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Medical Laboratory Technology Journal
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Core Subject : Health, Science,
The aim of this journal publication is to disseminate the conceptual thoughts or ideas and research results that have been achieved in the area of medical laboratory sciences. This Journal particularly focuses on the main problems in the development of the sciences of medical laboratory areas. It covers the parasitology, bacteriology, virology, hematology, clinical chemistry, toxicology, food and drink chemistry, and any sciences that cover sciences of medical laboratory area. Please read these guidelines carefully. Authors who want to submit their manuscript to the editorial office of Medical Laboratory Technology Journal should obey the writing guidelines. If the manuscript submitted is not appropriate with the guidelines or written in a different format, it will BE REJECTED by the editors before further reviewed. The editors will only accept the manuscripts which meet the assigned format.
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Articles 11 Documents
Search results for , issue "Vol 6, No 2 (2020): December" : 11 Documents clear
Comparative Test of Ret-He Examination in Diagnosis of Iron Deficiency in Pregnant Women Gilang Nugraha; Nur Masruroh; Diyan Wahyu Kurniasari
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 6, No 2 (2020): December
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (821.795 KB) | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v6i2.303

Abstract

The most common cause of anemia is iron deficiency, which found in 50% of anemia cases. There are 66.7% of pregnant women in Indonesia that still lack iron intake. Reticulocyte hemoglobin equivalent (Ret-He) examination as a single parameter is the initial indicator of iron deficiency, considered more sensitive in detecting iron reserves in the body. This study aims to determine the effectivity of the Ret-He examination as a single parameter in establishing the diagnosis of iron deficiency in pregnant women. This research was conducted on 30 pregnant women. The sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value of Ret-He were determined by comparing the results of the biochemical examination of iron profiles. Iron deficiency defined as an abnormal examination result on two or more biochemical parameters, which were SI 425 µg/dL, serum ferritin
Early Relapse After Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation in Multiple Myeloma is Still Prognostic in The Era of Novel Agents Semih Başcı; Tuğçe Nur Yiğenoğlu; Bahar Uncu Ulu; Mehmet Bakırtaş; Derya Şahin; Tahir Darçın; Jale Yıldız; Alparslan Merdin; Nuran Ahu Baysal; Dicle İskender; Merih Kızıl Çakar; Mehmet Sinan Dal; Tuba Hacıbekiroğlu; Fevzi Altuntaş
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 6, No 2 (2020): December
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v6i2.281

Abstract

Significant improvements in the prognosis of Multiple Myeloma(MM) have recently observed in the era of novel agents. Induction treatment, including new agents followed by conditioning regimen and upfront autologous stem cell transplantation(ASCT), has been accepted as the standard treatment approach for newly diagnosed eligible MM patients. Despite novel agents, upfront ASCT is still superior to conventional chemotherapy alone. Previous studies revealed that the duration between ASCT and relapse had predicted overall survival(OS), and meantime, it was widely used to determine the potential benefit from a second ASCT. However, the majority of the data collected reflects the treatment modalities before novel agents. In this study, we aimed to investigate the impact of post-transplantation early relapse(ER) on survival in the era of novel agents. The results of 155 MM patients that underwent ASCT at our center between January 2010 and May 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The median follow-up duration was 20 months in the ER group, 27 months in the non-ER group, and 24 months in all patients. 33.3% of patients in the ER group and 71.4% of patients in the non-ER group were alive at the time of analysis. Median OS was 20.77±3.66 months in the ER group and 40.89±4.21 months in the non-ER group. We found a statistically significant relationship between the ER and the poor OS (p:
Increased Monocyte Count is Related to the Development of Atrial Fibrillation in Subjects with Heart Failure Recep Kurt; Anıl Şahin
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 6, No 2 (2020): December
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v6i2.260

Abstract

Determining subjects with heart failure (HF), who have a high risk of developing atrial fibrillation (AF), is crucial since it is related to an increase in morbidity and mortality. The importance of an increase in inflammatory response cannot be ignored in developing AF in subjects with HF. This study’s goal was to evaluate the relationship between the development of AF and monocyte count, the main components of the inflammatory response, in subjects with HF. Medical data of 158 subjects in total with sinus rhythm, admitted to the emergency department and hospitalized with systolic HF between January 2009 and February 2014, were analyzed prospectively. All the subjects followed up in terms of the development of AF. The subjects separated into two groups according to their rhythm at the end of the follow-up period. Group 1 included subjects who maintained sinus rhythm, while Group 2 included subjects with AF. Echocardiographic findings and laboratory data were collected. No statistically significant difference was determined between the groups concerning age, sex (p=0.056), hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and smoking status. The two groups differed significantly regarding the presence of moderate-to-severe mitral regurgitation (MR) [32 (28%) vs. 22 (51%), p=0.010] and monocyte count [560 (20-3100) vs. 800 (380-1510) μL, p
Stability of Routine Hematology Sample Using The Medonic M-Series Analyzer Eva Ayu Maharani; Dewi Astuti
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 6, No 2 (2020): December
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (473.874 KB) | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v6i2.305

Abstract

Routine hematology tests (Hb, Hct, RBC, WBC, PLT) generally done by automation methods using a hematology analyzer. Ideally, the examinations should be done as soon as possible, although, in some circumstances, it can be delayed. Based on the literature, the sample for routine hematology testing should be processed within 4 – 8 hours of venesection. Some studies revealed that the sample could be stored for up to 48 hours, and it can be influenced by the technology applied to the hematology analyzer. Studies conducted to see the stability of the samples using a hematology analyzer with impedance technology. Tests performed on whole blood samples collected from 12 ostensibly healthy individuals, immediately after collection (fresh sample,
The Effects of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy on Blood Glucose Levels and Lipid Profile in Diabetes Mellitus Patients Andika Aliviameita; Nevy Elensya; Puspitasari Puspitasari; Sri Mukhodim Faridah Hanum
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 6, No 2 (2020): December
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (545.458 KB) | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v6i2.307

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus and its complications are still a major health problem in the world. Diabetes mellitus is closely related to the lipid profile, especially concerning the cardiovascular disease. A method that can be used to treat diabetes mellitus is hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT). This study aims to observe changes in blood glucose levels and lipid profiles in patients with diabetes mellitus with hyperbaric oxygen therapy. The determination of blood glucose levels and lipid profiles is done by photometry. A total of 30 patients with diabetes mellitus examined for their blood glucose level and lipid profile before and after hyperbaric oxygen therapy. In the Paired T-test, there were significant decrease in blood glucose levels (p= 0,000), total cholesterol (p= 0,000), and triglycerides (p= 0,000) after hyperbaric oxygen therapy. The conclusion of this study shows there is a significant decrease in blood glucose level and lipid profile (total cholesterol, and triglycerides) after hyperbaric oxygen therapy.
Increased Mean Platelet Volume (MPV) in Patients with ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) Compared to Non-ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction (NSTEMI) Patients Tri Ratnaningsih; Istiqomah Istiqomah
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 6, No 2 (2020): December
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v6i2.320

Abstract

Platelets are known to have a role major in the pathogenesis of atherothrombosis. More giant and hyperreactive platelets accelerate the formation of an intracoronary thrombus. An increased MPV as an indicator of larger and more reactive platelets represents a risk factor for overall vascular mortality, including myocardial infarction. This study aimed to identify the increase of Mean Platelet Volume in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndromes, especially in ST-elevation myocardial infarction and Non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Thus this parameter can be used as consideration for diagnosis and treatment decisions. This research is an analytic observational with a cross-sectional method. The subjects were patients with STEMI and NSTEMI who were hospitalized in ICCU Dr.Sardjito Hospital Yogyakarta. Thirty-four subjects STEMI and NSTEMI patients at Dr. Sardjito Hospital, consisting of 28 males (82,35%) and six women (17,65%) with a mean age of 55,5 ± 10,3 years. The results showed that MPV in AMI was higher in patients with STEMI than NSTEMI, but this difference is not significant (p = 0,091). This study concludes that MPV to be higher in patients with STEMI compared to NSTEMI. MPV may be used as a marker of myocardial infarction in clinically appropriate situations.
Complete Blood Cells Findings Among Covıd-19 In-Patients at Covıd-19 Reference Hospitals, West Nusa Tenggara I Putu Dedy Arjita; Sabariah Sabariah; Ayu Anulus
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 6, No 2 (2020): December
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v6i2.339

Abstract

Covid-19 virus still attacks various worldwide sectors, especially health. The current problem is that the Covid-19 vaccine is still in progress, so the best strategy to deal with this problem is to prevent this disease's spread. In the laboratory sector, complete blood cells tend to use as a screening method for disease, especially infectious disease. This study describes the CBCs findings among Covid-19 patients at Covid-19 reference hospitals in West Nusa Tenggara. This study will enhance the data to provide early diagnosis for patients with Covid-19. This was a retrospective study conducted from Mei to July 2020. A total of four hospitals have access to 85 medical records of Covid-19 patients. The patient’s data included in this study should have (1) initials; (2) Gender; (3) Age; (4) Patients' disease other than Covid-19; and (5) The results of the first CBCs examination. Incomplete data excluded from the study. The CBCs data collected from Hospital Management Information Systems (HMIS) and Laboratory Information Systems (LIS). The data were analyzed descriptively. The results showed that 5.88% of patients with comorbidities or another disease reported abnormal CBCs results. In comparison, another 94.12% of patients without another disease than Covid-19 tend to present normal results. In conclusion, most of the CBC's findings among Covid-19 patients in West Nusa Tenggara show normal value among patients with no disease other than Covid-19.
Evaluation of Toxoplasma gondii IgM and IgG Seropositivities in Serum Samples Sent from Pediatric and Adult Hematology/Oncology Outpatient Clinics Ayfer Bakır; Mustafa Guney
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 6, No 2 (2020): December
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v6i2.342

Abstract

Toxoplasmosis, despite its mild course in immunocompetent individuals, it may have a more severe course in immunosuppressed patients such as hematology and oncology patients. This study aimed to contribute to the importance of that issue by evaluating the seropositivity rates of Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) in Hematology and Oncology patients and sharing the data obtained. Serum samples sent from pediatric and adult Hematology/Oncology outpatient clinic to the Microbiology Laboratory between January 2017 and August 2019 were analysed using Architect Toxo IgG and IgM Reagent Kit with chemiluminescent microparticular enzyme immunoassay method on Architect system. A total of 673 patient samples belonging to 131 pediatric patients and 542 adult patients were analysed in the study. Median age of the study group was 29 (range: 0 - 83) and 53.5% of them were male. While T. gondii IgM positivity was 8% IgG positivity was 28.7%. T. gondii IgG seropositivities in male and female patients were 27.2% and 30.4% respectively (p = 0.44). T. gondii IgM seropositivities in pediatric and adult patients were 6.9% and 8.3% respectively and IgG seropositivities were 24.4% and 29.7% (p = 0.78 and p = 0.46 respectively). T. gondii IgM positivity was found as 8% and IgG positivity as 28.7% in the study group. In conclusion, data obtained from the study were in compliance with both domestic and foreign data and the highest rate of IgM and IgG seropositivity was found in patients with lymphoma.
Evaluation of the Diagnosis of Typhoid Fever Using the Widal Test and the Anti Salmonella typhi IgM Test Wahdah Norsiah; Neni Oktiyani
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 6, No 2 (2020): December
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v6i2.327

Abstract

Typhoid fever is a systemic infectious disease caused by Salmonella enteric serotype typhi. Laboratory tests are essential because the clinical symptoms of typhoid fever are not specific. The definitive diagnosis of typhoid fever make by culture isolation of Salmonella typhi, but this test is expensive and takes a long time. Other supporting tests that can do quickly are the Widal and Salmonella typhi IgM tests. This study aimed to determine the suitability between the results of the Widal test and the results of the anti-Salmonella typhi IgM test. This type of research is an observational analytic study determining the sample based on the accidental sampling technique. The number of samples taken was 42 samples. The results showed that the Widal Test in typhoid patients was 76% positive and 24% negative. Based on the anti-Salmonella typhi IgM test results in typhoid patients, 38% were positive, and 62% were negative. The study concluded a fragile agreement between the Widal test results and the results of the anti-Salmonella typhi IgM test. It recommended that the Widal test carried out for the initial examination and a quick community survey. The Tubex test highly recommends for diagnosis.
Role of CD44 and CD8 in Colorectal Adenocarcinoma metastatic Baiq Ratna Kumaladewi; Willy Sandhika; Heryawati Heryawati
Medical Laboratory Technology Journal Vol 6, No 2 (2020): December
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Analis Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31964/mltj.v6i2.314

Abstract

Colorectal adenocarcinoma is one of the most prevalent malignancies worldwide. The presence of regional lymph node metastases is an important prognostic indicator in colorectal adenocarcinoma. CD44 is a transmembrane protein and a cancer stem cell biomarker that plays a role in tumor proliferation, metastasis, and recurrence. The tumor microenvironment has a vital role in the stage of tumor development. CD8 is one of microenvironment's component which kills the tumor cells. This study aimed to analyze the expression of CD44 and CD8 and investigated their association with colorectal adenocarcinoma metastatic. This study's benefit is that the resulting study can be used as a prognostic factor in colorectal adenocarcinoma. This study included 56 paraffin blocks of patients diagnosed as colorectal adenocarcinoma during January 2017-December 2018 in Anatomic Pathology Laboratory Dr. Soetomo Hospital Surabaya. The paraffin blocks were sliced and stained with immunohistochemistry for CD44 and CD8. The parameters were a positive percentage of tumor cell and lymphocyte immunoreactivity against CD44 and CD8 antibodies. The percentage of CD44 is higher in the metastatic group, and the percentage of CD8 is higher in the non-metastatic group. There was a significant negative correlation between CD44 and CD8 expression in regional lymph nodes metastatic. These results indicated that CD44 and CD8 have a vital role in the incidence of metastasis.

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