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Search results for , issue "Vol 7, No 5 (2016)" : 10 Documents clear
PARTISIPASI PEREMPUAN PADA PENERAPAN AGROFORESTRI DI DESA WAREMBUNGAN KECAMATAN PINELENG Umagap, Sitti S.; Ratag, Semuel P.; Walangitan, Hengki D.
COCOS Vol 7, No 5 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v7i5.13848

Abstract

ABSTRACTWoman Participation in the Implementation of Agroforestry in the Village of Warembungan, sub-District of PinelengIt is well known that woman has certain participation level varied from household activities to a broader sense such as participation in household income generating. With the exception to woman monthly income that valued in rupiahs, it is very rarely that contribution value of woman participation is quantified. This is happened to all woman community at city and village level as well. At village level, where farming effort ast as prime mover of household economy, it is estimated that the smaller the number of family member, the higher the participation level of woman contribution in farming activities. Warembungan Village, Subdistrict Pineleng is a sample of village where the farming effort in form of agroforestry applied to fulfill the family needs. It is therefore, woman participation level in order to establish its contribution value needs to be quantified. This study aimed to describe the level of woman participation in agroforestry activities, and to further analyze the relation between woman participation and socio-economy factors. Research was conducted in Warembungan Village, subdistrict Pineleng using structured questioner survey analyzed descriptively and then using Chi-square (x2) to see the relation mentioned above. Results showed that the level of participation of women classified as medium category with a percentage of 80%, The female participation rates no significant correlation with socio-economic factors,Keywords: woman participation, Warembungan, socio-economy factors
PENGARUH KONSENTRASI ETANOL TERHADAP KARAKTERISTIK EKSTRAK PEWARNA ALAMI BUAH MERAH (Pandanus conoideus Lamk.) DAN APLIKASINYA PADA PRODUK PANGAN Sirwutubun, Magdalena; Ludong, Maya M.; Rawung, Dekie
COCOS Vol 7, No 5 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v7i5.13866

Abstract

ABSTRACTRed fruit (Pandanus conoideus Lamk) is an endemic plant of Papua that can be developed as one of the food coloring sources of Indonesia. Other than that, red fruit also is a source of natural dyes, because it contains active compounds such as α-carotene, β-carotene, β-kriptosantin, and α-tocopherol, and unsaturated fatty acids, especially oleic acid, linoleic and palmitoleic. Red fruit contains carotenoids that produce the orange-red pigment. The purpose of this research is to analyze the effect of concentration of ethanol on the extraction of red fruit as a natural coloring food and also to analyze the level of applying acceptance of this coloring products to the pudding and layer cake. The method is implememted the Complete Random Design (RAL) with differences concentration of ethanol. The results showed that 70% concentration of etanol yield 0,260 of total carotenoids, 2,856 of color intensity, color stability to light ranges from 0.263 to 0.689. The concentration of 60% ethanol yield of total 0,171 carotenoids, 2,693 color intensity and color stability to light ranges from 0,602 to 0,657. Sensory testing of the extraction of red fruit as a natural dyes to the flavor, aroma, and color that preferred by the panelists is treated with 70% concentration of ethanol.
EFEKTIVITAS Trichoderma sp. METABOLIK DAN Pseudomonas fluorescens TERHADAP PENYAKIT BUSUK LUNAK PADA TANAMAN KOL BUNGA (Brassica oleracea var. Botrytis L.) Runtukahu, Juliana O.; Assa, Berty H.; Manengkey, Guntur S.J.
COCOS Vol 7, No 5 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v7i5.13656

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study is to see Efektivitas Microorganisms antagonists Trichoderma sp.Metabolic and Pseudomonas fluorescens against Rot Disease on Plant Cauliflower for 4 months,namely from March to June 2016 in the Village Paslaten District of Tomohon East and in theLaboratory of Microbiology and Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of SamRatulangi Manado. Research in the laboratory to observe microscopically cause soft rot cauliflowerplants.This research was conducted using the method of randomized block design with 3 treatments,treatment A control without application of microorganisms antagonistic, treatment B withapplication of microorganisms antagonistic Trichoderma sp. metabolic, and treatment C withapplication of microorganisms P. fluorencens. this treatment is repeated 10 times. With ratingsplants infected with the disease formula presentation. The variables measured were presenting thenumber of infected leaves and cauliflower infected.The results showed that of some microorganismused, the most effective at controlling soft rot disease on a cauliflower is Pseudomonas fluorencensobservation with the end result obtained was 30%, followed by Trichodermasp. metabolic 40%.Treatment antagonistic microorganisms is also seen to be effective in inhibiting disease infection onthe leaves of the plant before the formation of flowers.Kata kunci :Efektivitas, Cauliflower, Erwinia carotovora, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Trichodermasp. Metabolic.
KAJIAN PENGARUH PRA PENDINGINAN DAN SUHU PENYIMPANAN TERHADAP UMUR SIMPAN BROKOLI Blongkod, Nur A.; Wenur, Frans; Longdong, Ireine A.
COCOS Vol 7, No 5 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v7i5.13871

Abstract

ABSTRACTA study on the effect of pre-cooling and storage temperature to the storage life of Broccoli has been done. The objective of the study was to determine the changes in weight, changes in texture and color as well as changes in vitamin C of broccoli during storage and to obtain the pre-cooling methods and proper storage temperature which could extending the storage life of Broccoli. This research uses experimental method with descriptive analysis to explain the change in weight, color, vitamin C and texture that occurs in broccoli during storage. Several Broccoli were stored using a combination of treatments as follows: Treatment of pre-cooling (A) consists of: A0 - without pre-cooling, A1 - pre-cooling using water (23ºC), A2 - pre-cooling using ice water (0 °C) and tretment of storage temperature (B) consisting of: B0 - storage at room temperature (27ºC - 28ºC), B1 - storage at a temperature of 10ºC ± 2 °C, B2 – storage temperature of 5 °C ± 2 °C, and B3 - storage temperature of 0°C ± 2 °C. The results showed that broccoli with pre-cooling treatment using ice water at a temperature of 0 °C ± 2 °C is best. The broccoli has not changed in weight, the value of brightness was 40.74, still keep green color and the vitamin C content of 4.605 mg. with the value of hardness at the top of 0.09 mm/g and at the bottom of 0.08 mm/g. Broccoli stored with pre-cooling by ice water at a temperature of 0 °C ±2 °C has a longest storage life compared to other treatments, namely up to 42 days.Keywords: Broccoli, pre-cooling, storage temperature, shelf life
PENDAPATAN USAHA TANI POLA AGROFORESTRI BERBASIS KELAPA (COCOS NUCIFERA) DAN TALAS (COLOCASIA ESCULENTA L) DI DESA KLABAT, KABUPATEN MINAHASA UTARA Kader, Rahmiyanti; Walangitan, Hengki D.; Ratag, Semuel P.; Sumakud, Maria Y.M.A.
COCOS Vol 7, No 5 (2016)
Publisher : COCOS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACTCoconut plantation areas in Indonesia, specifically in North Sulawesi by the owners are tendto use monocultural pattern with only one product, copra. Efficiency in using growing spaceand certain planting pattern in form of agroforestry and its combination will give reciprocalbenefits, i.e. the cleanness of coconut planting area could be maintained with a possibility ofincreasing in coconut product, and economical benefits by utilizing of the unused growingspace on the lower space of coconut plantation area. If the economical benefits could bequantified, application of agroforestry pattern could be practiced to a wider area. Applicationof agroforestry pattern between coconut trees (Cocos nucifera) and taro (Colocasia esculentaL) by farmers who work on coconut plantation area is one of the agroforestry pattern that hasbeen used in Klabat Village, North Minahasa Regency. Lacking in knowledge of economicalvalue of the agroforestry pattern applied is a motivation why this reseach was done. Theaimed of this research was to analyze farming revenue based on agroforestry patternapplication between coconut and taro at Klabat Village, North Minahasa Regency.Questionnaire and interview were employed to collect required data and information using 30purposive respondents. This concluded that planting of both crops in combination resulted inhigher revenues than that of monocultural planting.Key words: agroforestry, Klabat village, farming revenue
SIFAT KIMIA DAN TINGKAT KESUKAAN PERMEN KERAS (Hard Candy) SARI BUAH PALA (Myristica fragrans houtt famili myristicaseae) Tamaka, Claudya A; Djarkasi, Gregoria S.S.; Moningka, Judith S.C.
COCOS Vol 7, No 5 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v7i5.13868

Abstract

ABSTRACTOne alternative meat processing nutmeg namely confectionery products, meat nutmeg can be made as hard candy or soft candy. (Anonymous, 2010). Chewing is a food product that is much-loved. The purpose of this study was to determine the proportion of nutmeg juice and water as the manufacture of candy nutmeg and evaluate the level of preference panelists include taste, odor and color. The results showed that a hard candy (hard candy) nutmeg best and most preferred by the panelists are on treatment A (100% juice nutmeg) with the average value of a sense of 4.00 (like), bau3.74 (like) color 3.79 (love). The test results showed that the water content of proximate hard candy nutmeg (0.54%), hard candies nutmeg sugar (67.60%) and acidity (pH) candy nutmeg (4:02%).Keyword :) Nutmeg fruit juice, Candy, Glucose
PENGARUH BEBERAPA JENIS PAKAN TANAMAN KEHUTANAN TERHADAP KUALITAS DAN KUANTITAS KOKON ULAT SUTERA EMAS (Cricula trifenestrata Helf) ., Hartono; Frans, Terry M.; Kalangi, Josephus I.
COCOS Vol 7, No 5 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v7i5.13765

Abstract

ABSTRACTTHE INFLUENCE OF SOME KIND OF FORESTRY FEED PLANTS TO THEQUALITY AND QUANTITY OF Cricula trifenestrata Helf COCOONSThe research aims to look at the influence of some types on liking of forestry plantsfeed (preference), life cycle, and the quantity and quality of gold silkworm cocoons C.Trifenestrata. This research was conducted from July to October 2015. Data collection wasperformed by the method of completely randomized design (CRD). Data collection wasperformed by completely randomized design (CRD) method.Specifically to see the effect on the quantity of cocoon, research using the completelyrandomized design (CRD) method. Observation is done by counting the number of larvae oneach type of feed. Data were analyzed to find the value of the average percentage for eachtype of feed.The results showed that avocado feed into the main host of C. trifenestrata forpreferred and easy to digest, and provide the best effect against the liking (preference) that is: 24.5%, while eating cinnamon lower than the avocado feed 22.2%, compared to eatingavocado and cinnamon Nantu feed have a lower preference level that is 19.2%, a lower levelcompared to eating avocado, cinnamon, Nantu feed, indicated by the cempaka feed that is17.7%, while feed with the lowest preference level is mahogany feed with 16.7%. TheAverage of long life cycle of insects that are kept on each type of feed as the host,respectively : Cempaka (61,7 days), Mahogany ( 55,9 days), Nantu (49,3 days), Avocado(72,3 days), dan Cinnamon (64,7 days). Avocado feed give the best effect on the quantity ofcocoons prodeced, that is: cocoons weight (95,56 g), heavy leather cocoons (13,9 g), andpercentage cocoons leather (27,07 g). Avocado feed give the best effect on the quality ofcocoon formed (shape and cocoons colour)Keyword : Liking research (preference), Cricula trifenestrata Helf, wood.
DISTRIBUSI EBONI ( Diospyros spp. ) DI KAWASAN PUSAT PEYELAMATAN SATWA TASIKOKI Lamada, Andikha P.; Tasirin, Johny S.; Lasut, Marthen T.
COCOS Vol 7, No 5 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v7i5.13865

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe purpose of this research was to determine the number and species distributionof ebony (Diospyros spp.) at the Animals Rescue Center of Tasikoki. This study wasconducted in North Minahasa Regency, District of Kauditan, Village of Watudambo whichconducted for 6 months, from March to September 2015. Data collcetion was conductedby using the census method, all types of vegetation that resembles the species of ebony(Diospyros spp.) which are located in the area of Animals Rescue Center of Tasikoki wereobserved, which starting from a predetermined point until the entire region was observed.The results of data collection in the field, have been found two species of ebony (Diospyrosspp.), namely Diospyros maritima and Diospyros ebenum with the total of 1864 rods forDiospyros maritima and 63 rods for Diospyros ebenum. To Diospyros maritima wasdivided into four phases of growth, i.e. 1499 at the seedling stage, 249 at stake phase, 98in pole phase, and 18 in tree phase. Most of that four phase of growth, was found in dryand non-flouded areas which adjacent to the coastline in the region. Diospyros ebenum wasdivided into three phases of growth, namely 4 in the seedling phase, 54 in sapling phase,and 5 in poles phase. Most of that three phase of growth also found in dry and non-floadedareas which adjacent to the coastline in the region of Animals Rescue Center of Tasikoki.Keywords: Diospyros spp., species distribution, phase of growth, Animals RescueCenter of Tasisoki.
Struktur Dan Komposisi Tumbuhan Bawah Pada Sistem Agroforestri di Desa Warembungan Umaternate, Aryati; Kainde, Reynold P; Walangitan, Hengki D.
COCOS Vol 7, No 5 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v7i5.13840

Abstract

ABSTRAKStrukrure and Composition of Plants Under the System AgroforestyThe purpose of this study were to analyze and to compare the structure and composition of theundergrowth in agroforestry systems in Warembungan Village. The data collection was done byusing purposive sampling method on 10 plots with size of each plot is 1 m x1 m. Data wereanalyzed using the Importance Value Index (IVI) and Similarity Index (IS) community. Theresults showed that at location A there were 22 species of lower plants where the highest IVI wasAxonopus (29.35 %) and the lowest IVI was Ipomea batatas (0.07 %), then location B there were16 species with Centotheca lappaceae was the highest IVI (26, 27%), and the lowest IVI wasArenga pinnata (0.05 %) and location C there were 11 species of lower plants with Cyathulaprostate was the highest IVI (27.38 %), and the lowest IVI Mimosa pudica (0.65). The highestSimilarity Index (IS) was on location B and C (56.60) compared to the other two locations.Keywords: structure and composition, understory vegetation,agroforestry
POPULASI PARACOCCUS MARGINATUS WILLIAMS & GRANARA DE WILLINK PADA TANAMAN PEPAYA VARIETAS THAILAND DAN VARIETAS LOKAL DI KECAMATAN DIMEMBE KABUPATEN MINAHASA UTARA ANNA MONICA MANGARE1 Mangare, Anna Monica; Mamahit, Juliet M.E.; Memah, Ventje
COCOS Vol 7, No 5 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v7i5.14057

Abstract

ABSTRACTPapaya is a plant widely cultivated in Indonesia. One part of the plant that is oftenconsumed by people is the fruit. In Indonesia recently emerging new pest of papaya plants,the papaya mealybug Paracoccus marginatus. This study aims to determine the populationP. marginatus in thailand papaya fruit varieties and local varieties. The experiment wasconducted in three villages in the district Dimembe North Minahasa regency. Implementationof the study lasted for six months, namely from March to September 2016. This study used asurvey method in three locations that have been defined for the sampling, namely Matungkasvillage, Laikit and Dimembe. Each village selected three planting locations Thailand andlocal papaya varieties. Paerts of plants observed is the fruit. The results showed that thehighest population of mealybug P. marginatus found in papaya varieties Matungkas Thailandvillage, 49,66 grains egg, nymph 557,00 individual, 8,66 imago male individual and femaleimago 138,33 individual. Furthermore, the population in the village Laikit, namely 36,33grains egg, nymph 635,33 individual, 1,00 imago male individual and female imago 40,66individual. The next lowest is in the mralybug population Dimembe with an average of148,66 grains egg, nymph 412,00 individual, the individual 4,66 imago male and femaleimago 58,66 individually, while the local varieties found in the highest population Laikitvillage with an average of 318,66 nymph individual, and female imago 20,33 individual. Thevillage Matungkas second highest with an average of 55,00 grains egg, nymph 214,00individual, 1,00 imago male individual and female imago 40,66 individual. FurthermoreDimembe village which is the lowest population, seen from an egg stadia grains 36,00,214,33 nymph individual, and female imago 38,33 stadia individual.Keyword : Population, Papaya, Paracoccus marginatus.

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