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Articles 9 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 7, No 7 (2016)" : 9 Documents clear
PENGARUH EKSTRAK DAUN JABON, MAHONI DAN CEMPAKA TERHADAP PERKECAMBAHAN BENIH JAGUNG DAN KACANG TANAH Dolame, Yanto; Sumakud, Maria Y.M.A.; Ratag, Semuel P.
COCOS Vol 7, No 7 (2016)
Publisher : COCOS

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ABSTRACTIn land-use commodities usually done by planting peanuts and corn along the tree, needs assessment of the impact of residues from tree Jabon, Mahogany and Cempaka. The research was conducted during the first week in November-December 2015. Every treatment gets 5 replications. Measurements alelopati influence on sprouts peanuts and corn were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA). Leaf Extract Jabon, Mahogany and Cempaka alelopati shows that the effect does not interfere with the growth of sprouts in peanut seeds and corn. Keywords: Leaf extract, Allelopatih, Sprouts.
KARAKTERISTIK FISIKOKIMIA DAN SENSORI MANISAN TOMAT (LYCOPERSICUM ESCULENTUM) Tendean, Finarsih; Lalujan, Lana E.; Djarkasi, G.S. Suhartati
COCOS Vol 7, No 7 (2016)
Publisher : COCOS

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ABSTRACTCandied tomato is a tomato processing alternatives that can be done to take advantage of tomatoes were very susceptible to damage after harvest and are often consumed in fresh form. The purpose of this study to determine the effect of the addition of sugar to the physicochemical characteristics of candied tomatoes and measure the level of a panelists against to candied tomatoes. The research arranged using Factorial Completely Randomized Design with the addition of sugar multilevel treatment. Results of research for the candied tomato water content ranged from 18.45 to 30.94 % . The water content is highest in treatment A2 is the addition of sugar 40 % , while the water content was lowest for the treatment A3 is the addition of sugar to 50% with the drying temperature used in all treatments, 550C. The results of the analysis of sucrose concentration ranged from 44.81 to 70.80 % . Sucrose concentration is highest in the treatment of A4 is the addition of sugar to 60% with an average of 70.80 % , while the sucrose concentration was lowest for the treatment A1 is the addition of sugar to 30% with an average of 44.81 %. The results of the analysis of vitamin C for four treatments ranged from 2.78 to 4.08 mg / 100gr . Texture analysis for the four treatments ranged from 2.8 to 4.1 kg/cm2 . Sensory testing candied tomatoes with parameters of taste , color and aroma is the preferred sample A3 is the addition of sugar 50 % .Keywords : candied tomatoes , physicochemical and sensory properties
POPULASI DAN PERSENTASE SERANGAN LARVA Spodoptera exigua Hubner PADA TANAMAN BAWANG DAUN DAN BAWANG MERAH DI DESA AMPRENG KECAMATAN LANGOWAN BARAT Paparang, Meilani; Memah, Ventje V.; Kaligis, James B.
COCOS Vol 7, No 7 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v7i7.13936

Abstract

ABSTRACKThis research aims at indentifying the ratio of the population and the percentage of Larva.attack on leeks and shallot plant. This research was taken in Ampreng Village, Langowansubdistrict, Minahasa Regency. This research had been taking for two month, i.e. that isMarch to April 2016 . The research was taken by using the survey method on leeks andshallot plants in Ampreng village, Langowan subdistrict. The researcher had used thediagonally slicing method i.e determining 5 sub plots on the location of taking the sample.Taking the sample had been done by using the interval of time along one week for three timesof observation. The finding of the research showed the average of the highest population ofLarva S. exigua went to Shallots i.e 1.44 tails, meanwhile the population of Larva on leeksonly got 0,67 tail. The highest average of Larva S. exigua attack went to Shallots plants, i.e.28,07 %, meanwhile leek plant only 14,81 %. The result of the independent analysis test“sample T-test” showed there are found the real differences of the population and thepercentage of Larva S. exigua attack on leeks and shallot plants.Kata kunci : Population, Percentage, Leek, Shallot, S. exigua
SERANGGA-SERANGGA PADA BERBAGAI JENIS BERAS DI PASAR TRADISIONAL KOTA MANADO1) THE INSECTS IN VARIOUS TYPES OF RICE IN TRADITIONAL MARKETS IN MANADO CITY1) Kawulusan, Joice L.A.; Manueke, Jusuf; Dien, Moulwy Frits
COCOS Vol 7, No 7 (2016)
Publisher : COCOS

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ABSTRACT study aims to Determine the type and Insect Populations in a variety of commodity rice in the traditional market in the city of Manado from February to May 2015. The study used survey methods in some traditional markets in the city of Manado. Traditional markets as the sample location is Pinasungkulan market at (karombasan), Bersehati market at Calaca, Paal Dua market, and Bahu market. Sampling was done by "purposive sampling" is to take a sample of rice were allegedly attacked by pests. Samples were observed once a week for 1 month. Things were observed was kind of Pests and Pest Populations.The results Showed that different types of insect pests found in various commodities of rice in the traditional market town of Manado as many as six types consisting of 5 types of order Coleoptera and one type of the order Lepidoptera. The identification results show that the types of insect pests is Sitophillus sp. (Coleoptera; Curculionidae), Oryzaephilus sp. (Coleoptera; Silvanidae) Tribolium sp. (Coleoptera; Tenebrionidae), Ahasverus sp. (Coleoptera; Cucujidae), Cryptolestes sp. (Coleoptera; Cucujidae) and Corcyra sp. (Lepidoptera; Pyralidae). Observation of the insect pest Populations are highest on the type Sitophillus sp. roomates reached an average (10.77 tails) then successively Tribolium sp. (0,67 tail), Oryzaephillus sp. (0,25 tail), Cryptolestes sp. (0,17 tail), Ahasverus sp (0,15 tails) and Corcyra sp. (0,11 tail), whereas the insect pest population Observations on the location of the sample turned out to be the highest found in traditional markets Bersehati market at Calaca2Reached an average of 5.68 tail, then successively Pinasungkulan market at Karombasan 2.90 tails, Bahu market at Bahu 2.37 tails and Paal Dua market at Paal Dua 1.77 tails.Keywords : Rise, Werehouse pests
EFEKTIVITAS Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) DAN Pseudomonas fluorescens DALAM MENGHAMBAT PENYAKIT BUSUK LUNAK PADA TANAMAN KUBIS BUNGA (Brassica oleraceavar. botrytis L) Mandang, Risma; Assa, Berty; Sualang, Denny S.
COCOS Vol 7, No 7 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v7i7.13930

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe aims of this research were to find the effectiveness of PGPR and P. fluorescens inpreventing wet rot that caused by E. carotovora. This research was conducted in VillagePaslaten, Tomohon city. The research was conducted in three places, namely The Laboratoryof Plant food and Horticulture of Protection North Sulawesi Province, cauliflower plantinglocation in Tomohon and the laboratory of Microbiology and Plant Pathology Faculty ofAgriculture Unsrat Manado. This research used RCBD with 4 treatments and 6 repetitions.Observation was done in 6 times and the time interval was one week. The result of the studyshowed several symptoms that happened to the cauliflowers, they were: the leaves wereblackish brown, shrank and looked pale, and also the small wet symptom sections becomewiden quickly. The infected soft produced a bad oder. This research showed the impact ofcollaborated treatment of PGPR and P. fluorescens was more effective since it showed ansignification different from giving PGPR or P. fluorescens separately that did not show anyimpact. The result of isolation showed that the bacteria which caused the wet rot in plantcauliflower in Tomohon was bacteria Erwinia Carotovora looking form its characteristic,creamy white colonies, slimy, shiny, convex and looked flat.Keyword: Effectiveness, Cauliflower, Soft root, Erwinia carotovora, Plant GrowthPromoting Rhizobacteria, Pseudomonas fluorescens.
KARAKTERISASI PALA SIAU (Myristica fragrans Houtt) BERDASARKAN MORFOLOGI BUAH CHARACTERIZATION OF SIAU NUTMEG (Myristica fragrans Houtt) BASED ON MORPHOLOGY FRUIT Seistelin Horonis1), Semuel Runtunuwu2), dan Yefta Pamandungan3) FAKULTAS PERTANIAN, UNIVERS Horonis, Seistelin; Runtunuwu, Semuel; Pamandungan, Yefta
COCOS Vol 7, No 7 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v7i7.13931

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe study aims to characterize nutmeg in Siau island based on morphology fruit. The study was conducted using survey method directly at the local farmers plantation area. This study was car was one village selected from each district as a research location. Having determined the locations, the sample trees were selected. The trees were more than forty years old, healthy growth and ready to be harvested. Then, the observation on morfological fruits was made on the selected samples. The observation was made based on the tropical fruit descriptor standard (IBPGRI, 1980) with the following variables: 1) fruit shape, 2) rind color, 3) seed shape, 4) seed color, 5) mace color. The result shows that 1) fruit and seed shaped were varied in each location (six districts). 2) a variety fruit color were found in Kanawong village, West Siau district. 3) seed color varied in all districts. 4) variety mace color are found in Deahe village, East Siau district.Key words : Nutmeg crop, characterization,Siau.
Insidensi Penyakit Karat (Puccinia arachidis) pada Tanaman Kacang Tanah (Arachis hypogaea L.) di Kecamatan Tompaso Dan Kawangkoan Kabupaten Minahasa Aneta, Ridwan; Ratulangi, Max M; Manengkey, Guntur S.J.
COCOS Vol 7, No 7 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v7i7.14021

Abstract

SUMMARYDisease Incidence Rust (Puccinia arachidis) on plants of Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in District Tompaso and Kawangkoan MinahasaRidwan Aneta, Max M. Ratulangi, and Guntur S. J. ManengkeyThe purpose and benefits of the research to determine the incidence of rust on peanut plants in the District Tompaso and Kawangkoan Minahasa, and the benefits of research can provide information to the relevant agencies, especially to farmers about the existence of this disease in order to prepare a peanut crop control strategies of the disease. The research was conducted in three village namely Pinabetengan, Kanonang and Kayuuwi, District Kawangkoan, Minahasa, and the study lasted for four months. The results showed that the symptoms ofdisease-causing pathogen attack or rust fungus Puccinia arachidis on peanut plants occur at all levels of the age of the plant is vegetative and generative growth. Pathogens forming patches on the surface of the lower and upper leaves with urediospora there are more obvious on the lower leaf surface than the upper surface of the leaf. The results of microscopic observation showed that urediospora shaped somewhat oval, urediospora with brownish colored water media while the media Laktofenol Cotoon Blue color changes such as a golden brown. Furthermore, the incidence of fungi that cause rust on peanut plants are in the village Kayuuwi lowest with an average percentage of 17.75; The village following Pinabetengan with an average percentage of 19.75; and was highest in the Village Kanonang with an average percentage of 22.67. Furthermore the average overall incidence is 20,06 %Keyword: Peanut, Rust Diseases Puccinia arachidis
ANALISIS KEUNGGULAN KOMPARATIF EKSPOR PRODUK BERBASIS KELAPA SULAWESI UTARA Kawa, Alan; Pakasi, Caroline B.D.; Mandei, Juliana R
COCOS Vol 7, No 7 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v7i7.14055

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe aim of this research is to analyze the comparative advantage of coconut-based products export in North Sulawesi from 2006 to 2015. Data used in this research is secondary data, which is come from the previous researched and various literature. Data are also obtained from relevant agencies, such as the Asian Pacific Coconut Community (APCC) Jakarta and from relevant agencies, Department of Industry and Commerce of North Sulawesi, Central Bureau of Statistics of North Sulawesi, Department of Agriculture of North Sulawesi and Department of Plantation of North Sulawesi. Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) method is used in this research. The results showed that all exports of coconut-based products during 2006-2015 have comparative advantage and have strong competitiveness, except in the year 2014-2015 charcoal and copra products experienced a decline in competitiveness.Keywords : Export, Competitiveness, Comparative Advantage.
Analisis Pemasaran Bunga Potong Krisan di Kelurahan Kakaskasen II Kecamatan Tomohon Utara Kota Tomohon (Marketing Margin Analysis Cut Flower Chrysanthemum of Kakasen II village in North Tomohon Subdistrict Tomohon Utara Regency) Rumengan, Natalita; Kumaat, Ribka M; Pakasi, Caroline B.D.
COCOS Vol 7, No 7 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35791/cocos.v7i7.14053

Abstract

ABSTRACNatalitaRumengan.Marketing Margin Analysis Cut Flower Chrysanthemum Village Kakaskasen II in North Tomohon sub district Tomohon.Under the guidance of Ir.Ribka M. Kumaat, MS as chairman and Dr. Caroline B. D. Pakasi, SP., MSi as a member.The goal in this research, analyze marketing margins cut chrysanthemum flowers in the village Kakaskasen Two North Tomohon sub district Tomohon.The study lasted six months, from the preparation to the preparation of reports that in April 2016 to October 2016. The implementation of the research is in the Village Kakaskasen two North Tomohon sub district Tomohon. The data used in this research is the primary data is by asking based questionnaire to farmers and sellers of chrysanthemums in the village Kakaskasen II North Tomohon sub district City secondary Tomohon.Data obtained from the department of Agriculture and Village Office Tomohon Kakaskasen two. The sampling method was done by snowball sampling. Census were used in this research that the population of farmers growing cut flower chrysanthemum and subsequently traced to the owner florist chrysanthemum cut flowers in the village Kakaskasen II, up to the consumer level. The results showed, that the marketing margin obtained is 53.33%. The costs incurred by retailers that Rp.823,78 by stalk or 10,98%. While the profit margin obtained Rp.3.176,22 by stalk.

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