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INDONESIA
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF CRIMINAL LAW STUDIES
ISSN : 25481568     EISSN : 25481576     DOI : -
Core Subject : Social,
The Indonesian Journal of Criminal Law Studies (IJCLS) is one of the scientific journals in the field of criminal law issued by the Criminal Law Department of the Faculty of Law, UNNES. IJCLS was first published in November 2016 to coincide with the 9th anniversary of the Faculty of Law UNNES, and since its first publication it has had ISSN both printed and online. In 2017, IJCLS continues to improve and make improvements both in terms of management systems and writing quality. The first time, IJCLS was published in Indonesian, and since the second issue, in May 2017, IJCLS has been published in English as a forward vision towards a reputable international journal. At present, IJCLS has established various collaborations, including the Association of Indonesian Law Journal Managers, Indonesian Criminal Law and Criminology Society, and various other associations. In 2018, IJCLS in collaboration with the Faculty of Law held various activities in the form of seminars and criminal law conferences. Until now, IJCLS has been indexed by several national and international indexing institutions.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 7, No 1 (2022): Indonesia J. Crim. L. Studies (May, 2022)" : 7 Documents clear
Crimes of Genocide in the Viewpoint of International Criminal Law
IJCLS (Indonesian Journal of Criminal Law Studies) Vol 7, No 1 (2022): Indonesia J. Crim. L. Studies (May, 2022)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang (UNNES)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/ijcls.v7i1.34648

Abstract

Genocide is one of the crimes that are included in gross violations of human hights where this crime is related to ethnic cleansing which is also included in crimes against various political groups because it is difficult to identify which causes an international problem in a country. The crime of genocide in international criminal law is an extraordinary crime and is a prohibited act which was later included in the 1948 Genocide Convention, the statutes of the International Criminal Tribunals for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), the statutes of the International Criminal Tribunals for the Rwanda (ICTR) and the 1998 Rome statute. This study is intended to analyze the crime of genoside in the perspective of international law. This study found that the analysis and discourse of genoside in intersected with human rights theory and state responsibility. Genocide also highlighted as international crimes that are included in 4 (four) international crimes, namely genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and crimes of aggression. In the Indonesian National Law Regulation, the Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 26 of 2000 concerning the Human Rights Court in Article 7 states, the Crime of Genocide is a grave violation of human rights.
Imposing Additional Criminal Sanction of Chemical Castration against Child Sexual Violence Perpetrators
IJCLS (Indonesian Journal of Criminal Law Studies) Vol 7, No 1 (2022): Indonesia J. Crim. L. Studies (May, 2022)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang (UNNES)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/ijcls.v7i1.35077

Abstract

This paper aims to examine the fulfillment of the requirements for implementing the judge's decision Number: 69/Pid.Sus/2019/PN Mjk in providing additional punishment in the form of chemical castration and rationalization of the Indonesian Doctors Association (IDI) in approving the implementation of the decision. The results of the study indicate that the conditions for implementing the decision No. 69/Pid.Sus/2019/Pn Mjk in providing additional punishment for chemical castration has been fulfilled, because the conditions for the imposition of additional punishment in the form of chemical castration are imposed after the convict has served the principal sentence in accordance with Article 81A paragraph (1) of Law Number 17 of 2016 concerning child protection. The reason IDI is obliged to approve the implementation of Decision Number: 69/Pid.Sus/2019/PN Mjk is that when a regulation is included in the legislation, this provision is perfectly binding and must be obeyed. So, in practice, when a doctor is asked to perform chemical castration, the doctor must do so because this provision is a legal order and there is a justification for this. The decision Sus/2019/PN Mjk is when a regulation is included in the legislation, this provision is perfectly binding and must be obeyed.
A Criminalization of Civil Servant in Case of Neutrality Violations in a Regional Head Election
IJCLS (Indonesian Journal of Criminal Law Studies) Vol 7, No 1 (2022): Indonesia J. Crim. L. Studies (May, 2022)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang (UNNES)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/ijcls.v7i1.35326

Abstract

This study aims to validate and analyze the accuracy of sentencing the the defendant as the head of the service in fulfilling the elements of the legal subject as a Civil Servant, as well as legal proof of the defendant's actions which are considered beneficial or detrimental to one of the candidate pairs. Legal research with normative juridical, as well as statutory, case, and conceptual approaches and analyzed prescriptively. The accuracy of sentencing the the defendant in Decision Number 147/Pid.Sus/2018/PN.Sdr regarding legal subjects is based that the Panel of a judge s interprets ASN holding certain positions in government as ASN. The judge's considerations did not refer to the Civil Servant Law and the the defendant was a High Pratama Official, belonging to an Echelon 2 position, and this was based on the theory of a criminal responsibility that the actions taken by the the defendant were a burden of personal responsibility not the responsibility of the position. It has nothing to do with the main duties and official functions as Head of the Social, Civil and Population Registration Service, and not as a legitimate job order task. Legal proof of the the phrase "favorable" or "detrimental" to one of the Candidate pairs is inappropriate, because it is not based on the benefit or harm is a formal offense so it does not need to be proven because there is a potential loss and at the same time the theory of  economics analysis of law on the principle of optimization, proving cost-benefit analysis, the principle of balance, and the principle of efficiency.
Adolescent Delinquency and the Crime of Robbery in the Study of Criminal Theory
IJCLS (Indonesian Journal of Criminal Law Studies) Vol 7, No 1 (2022): Indonesia J. Crim. L. Studies (May, 2022)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang (UNNES)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/ijcls.v7i1.35599

Abstract

No one wants a crime to occur in their community, because the existence of this crime will be disturbing and detrimental to people's lives. Therefore, crime must be tackled and stopped. This article discusses cases of adolescent delinquency, burglary crimes and labeling practices in the study of criminological theories. It is important to understand cases of adolescent delinquency, crime of robbery and labeling practices in terms of the characteristics of crime and criminals. The research method used is a normative juridical research method with secondary data sources. The results showed that there were 5 (five) theories that could be used to analyze adolescent delinquency cases, namely the French sect, differential association, anomie, social control, and learning theory. While the crime of robbery is analyzed in 4 (four) theories, namely classical criminology theory, positive criminology, differential association, and opportunity theory. Meanwhile, the case of labeling in society was studied using labeling theory. The above theories can be used as a strategy to prevent and prosecute juvenile crimes, in this case juvenile brawls as a special crime, burglary crimes, and community labeling practices. It can be concluded that increasing family participation as the first medium of learning for children by increasing control, so that brawls between teenagers can be anticipated, as well as increasing community participation and social control as well as preventive, curative, and repressive actions to prevent actions that violate social norms and legal norms.
The Role of The Prosecutor as Executor of Court Decisions in Returning Confiscated Objects and State Spoils in Criminal Cases: Comparing Indonesia, Malaysia, Nigeria, and Thailand
IJCLS (Indonesian Journal of Criminal Law Studies) Vol 7, No 1 (2022): Indonesia J. Crim. L. Studies (May, 2022)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang (UNNES)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/ijcls.v7i1.35601

Abstract

The execution of court decisions especially for confiscated objects and state spoils face some challenges in Indonesia. This research aims to find out the the executive of court decisions in the return of evidence, as well as what factors affect the presecutor as the executor of the court’s decision. The research questions formulated as first, what is the role of the presecutor in carrying out of the execution of the court's verdict on the return of evidence? and second, what are the factors that affect the presecutor as the executor of the court's decision in the return of evidence? The research method used in this research is qualitative research method with a type of socio-legal studies. This research found and highlighted that the execution of the court’s decision on the status of the evidence carried out by the Prosecutor after the adjudicator's decision has been signed. There are four factors that influence the level of effectiveness of the Prosecutor as the executor of court decisions with regard to evidence, including the legal factor itself, the community factor, the law enforcement officer factor, as well as the legal facilities and facilities factor. Various regulations have been drafted, however, none of them have explicitly regulated the threat of sanctions for prosecutors who do not immediately carry out executions, lack of coordination between related parties, and limited legal facilities and facilities are factors that affect the effectiveness of prosecutors in carrying out their duties.
Criminal Liability in Prison Fire Case: A Case Study of Class I Tangerang Prison Fire
IJCLS (Indonesian Journal of Criminal Law Studies) Vol 7, No 1 (2022): Indonesia J. Crim. L. Studies (May, 2022)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang (UNNES)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/ijcls.v7i1.35669

Abstract

The existence of Correctional Institutions is part of the criminal system in Indonesia. The criminal law policy which is not yet ideal and the management of prisons that are not optimal have caused over capacity in all prisons. Therefore, in the event of a prison fire disaster, mitigation and rapid evacuation of the inmates cannot be carried out and cause death toll. When there are inmates who die as a result of a prison fire, of course, there must be a party who is responsible politically, sociologically and juridically. This study aims to determine criminal liability in prison fire cases based on the Criminal Code, Law Number 12 of 1995 concerning Corrections and other laws and regulations. This research uses normative juridical research method. Based on the results of the study, it can be seen that politically and sociologically those responsible for the fire incident were government officials who handled prison affairs, namely the Minister of Law and Human Rights, the Director General of Corrections, and the head of the prison. While juridically those responsible for the prison fire incident were the perpetrators who were found guilty either by intention or negligence, namely the prison officer for general affairs who handled prison electricity and the prison warden on duty when the fire occurred. To prevent prison fires from causing the inmates to die, it is expected that the government, will improve prison management and carry out criminal law policy reform to improve the criminal system in Indonesia.
Penal Policy for Handling Illegal Fishing in Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone Based on Pancasila
IJCLS (Indonesian Journal of Criminal Law Studies) Vol 7, No 1 (2022): Indonesia J. Crim. L. Studies (May, 2022)
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang (UNNES)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/ijcls.v7i1.35928

Abstract

This study discusses the policy of handling fisheries crime in Indonesia which does not run optimally between regulations and law enforcement. By using the normative juridical method by combining normative qualitative analysis and literature studies, in finding and formulating legal arguments in enforcing the law regarding the handling of fisheries crimes. The discussion of this article only focuses on regulations regarding law enforcement of fisheries crimes which have problems ranging from overlapping laws and regulations to conflicts between agencies that handle this problem, as well as criminal sanctions in the form of fines that are applied to perpetrators of illegal fishing. foreign flags are very low and there is no body confinement so that it does not cause a deterrent effect for the perpetrators. So it is necessary to make changes related to the handling of fisheries crime into a more effective form of regulation, because government policies have an important role in resolving illegal fishing legal issues in order to reduce the impact of state losses. Through policy reformulation starting from changes to laws and regulations, implementing regulations to the handling system, it can reduce the practice of illegal fishing in Indonesia.

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