44 liters/ha. The secondary tillage required 0.06 hour and fuel consumption of 28.72 liters/ha.The primary and secondary tillage were found to influence the soil moisture content, bulk density, and rate of water infiltration. Tillage basic cost is calculated as Rp.1.765.683 /ha to result a hire charge of Rp. 1.942.251 /ha, and the tractor break-even point was found to be 552 ha/year.Keywords: Tractor, tillage

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